Code of Virginia

Code of Virginia
Title 45.1. Mines and Mining

Article 7. Travelways, Loading and Haulage Areas.

§ 45.1-161.275. Stairways, platforms, runways and floor openings.

A. Stairways, platforms, and runways shall be provided where men work or travel.

B. Stairways, elevated platforms, floor openings and elevated runways shall be equipped with suitable handrails or guardrails.

C. Elevated platforms, floor openings, stairways and runways shall be provided with toe boards. Platforms, stairways and runways shall be kept clear of stumbling and slipping hazards and maintained in good repair.

Code 1950, § 45-85.7; 1954, c. 191; 1966, c. 594, § 45.1-36; 1978, c. 729; 1994, c. 28.

§ 45.1-161.276. Loading and haulage work area requirements.

A. Ramps and dumps shall be of solid construction, ample width, ample clearance and head room and shall be kept reasonably free of spillage.

B. Berms or guards shall be provided on the outer bank of elevated haulage roads. Berms constructed on or after July 1, 2005, shall be constructed of substantial material to the mid-axle height of the largest vehicle regularly used on the haulage road. The width and height of the berm shall be constructed on a two-to-one ratio when constructed of unconsolidated material. Other no-less effective methods may be used for berms.

C. Berms, bumper blocks, safety hooks or similar means shall be provided to prevent overtravel and overturning at dump stations.

D. Dumping locations and haulage roads shall be kept reasonably free of water, debris and spillage. Water, debris or spilled material that creates hazards to moving equipment shall be removed.

E. Haulage roads constructed on or after July 1, 2005, shall be constructed at least one and one-half times the width of the widest equipment in use, and those haulage roads used for passing shall be constructed at least three times the width of the widest equipment in use. In areas where this may not be possible, the foreman shall establish procedures for safe travel of haulage vehicles.

F. Traffic rules, signals, and warning signs shall be standardized at each mine and posted. This shall include, but not be limited to, rules for the travel of on-road vehicles operating near off-road haulers in work areas.

G. Dumping stations where material is dumped over an embankment shall be designed to minimize backing and, where conditions permit, to provide for perpendicular travel to allow the equipment operator to observe the dumping station for changing conditions prior to backing. Reflectorized signs, strobe lights, or other available means shall be used to clearly indicate dumping locations. This subsection shall not apply to dumping stations (i) that are moved after each dumped load as mining progresses, (ii) where spotters are being used, or (iii) where loads are dumped short and pushed over the embankment. Dump stations that may interfere with haulroads or work areas below shall be clearly marked with signs to prevent further dumping, unless other effective precautions are taken to protect haulroads or work areas below the dump station.

Code 1950, § 45-85.7; 1954, c. 191; 1966, c. 594, § 45.1-36; 1978, c. 729; 1994, c. 28; 1996, c. 774; 2005, c. 3; 2010, cc. 809, 857.

§ 45.1-161.277. Equipment operation.

A. If truck spotters are used, they shall be well in the clear while trucks are backing into dumping position and dumping. Truck spotters shall use lights at night to direct backing and dumping operations.

B. Dippers, buckets, scraper blades and similar movable parts shall be secured or lowered to the ground when not in use.

C. Equipment which is to be hauled shall be loaded and protected so as to prevent sliding or spillage. When moving between work areas the equipment shall be secured in the travel position.

D. Tow bars shall be used to tow heavy equipment and a safety chain shall be used in conjunction with each tow bar.

E. Dust control measures shall be taken so as to not obstruct visibility of equipment operators.

F. Dippers, buckets, loading booms, or other heavy loads shall not be swung over cabs of haulage equipment until the driver is out of the cab and is in a safe location unless the equipment is designed specifically to protect drivers from falling material.

G. Lights, flares, or other warning devices shall be posted when parked equipment creates a hazard for other vehicles.

1994, c. 28; 2005, c. 3.

The chapters of the acts of assembly referenced in the historical citation at the end of these sections may not constitute a comprehensive list of such chapters and may exclude chapters whose provisions have expired.

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