Code of Virginia

Code of Virginia
Title 45.1. Mines and Mining

Article 6. Surface Equipment.

§ 45.1-161.268. Haulage and mobile equipment; operating condition.

A. All mobile equipment shall be maintained in a safe operating condition.

B. Positive-acting stopblocks shall be used where necessary to protect persons from danger of moving or runaway haulage equipment.

C. Where it is necessary for men to cross conveyors regularly, suitable crossing facilities shall be provided.

D. Persons shall not get on or off moving equipment.

E. When the equipment operator is present, persons shall notify him before getting on or off mobile equipment.

F. Mobile equipment shall not be left unattended unless brakes are set. Mobile equipment with wheels or tracks, when parked on a grade, shall either be blocked or turned into a bank unless the lowering of the bucket or blade to the ground will prevent movement.

G. Persons shall not work on or from a piece of mobile equipment in a raised position unless the equipment is specifically designed to lift persons.

H. Water, debris or spilled materials which may create hazards to moving equipment shall be removed.

I. Where seating facilities are provided on self-propelled mobile equipment, the operator shall be seated before such equipment is moved. No person shall be allowed to ride on top of self-propelled mobile equipment.

J. Operators of self-propelled haulage equipment shall sound a warning before starting such equipment and as approaching any place where persons are or are likely to be.

K. Each man-trip shall be under the charge of an authorized person, and operated independently.

L. Operator provided man-trips shall be maintained in safe operating condition, and enough of them shall be provided to prevent their being overloaded.

M. Employees shall not board or leave moving man-trips; they shall remain seated while in moving cars, and shall proceed in an orderly manner to and from man-trips.

Code 1950, §§ 45-69.1 to 45-69.3, 45-69.5; 1954, c. 191; 1966, c. 594, §§ 45.1-71 to 45.1-74; 1979, c. 315; 1983, c. 70; 1985, cc. 296, 302; 1994, c. 28.

§ 45.1-161.269. Equipment operation.

A. Equipment operating speeds, conditions and characteristics shall be prudent and consistent with conditions of roadway, grades, clearance, visibility, traffic, type and use of equipment.

B. Vehicles shall follow at a safe distance; passing shall be limited to areas of adequate clearance and visibility.

C. Mobile equipment shall be operated under power control at all times and mobile equipment operators shall have full control of the equipment while in motion.

D. Before starting or moving equipment, an equipment operator must be certain by signal or other means that all persons are clear.

1994, c. 28; 1999, c. 256.

§ 45.1-161.270. Safety measures on equipment.

A. Rubber tired or crawler mounted equipment shall have rollover protective structures to the extent required by 30 CFR 77.403a.

B. Seat belts provided in mobile equipment shall be maintained in safe working condition. Operators of such equipment shall wear seat belts when the equipment is in motion.

C. Mobile equipment shall be equipped with adequate brakes and parking brakes.

D. Cab windows shall be of safety design, kept in good condition and clean for adequate visibility.

E. Tires shall be deflated before repairs on them are started and adequate means shall be provided to prevent wheel locking rims from creating a hazard during tire inflation.

F. An audible warning device and headlights shall be provided on all self-propelled mobile equipment.

G. An automatic backup alarm, that is audible above surrounding noise levels, shall be provided on all mobile equipment. An automatic reverse-activated strobe light may be substituted for an audible alarm when mobile equipment is operated at night.

H. All equipment raised for repairs or other work shall be securely blocked prior to persons positioning themselves where the falling of such equipment could create a hazardous condition.

Code 1950, § 45-69.1; 1954, c. 191; 1966, c. 594, § 45.1-73; 1979, c. 315; 1983, c. 70; 1985, c. 302; 1994, c. 28; 1996, c. 774; 1999, c. 256; 2005, c. 3.

§ 45.1-161.271. Transportation of personnel.

No person shall be permitted to ride or be otherwise transported on or in: (i) dippers, shovels, buckets, forks and clamshells, (ii) the cargo space of dump trucks, (iii) outside cabs or beds of heavy equipment, or (iv) chain, belt or bucket conveyors unless specifically designed to transport persons.

1994, c. 28.

§ 45.1-161.272. Lighting.

A. Lights shall be provided as needed, in or on surface structures.

B. Roads, paths and walks outside of surface structures shall be kept free from obstructions and shall be well illuminated if used at night.

1966, c. 594, § 45.1-38; 1994, c. 28.

§ 45.1-161.273. Shop and other equipment.

A. The following shall be guarded and maintained adequately:

1. Gears, sprockets, pulleys, fan blades or propellers, friction devices and couplings with protruding bolts or nuts.

2. Shafting and projecting shaft ends that are within seven feet of floor or platform level.

3. Belt, chain or rope drives that are within seven feet of floor or platform.

4. Fly wheels. Where fly wheels extend more than seven feet above the floor, they shall be guarded to a height of at least seven feet.

5. Circular and band saws and planers.

6. Repair pits. Guards shall be kept in place when the pits are not in use.

7. Counterweights.

8. Mine fans. The approach shall be guarded.

9. Lighting and other electrical equipment that may cause shock hazards or personal injury.

B. Machinery shall not be repaired or oiled while in motion; provided, however, that this shall not apply where safe remote oiling devices are used.

C. A guard or safety device removed from any machine shall be replaced before the machine is put in operation.

D. Mechanically operated grinding wheels shall be equipped with:

1. Safety washers and tool rests.

2. Substantial retaining hoods, the hood opening of which shall not expose more than a 90 degree sector of the wheel. Such hoods shall include a device to control and collect excess rock, metal or dust particles, or equivalent protection shall be provided to the employees operating such machinery.

3. Eyeshields, unless goggles are worn by the operators.

E. The operator or his agent shall develop procedures for examining for potential hazards, completing proper maintenance, and properly operating each type of centrifugal pump. The procedures shall, at a minimum, address the manufacturers' recommendations for start-up and shutdown of the pumps, proper actions to be taken when a pump is suspected of overheating, safe location of start and stop switches, and actions to be taken when signs of structural metal fatigue such as cracks in the frame, damaged cover mounting brackets, or missing bolts or other components are detected. All miners who repair, maintain, or operate such pumps shall be trained in these procedures.

Code 1950, § 45-85.3; 1954, c. 191; 1966, c. 594, § 45.1-88; 1978, c. 118; 1994, c. 28; 2005, c. 3.

§ 45.1-161.274. Hydraulic hoses.

All hydraulic hoses used on equipment purchased after January 1, 1986, shall be clearly stamped or labeled by the hydraulic hose manufacturer to indicate the manufacturer's rated pressure in pounds per square inch (psi). For hoses purchased after January 1, 1989, the rated pressure shall be permanently affixed on the outer surface of the hose and repeated at least every two feet. Hoses purchased and installed on automatic displacement hydraulic systems shall have a four-to-one safety factor based on the ratio between minimum burst pressure and the setting of the hydraulic unloading system (such as a relief valve) or shall meet the minimum hose pressure requirements set by the hydraulic equipment manufacturer per the applicable hose standards for each type of equipment. No hydraulic hose shall be used in an application where the hydraulic unloading system is set higher than the hose's rated pressure.

1985, c. 612, § 45.1-88.1; 1988, c. 301; 1994, c. 28.

The chapters of the acts of assembly referenced in the historical citation at the end of these sections may not constitute a comprehensive list of such chapters and may exclude chapters whose provisions have expired.

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