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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 14. Insurance
Agency 5. State Corporation Commission, Bureau of Insurance
Chapter 200. Rules Governing Long-Term Care Insurance
10/22/2020

14VAC5-200-185. Nonforfeiture Benefit Requirement.

A. This section does not apply to life insurance policies or riders containing accelerated long-term care benefits.

B. To comply with the requirement to offer a nonforfeiture benefit pursuant to the provisions of § 38.2-5210 of the Code of Virginia:

1. A policy or certificate offered with nonforfeiture benefits shall have coverage elements, eligibility, benefit triggers and benefit length that are the same as coverage to be issued without nonforfeiture benefits. The nonforfeiture benefit included in the offer shall be the benefit described in subsection E of this section; and

2. The offer shall be in writing if the nonforfeiture benefit is not otherwise described in the Outline of Coverage or other materials given to the prospective policyholder.

When a group long-term care insurance policy is issued, the offer required in § 38.2-5210 of the Code of Virginia shall be made to the group policyholder. However, if the policy is issued as group long-term care insurance as defined in § 38.2-3522.1 of the Code of Virginia other than to a continuing care retirement community or other similar entity, the offer shall be made to each proposed certificateholder.

C. If the offer required to be made under § 38.2-5210 of the Code of Virginia is rejected, the insurer shall provide the contingent benefit upon lapse described in this section. Even if this offer is accepted for a policy with a fixed or limited premium paying period, the contingent benefit upon lapse in subdivision D 4 of this section shall still apply.

D. 1. After rejection of the offer required under § 38.2-5210 of the Code of Virginia, for individual and group policies without nonforfeiture benefits, the insurer shall provide a contingent benefit upon lapse.

2. In the event a group policyholder elects to make the nonforfeiture benefit an option to the certificateholder, a certificate shall provide either the nonforfeiture benefit or the contingent benefit upon lapse.

3. A contingent benefit upon lapse shall be triggered every time an insurer increases the premium rates to a level which results in a cumulative increase of the annual premium equal to or exceeding the percentage of the insured's initial annual premium set forth below based on the insured's issue age, and the policy or certificate lapses within 120 days of the due date of the premium so increased. Unless otherwise required, policyholders shall be notified at least 75 days prior to the due date of the premium reflecting the rate increase.

Triggers for a Substantial Premium Increase

Issue Age

Percent Increase
Over Initial Premium

54 and under

100%

55‑59

90%

60

70%

61

66%

62

62%

63

58%

64

54%

65

50%

66

48%

67

46%

68

44%

69

42%

70

40%

71

38%

72

36%

73

34%

74

32%

75

30%

76

28%

77

26%

78

24%

79

22%

80

20%

81

19%

82

18%

83

17%

84

16%

85

15%

86

14%

87

13%

88

12%

89

11%

90 and over

10%

4. A contingent benefit on lapse shall also be triggered for policies with a fixed or limited premium paying period every time an insurer increases the premium rates to a level that results in a cumulative increase of the annual premium equal to or exceeding the percentage of the insured's initial annual premium set forth below based on the insured's issue age, the policy or certificate lapses within 120 days of the due date of the premium so increased, and the ratio in subdivision 6 b of this subsection is 40% or more. Unless otherwise required, policyholders shall be notified at least 75 days prior to the due date of the premium reflecting the rate increase.

Triggers for a Substantial Premium Increase

Issue Age

Percent Increase
Over Initial Premium

Under 65

50%

65-80

30%

Over 80

10%

This provision shall be in addition to the contingent benefit provided by subdivision 3 of this subsection, and where both are triggered, the benefit provided shall be at the option of the insured.

5. On or before the effective date of a substantial premium increase as defined in subdivision 3 of this subsection, the insurer shall:

a. Offer to reduce policy benefits provided by the current coverage consistent with 14VAC5-200-183 so that required premium payments are not increased;

b. Offer to convert the coverage to a paid-up status with a shortened benefit period in accordance with the terms of subsection E of this section. This option may be elected at any time during the 120-day period referenced in subdivision 3 of this subsection; and

c. Notify the policyholder or certificateholder that a default or lapse at any time during the 120-day period referenced in subdivision 3 of this subsection shall be deemed to be the election of the offer to convert in subdivision 5 b of this subsection unless the automatic option in subdivision 6 c of this subsection applies.

