Code of Virginia

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Code of Virginia
Title 13.1. Corporations
Chapter 14. Virginia Business Trust Act
12/3/2023

Article 7. Derivative Actions.

§ 13.1-1232. Right of action.

A beneficial owner may bring a derivative proceeding in the right of a business trust to the same extent, and in the same manner, that a shareholder may bring a derivative proceeding under Chapter 9 (§ 13.1-601 et seq.) of this title.

2002, c. 621.

§ 13.1-1233. Payment of and security for expenses.

On termination of a derivative proceeding, the court shall:

1. Order the business trust to pay the plaintiff's reasonable expenses, including counsel fees, incurred in the proceeding if it finds that the proceeding has resulted in a substantial benefit to the business trust; or

2. Order the plaintiff or the plaintiff's attorney to pay any defendant's reasonable expenses, including counsel fees, incurred in defending the proceeding if it finds that the proceeding was commenced or maintained arbitrarily, vexatiously or not in good faith.

2002, c. 621.