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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 14. Insurance
Agency 5. State Corporation Commission, Bureau of Insurance
Chapter 200. Rules Governing Long-Term Care Insurance
1/24/2020

14VAC5-200-150. Premium Rate Increases for Policies Issued Before October 1, 2003.

A. This section applies to any premium rate increase filed with the commission on or after September 1, 2015, for any long-term care insurance policy issued in this Commonwealth before October 1, 2003.

B. Benefits under long-term care insurance policies shall be deemed reasonable in relation to premiums provided the expected loss ratio is the greater of 60% or the lifetime loss ratio used in the original pricing applied to the current rate schedule plus: (i) 80% applied to any premium rate increase for individual policy forms or (ii) 75% applied to any premium rate increase on group policy forms.

In evaluating the expected loss ratio, due consideration shall be given to all relevant factors, including:

1. Statistical credibility of incurred claims experience and earned premiums;

2. The period for which rates are computed to provide coverage;

3. Experienced and projected trends;

4. Concentration of experience within early policy duration;

5. Expected claim fluctuation;

6. Experience refunds, adjustments or dividends;

7. Renewability features;

8. All appropriate expense factors;

9. Interest;

10. Experimental nature of the coverage;

11. Policy reserves;

12. Mix of business by risk classification; and

13. Product features such as long elimination periods, high deductibles and high maximum limits.

Notwithstanding the provisions of 14VAC5-130-50 with regard to interest, demonstrations of loss ratios shall be made in compliance with the Rules Governing the Filing of Rates for Individual and Certain Group Accident and Sickness Insurance Policy Forms (14VAC5-130). All present and accumulated values used to determine rate increases, including the lifetime loss ratio used in the original pricing, shall use the maximum valuation interest rate for contract reserves as specified in § 38.2-1371 of the Code of Virginia.

C. Any insurer may request a series of scheduled rate increases that are actuarially equivalent to a single amount requested over the lifetime of the policy. The entire series may be approved at one time as part of the current rate increase filing.

D. As a condition of approval of a rate increase for a block of business for which the contingent benefit upon lapse is not otherwise required, a contingent benefit upon lapse provision will be required in accordance with 14VAC5-200-185 D. If the rate increase is approved in a series of scheduled rate increases and the sum of all scheduled rate increases will trigger the offering of a contingent benefit upon lapse, the insurer shall be required to include contingent benefit upon lapse at the time of each scheduled increase.

E. All submissions shall include information required by 14VAC5-200-75.

F. Subsection B of this section shall not apply to life insurance policies that accelerate benefits for long-term care. A life insurance policy that funds long-term care benefits entirely by accelerating the death benefit is considered to provide reasonable benefits in relation to premiums paid, if the policy complies with all of the following provisions:

1. The interest credited internally to determine cash value accumulations, including long-term care, if any, are guaranteed not to be less than the minimum guaranteed interest rate for cash value accumulations without long-term care set forth in the policy;

2. The portion of the policy that provides life insurance benefits meets the nonforfeiture requirements of Chapter 32 (§ 38.2-3200 et seq.) of Title 38.2 of the Code of Virginia;

3. If an application for a long-term care insurance contract or certificate is approved, the issuer shall deliver the contract or certificate of insurance to the applicant no later than 30 days after the date of approval;

4. At the time of policy delivery, a policy summary shall be delivered for an individual life insurance policy that provides long-term care benefits within the policy or by rider. In the case of direct response solicitations, the insurer shall deliver the policy summary upon the applicant's request, but regardless of request shall make delivery no later than at the time of policy delivery. In addition to complying with all applicable requirements, the summary shall also include:

a. An explanation of how the long-term care benefit interacts with other components of the policy, including deductions from death benefits;

b. An illustration of the amount of benefits, the length of benefit, and the guaranteed lifetime benefits, if any, for each covered person;

c. Any exclusions, reductions and limitations on benefits of long-term care;

d. A statement that any long-term care inflation protection option required by 14VAC5-200-100 is not available under this policy;

e. If applicable to the policy type, the summary shall also include:

(1) A disclosure of the effects of exercising other rights under the policy;

(2) A disclosure of guarantees related to long-term care costs of insurance charges; and

(3) Current and projected maximum lifetime benefits; and

f. The provisions of the policy summary listed above may be incorporated into a basic illustration or into the life insurance policy summary;

5. Any time a long-term care benefit, funded through a life insurance vehicle by the acceleration of the death benefit, is in benefit payment status, a monthly report shall be provided to the policyholder. The report shall include:

a. Any long-term care benefits paid out during the month;

b. An explanation of any changes in the policy (e.g., death benefits or cash values) due to long-term care benefits being paid out; and

c. The amount of long-term care benefits existing or remaining;

6. Any policy illustration that meets the applicable requirements of 14VAC5-41; and

7. An actuarial memorandum is filed with the Bureau of Insurance that includes:

a. A description of the basis on which the long-term care rates were determined;

b. A description of the basis for the reserves;

c. A summary of the type of policy, benefits, renewability, general marketing method, and limits on ages of issuance;

d. A description and a table of each actuarial assumption used. For expenses, an insurer must include percentage of premium dollars per policy and dollars per unit of benefits, if any;

e. A description and a table of the anticipated policy reserves and additional reserves to be held in each future year for active lives;

f. The estimated average annual premium per policy and the average issue age;

g. A statement as to whether underwriting is performed at the time of application. The statement shall indicate whether underwriting is used and, if used, the statement shall include a description of the type or types of underwriting used, such as medical underwriting or functional assessment underwriting. Concerning a group policy, the statement shall indicate whether the enrollee or any dependent will be underwritten and when underwriting occurs; and

h. A description of the effect of the long-term care policy provision on the required premiums, nonforfeiture values and reserves on the underlying life insurance policy, both for active lives and those in long-term care claim status.

Statutory Authority

§§ 12.1-13, 38.2-223 and 38.2-5202 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Regulation 40, Case No. INS910239, § 16, eff. January 1, 1992; amended, Volume 17, Issue 04, eff. December 1, 2000; Volume 19, Issue 12, eff. April 1, 2003; Volume 31, Issue 18, eff. September 1, 2015.

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