Code of Virginia

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Code of Virginia
Title 58.1. Taxation
Chapter 9. Virginia Estate Tax
1/16/2021

Article 4. Recapture Tax on Certain Use-Valuations.

§ 58.1-931. Imposition of tax.

A. When the gross estate of a decedent at the date of death is of such value as to require filing a federal estate tax return and such estate contains certain farm or business real property which qualified for valuation under § 2032A of the Internal Revenue Code, and such property has been valued in the manner provided in § 2032A for the tax imposed under this chapter, a copy of the election made at the time of filing the federal estate tax return shall be attached to the Virginia estate tax return when filed. Such return shall also include an agreement signed by each person in being having an interest, whether or not in possession, in such property and consent to the application of § 2032A of the Internal Revenue Code.

B. If, within fifteen years after the decedent's death and before the death of the qualified heir, as defined in § 2032A(e)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code, a qualified heir disposes of any interest in the property, other than to a member of his family, as defined in subsection (e)(2) of such section, or ceases to use such property for qualified uses as defined in subsection (b) (2) of such section, there is hereby imposed an additional Virginia estate tax, computed as provided in subsection (c) of § 2032A of the Internal Revenue Code.

Code 1950, § 58-238.38; 1981, c. 399; 1984, c. 675.

§ 58.1-932. Qualified heir personally liable.

The qualified heir shall be personally liable for the additional tax imposed under § 58.1-931. The amount of the adjusted tax difference attributable to an interest in any qualified property, computed in the same manner as provided in subsection (c)(2)(C) of § 2032A of the Internal Revenue Code, shall be a lien on such interest in the property in favor of the Commonwealth. Such lien shall arise at the time the election is filed hereunder and shall continue until:

1. The liability for tax under § 58.1-931 attributable to such interest has been satisfied or has become unenforceable by lapse of time; or

2. It is established to the satisfaction of the Commissioner that no further tax liability attributable to such interest may arise under § 58.1-931.

Code 1950, § 58-238.38; 1981, c. 399; 1984, c. 675.

§ 58.1-933. Notice of disposition or change in use of property.

Any qualified heir is required to notify the Commissioner, on a form prescribed by the Commissioner, of any disposition or change in use of the property and pay any additional Virginia estate tax resulting from such disposition or change, within six months of such disposition or change. Notwithstanding any other provision of law prescribing limitations, any tax imposed under § 58.1-931 may be assessed until the expiration of three years from the date of such notification.

Code 1950, § 58-238.38; 1981, c. 399; 1984, c. 675.

§ 58.1-934. Purpose.

The purpose of this article is to recapture the excess of the estate tax liability which would have been incurred had the special use valuation procedure not been used; in other words, the maximum additional recapture tax is the amount that the special valuation has saved the estate.

Code 1950, § 58-238.38; 1981, c. 399; 1984, c. 675.