6. On or before the effective date of a substantial premium increase as defined in subdivision 4 of this subsection, the insurer shall:

a. Offer to reduce policy benefits provided by the current coverage consistent with the requirements of 14VAC5-200-183 so that required premium payments are not increased;

b. Offer to convert the coverage to a paid-up status where the amount payable for each benefit is 90% of the amount payable in effect immediately prior to lapse times the ratio of the number of completed months of paid premiums divided by the number of months in the premium paying period. This option may be elected at any time during the 120-day period referenced in subdivision 4 of this subsection; and

c. Notify the policyholder or certificateholder that a default or lapse at any time during the 120-day period referenced in subdivision 4 of this subsection shall be deemed to be the election of the offer to convert in subdivision 6 b of this subsection if the ratio is 40% or more.

7. In the event the policy was issued at least 20 years prior to the effective date of the premium rate increase, a value of 0% shall be used in place of all values in the tables in subdivision 3 or 4 of this subsection.

E. Benefits continued as nonforfeiture benefits, including contingent benefits upon lapse in accordance with subdivision D 3 but not subdivision D 4 of this section, are described in this subsection:

1. For purposes of this subsection, attained age rating is defined as a schedule of premiums starting from the issue date which increases age at least 1.0% per year prior to age 50, and at least 3.0% per year at age 50 and beyond.

2. For purposes of this subsection, the nonforfeiture benefit shall be of a shortened benefit period providing paid-up long-term care insurance coverage after lapse. The same benefits (amounts and frequency in effect at the time of lapse but not increased thereafter) will be payable for a qualifying claim, but the lifetime maximum dollars or days of benefits shall be determined as specified in subdivision 3 of this subsection.

3. The standard nonforfeiture credit will be equal to 100% of the sum of all premiums paid, including the premiums paid prior to any changes in benefits. The insurer may offer additional shortened benefit period options as long as the benefits for each duration equal or exceed the standard nonforfeiture credit for that duration. However, the minimum nonforfeiture credit shall not be less than 30 times the daily nursing home benefit at the time of lapse. In either event, the calculation of the nonforfeiture credit is subject to the limitation of subsection F of this section.

4. a. The nonforfeiture benefit shall begin not later than the end of the third year following the policy or certificate issue date. The contingent benefit upon lapse shall be effective during the first three years as well as thereafter.

b. Notwithstanding subdivision 4 a of this subsection, except that for a policy or certificate with a contingent benefit upon lapse or a policy or certificate with attained age rating, the nonforfeiture benefit shall begin on the earlier of: (i) the end of the tenth year following the policy or certificate issue date; or (ii) the end of the second year following the date the policy or certificate is no longer subject to attained age rating.

5. Nonforfeiture credits may be used for all care and services qualifying for benefits under the terms of the policy or certificate, up to the limits specified in the policy or certificate.

F. All benefits paid by the insurer while the policy or certificate is in premium paying status and in the paid-up status will not exceed the maximum benefits which would be payable if the policy or certificate had remained in premium paying status.

G. There shall be no difference in the minimum nonforfeiture benefits as required under this section for group and individual policies.

H. Premiums charged for a policy or certificate containing nonforfeiture benefits or a contingent benefit on lapse shall be subject to the loss ratio requirements of 14VAC5-200-150, 14VAC5-200-153, or 14VAC5-200-154, whichever is applicable, treating the policy as a whole.

I. To determine whether contingent nonforfeiture upon lapse provisions are triggered under subdivision D 3 or D 4 of this section, a replacing insurer that purchased or otherwise assumed a block or blocks of long-term care insurance policies from another insurer shall calculate the percentage increase based on the initial annual premium paid by the insured when the policy was first purchased from the original insurer.

J. A nonforfeiture benefit for qualified long-term care insurance contracts that are level premium contracts shall be offered that meets the following requirements:

1. The nonforfeiture provision shall be appropriately captioned;

2. The nonforfeiture provision shall provide a benefit available in the event of a default in the payment of any premiums and shall state that the amount of the benefit may be adjusted subsequent to being initially granted only as necessary to reflect changes in claims, persistency and interest as reflected in changes in rates for premium paying contracts approved by the commission for the same contract form; and

3. The nonforfeiture provision shall provide at least one of the following:

a. Reduced paid-up insurance;

b. Extended term insurance;

c. Shortened benefit period; or

d. Other similar offerings approved by the commission.

Statutory Authority

§§ 12.1-13, 38.2-223 and 38.2-5202 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Volume 17, Issue 04, eff. December 1, 2000; amended, Virginia Register Volume 23, Issue 17, eff. September 1, 2007; Volume 24, Issue 15, eff. April 1, 2008; Volume 31, Issue 18, eff. September 1, 2015.

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