Code of Virginia

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Chapter 16. Virginia Gas and Oil ActRead Chapter

  • Article 1. General ProvisionsRead all
  • § 45.2-1600
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Definitions
    § 45.2-1601
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Regulation of coal surface mining not affected by chapter
    § 45.2-1602
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Construction; purposes
    § 45.2-1603
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Virginia Gas and Oil Board; membership; compensation
    § 45.2-1604
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Duties and responsibilities of the Director; Virginia Gas and Oil Inspector
    § 45.2-1605
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Exclusivity of regulation and enforcement
    § 45.2-1606
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Confidentiality
    § 45.2-1607
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Expenditure of funds
    § 45.2-1608
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Violations; penalties
    § 45.2-1609
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Appeals; venue; standing
    § 45.2-1610
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Copy of lease to lessor
    § 45.2-1611
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Objections by coal owner
    § 45.2-1612
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Distance limitations of certain wells
  • Article 2. Gas and Oil ConservationRead all
  • § 45.2-1613
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Meetings of the Board; notice; general powers and duties
    § 45.2-1614
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Additional duties and responsibilities of the Board
    § 45.2-1615
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Applicability and construction
    § 45.2-1616
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Statewide spacing of wells
    § 45.2-1617
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Voluntary pooling of interests in drilling units; validity of unit agreements
    § 45.2-1618
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Notice of hearing; standing; form of hearing
    § 45.2-1619
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Field rules and drilling units for wells; hearings and orders
    § 45.2-1620
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Pooling of interests in drilling units
    § 45.2-1621
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Coalbed methane gas; ownership
    § 45.2-1622
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Pooling of interests for coalbed methane gas wells; conflicting claims to ownership
    § 45.2-1623
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Conflicting claims of ownership; arbitration
    § 45.2-1624
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Release of funds held in escrow or suspense because of conflicting claims to coalbed methane gas
    § 45.2-1625
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Appeals of the Director's decisions; notices; hearings and orders
    § 45.2-1626
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Enforcement
    § 45.2-1627
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Standing when Director or Board fails to act
    § 45.2-1628
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Recording of orders
  • Article 3. Regulation of Gas and Oil Development and ProductionRead all
  • § 45.2-1629
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Duties, responsibilities, and authority of the Director
    § 45.2-1630
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Powers, duties, and responsibilities of the Inspector
    § 45.2-1631
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Permit required; gas, oil, or geophysical operations; coalbed methane gas wells; environmental assessment
    § 45.2-1632
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Notice of permit applications and permit modification applications required; content
    § 45.2-1633
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Bonding and financial security required
    § 45.2-1634
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Gas and Oil Plugging and Restoration Fund
    § 45.2-1635
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Expiration of permits
    § 45.2-1636
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Abandonment or cessation of well or corehole operation; plugging required
    § 45.2-1637
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Objections to permits; hearing
    § 45.2-1638
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Appeals of Director's decisions to the Board
    § 45.2-1639
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Persons required to register; designated agents
    § 45.2-1640
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Report of permitted activities and production required; contents
    § 45.2-1641
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Developing a gas or oil well as a water well
    § 45.2-1642
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Orphaned Well Fund; orphaned wells
    § 45.2-1643
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Interference by injection wells with groundwater supply
    § 45.2-1644
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Safety in coalbed methane gas, oil, and geophysical operations
  • Article 4. Drilling for Gas or Oil in the Chesapeake Bay or Tidewater Virginia; Hydraulic FracturingRead all
  • § 45.2-1645
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Chesapeake Bay; drilling for gas or oil prohibited
    § 45.2-1646
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Tidewater Virginia; drilling for gas or oil prohibited in certain areas
    § 45.2-1647
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Hydraulic fracturing; groundwater management area
  • Article 5. Replacement of Water by Gas Well OperatorsRead all
  • § 45.2-1648
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Operator's right to sample water
    § 45.2-1649
    (Effective October 1, 2021) Replacement of water supply