Code of Virginia

Code of Virginia
Title 15.2. Counties, Cities and Towns
10/20/2019

Article 5. Miscellaneous.

§ 15.2-2015. Use of streets, etc., for transportation and utilities; removal and alteration of facilities and equipment; permits and charges.

Any city or town may provide for the issuance of permits, under such terms and conditions as they may impose, for the use of streets, highways, roads, alleys, bridges, viaducts, subways and underpasses and other public rights-of-way and places by railroads, buses, taxicabs and other vehicles for hire; may prescribe the location in, under or over and provide for the issuance of permits for the use of such public rights-of-way and places for the installation, maintenance and operation of tracks, poles, wires, cables, pipes, conduits, bridges, viaducts, subways, vaults, areas and cellars; may require tracks, poles, wires, cables, pipes, conduits, bridges, viaducts, subways and underpasses to be altered, removed or relocated either permanently or temporarily; may charge and collect compensation for the privileges so granted; and may prohibit such use of such public rights-of-way and places except as otherwise provided by law. No such use shall be made of the streets, highways, roads, alleys, bridges, viaducts, subways and underpasses without the consent of the city or town.

Code 1950, § 15-77.56; 1958, c. 328; 1962, c. 623, § 15.1-892; 1997, c. 587.

§ 15.2-2016. Regulation of services and rates charged by person using streets, etc.

Any city or town may regulate the services rendered to the public and rates charged therefor by any person using the streets, highways, roads, alleys, bridges, viaducts, subways, underpasses or other public rights-of-way or places for the rendition of such services, which are not subject to regulation by the State Corporation Commission.

Code 1950, § 15-77.59; 1958, c. 328; 1962, c. 623, § 15.1-895; 1997, c. 587.

§ 15.2-2017. Public utilities not to use streets without consent.

No street railway, gas, water, steam or electric heating, electric light or power, cold storage, compressed air, viaduct, conduit, telephone or bridge company, nor any corporation, association, person, or partnership engaged in these or like enterprises, shall be permitted to use the streets, alleys or public grounds of a city or town, without the previous consent of the corporate authorities of such city or town.

Code 1950, § 15-774; 1962, c. 623, § 15.1-375; 1997, c. 587.

§ 15.2-2018. Use of certain public property without consent or franchise.

Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection A of § 15.2-2000, any person or corporation, except a public service corporation, that occupies or uses any streets, avenues, parks, bridges or any other public places or public property or any public easement of a county, in a manner not permitted to the general public, without having first obtained the consent of the governing body of such county or a franchise therefor, shall be guilty of a Class 4 misdemeanor. Each day's continuance thereof shall be a separate offense. Such occupancy or use shall be deemed a nuisance. The court trying the case may cause the nuisance to be abated and commit the offenders and all their agents and employees engaged in such offenses to jail until the order of the court is obeyed.

1983, c. 613, § 15.1-512.1; 1997, c. 587.

§ 15.2-2019. Localities may name streets, roads and alleys.

Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection A of § 15.2-2000, every locality may name streets, roads and alleys. Such names shall take precedence over any other designation except those primary highways conforming to § 33.2-213, and shall be employed in references to property abutting thereon.

Renaming streets, roads and alleys on site plans or subdivision plats previously recorded and filed in a circuit court clerk's office shall not cause vacation of such site plans or subdivision plats. The locality may forward a certified copy of the action effecting such name change to the clerk of the circuit court in which the site plan or subdivision plat is recorded or filed. Upon receipt, the clerk shall (i) file the certified copy and note the name change on the site plan or subdivision plat affected or (ii) record the certified copy.

Code 1950, § 15-777.1; 1954, c. 462; 1962, c. 623, § 15.1-379; 1987, c. 384; 1997, c. 587; 1999, c. 671.

§ 15.2-2020. Lights on public rights-of-way in counties.

Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection A of § 15.2-2000, counties may install and maintain suitable lights on public rights-of-way in such counties, and pay the costs of such installation and maintenance.

Code 1950, § 15-778; 1952, c. 125; 1962, c. 623, § 15.1-380; 1997, c. 587.

§ 15.2-2021. Ramps on curbs of certain streets; specifications.

Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection A of § 15.2-2000, every locality requiring curbs along its streets that incorporate accessible routes for pedestrian use, such as existing or proposed sidewalks, shall require that curb ramps be constructed at intersections for use by persons with mobility impairments. The ramps shall comply with the Virginia Department of Transportation's Road and Bridge Standards. Local option, variance, or waiver of these standards is prohibited.

1974, c. 169, § 15.1-381; 1975, c. 74; 1976, c. 477; 1990, c. 186; 1993, c. 258; 1997, c. 587; 1999, cc. 409, 417.

§ 15.2-2022. Certain counties may adopt ordinance regulating tracking of mud and debris upon highways.

Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection A of § 15.2-2000, any county (i) whose roads are not a part of the state secondary highway system, (ii) which has the urban county executive form of government, or (iii) is adjacent to a county which has the urban county executive form of government may, by ordinance, regulate the tracking of mud and debris upon the highways and secondary highways within the county boundaries.

1966, c. 429, § 15.1-16.1; 1987, c. 635; 1997, c. 587.

§ 15.2-2022.1. Turns into or out of certain residential areas; resident permits.

Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection A of § 15.2-2000, or any other provision of law, a county operating under the urban county executive form of government may by ordinance develop a program to issue resident permits or stickers to residents of a designated area that will allow such residents to make turns into or out of the designated area during certain times of the day when such turns would otherwise be restricted.

2019, c. 305.

§ 15.2-2023. Expenditure of county revenues for certain roads.

Any county may expend so much of its general revenues as its governing body by majority vote of its elected members deems appropriate for the construction and repair of public roads not in the primary or secondary state highway system and may own and operate the properties and equipment necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

Any county revenues expended for such roads shall not be considered to be highway funds which are made available for highway purposes pursuant to § 33.2-358 and shall not diminish funds paid to counties under § 33.2-358.

1978, c. 163, § 15.1-26.2; 1994, c. 251; 1997, c. 587.

§ 15.2-2024. Numbers to be displayed on buildings.

Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection A of § 15.2-2000, every locality, by ordinance, may require that each building that fronts on a right-of-way be numbered and such number be displayed on the primary or accompanying building or in a manner that is easily readable from the right-of-way. Every locality may adopt such rules or procedures necessary to ensure the compliance with and enforcement of the ordinance adopted pursuant to this section.

1984, c. 223, § 15.1-29.11; 1997, cc. 534, 587.

§ 15.2-2025. Removal of snow and ice.

Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection A of § 15.2-2000, any county in Northern Virginia Planning District 8, or any county outside Planning District 8 that has adopted the county executive form of government, may provide by ordinance reasonable criteria and requirements for the removal of accumulations of snow and ice from public sidewalks, by the owner or other person in charge of any occupied property.

Such ordinance shall include reasonable time frames for compliance and reasonable exceptions for handicapped and elderly persons, and those otherwise physically incapable of meeting the criteria and requirements for such removal.

Civil penalties not to exceed $100 may be imposed for violation of such ordinance.

1988, c. 356, § 15.1-29.16; 1997, c. 587; 2018, cc. 323, 661.

§ 15.2-2026. Limited access streets.

Localities shall have the same authority with respect to the planning, designation, acquisition, opening, construction, reconstruction, improvement, maintenance, discontinuance and regulation of the use of limited access streets; the designation of existing streets as limited access streets, and the extinguishment of easements and rights in connection therewith; the regulation and restriction of access to such streets; the construction of service roads in connection therewith; and all other authority with respect to such streets and incidental thereto, as the Commonwealth Transportation Board has under the provisions of §§ 33.2-400 through 33.2-404, or as the Board may be hereafter granted by amendment thereof or otherwise. "Limited access street" as used in this section means a street especially designed for through traffic over which abutters have no easement or right of light, air or access because their property abuts upon such limited access street.

Code 1950, § 15-7.1; 1952, c. 422; 1962, c. 623, § 15.1-16; 1997, c. 587.

§ 15.2-2027. Regulation of private roadways within multifamily residential developments.

Any locality may regulate and control private roadways within multifamily residential developments to such extent as to allow police, fire and rescue vehicles access to the developments.

1970, c. 282, § 15.1-510.5:1; 1997, c. 587.

§ 15.2-2028. Regulation of traffic.

Every locality may regulate and control the operation of motor and other vehicles and the movement of vehicular and pedestrian travel and traffic on streets, highways, roads, alleys, bridges, viaducts, subways, underpasses and other public rights-of-way and places, provided such regulations shall not be inconsistent with the provisions of Chapter 13 (§ 46.2-1300 et seq.) of Title 46.2.

Code 1950, § 15-77.55; 1958, c. 328; 1962, c. 623, § 15.1-891; 1997, c. 587.

§ 15.2-2029. Regulation of transportation of certain materials.

Any locality may regulate the transportation of hay, coal, gasoline, explosives or other articles through the streets of the locality.

Code 1950, § 15-6; 1960, c. 528; 1962, c. 623, § 15.1-14; 1970, c. 453; 1973, c. 402; 1990, c. 58; 1997, c. 587.

§ 15.2-2030. Localities may sell or lease airspace over public streets, public rights-of-way, etc., under certain conditions.

Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection A of § 15.2-2000, subject to the provisions of Article VII, Section 9 of the Constitution of Virginia when applicable, any locality may by ordinance authorize the sale or lease of the airspace over or under any public street, lane, alley or other public right-of-way in such locality owned by it in fee simple; provided, that any building, structure or appurtenance thereto, constructed over any such street, lane, alley or other public right-of-way shall have a minimum clearance of sixteen feet six inches and providing further that nothing herein shall be construed to relieve any such grantee or lessee of such airspace of the liability for negligence on their part. No such ordinance shall be adopted until the governing body has held a public hearing thereon after public notice as provided in § 15.2-2204. In addition, in those public rights-of-way in which the Commonwealth has a prescriptive easement for maintenance and public travel, the airspace shall be conveyed or leased only with the consent, in writing, of the Commissioner of Highways.

Should the construction of any building or structure in any such airspace require the relocation of any utility, the cost of such relocation shall be borne by the grantee or lessee.

1964, c. 373, § 15.1-376.1; 1966, c. 44; 1970, c. 570; 1979, c. 431; 1997, c. 587.

The chapters of the acts of assembly referenced in the historical citation at the end of these sections may not constitute a comprehensive list of such chapters and may exclude chapters whose provisions have expired.

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