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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 14. Insurance
Agency 5. State Corporation Commission, Bureau of Insurance
Chapter 200. Rules Governing Long-Term Care Insurance
7/11/2020

14VAC5-200-60. Policy Practices and Provisions.

A. Renewability. The terms "guaranteed renewable" and "noncancellable" shall not be used in any individual long-term care insurance policy without further explanatory language in accordance with the disclosure requirements of 14VAC5-200-70.

1. A policy issued to an individual shall not contain renewal provisions other than "guaranteed renewable" or " noncancellable."

2. The term "guaranteed renewable" may be used only when the insured has the right to continue the long-term care insurance in force by the timely payment of premiums and when the insurer has no unilateral right to make any change in any provision of the policy or rider while the insurance is in force, and cannot decline to renew, except that rates may be revised by the insurer on a class basis.

3. The term "noncancellable" may be used only when the insured has the right to continue the long-term care insurance in force by the timely payment of premiums during which period the insurer has no unilateral right to make any change in any provision of the insurance or in the premium rate.

4. The term "level premium" may only be used when the insurer does not have the right to change the premium.

5. In addition to the other requirements of this subsection, a qualified long-term care insurance contract shall be guaranteed renewable within the meaning of § 7702B (b)(1)(C) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

B. Limitations and exclusions. A policy may not be delivered or issued for delivery in this Commonwealth as long-term care insurance if such policy limits or excludes coverage by type of illness, treatment, medical condition or accident, except as follows:

1. Preexisting conditions or diseases, subject to subsection B of § 38.2-5204 of the Code of Virginia.

2. Mental or nervous disorders; however, this shall not permit exclusion or limitation of benefits on the basis of Alzheimer's Disease, senile dementia, organic brain disorder or other similar diagnoses.

3. Alcoholism and drug addiction.

4. Illness, treatment or medical condition arising out of:

a. War or act of war (whether declared or undeclared);

b. Participation in a felony, riot or insurrection;

c. Service in the armed forces or units auxiliary thereto;

d. Suicide (sane or insane), attempted suicide or intentionally self-inflicted injury; or

e. Aviation (this exclusion applies only to nonfare-paying passengers).

5. Treatment provided in a government facility (unless otherwise required by law), services for which benefits are available under Medicare or other governmental program (except Medicaid), any state or federal workers' compensation, employer's liability or occupational disease law, or any motor vehicle no-fault law, services provided by a member of the covered person's immediate family and services for which no charge is normally made in the absence of insurance.

6. Expenses for services or items available or paid under another long-term care insurance or health insurance policy.

7. In the case of a qualified long-term care insurance contract, expenses for services or items to the extent that the expenses are reimbursable under Title XVIII of the Social Security Act or would be so reimbursable but for the application of a deductible or coinsurance amount.

8. a. This subsection is not intended to prohibit exclusions and limitations by type of provider. However, no long-term care issuer may deny a claim because services are provided in a state other than the state of policy issued under the following conditions:

(1) When the state other than the state of policy issue does not have the provider licensing, certification or registration required in the policy, but where the provider satisfies the policy requirements outlined for providers in lieu of licensure, certification or registration; or

(2) When the state other than the state of policy issue licenses, certifies or registers the provider under another name.

b. For purposes of this section, "state of policy issue" means the state in which the individual policy or certificate was originally issued.

9. This subsection is not intended to prohibit territorial limitations.

C. Extension of benefits. Termination of long-term care insurance shall be without prejudice to any benefits payable for institutionalization if such institutionalization began while the long-term care insurance was in force and continues without interruption after termination. Such extension of benefits beyond the period the long-term care insurance was in force may be limited to the duration of the benefit period, if any, or to payment of the maximum benefits and may be subject to any policy waiting period, and all other applicable provisions of the policy.

D. Continuation or conversion.

1. Group long-term care insurance issued in this Commonwealth shall provide covered individuals with a basis for continuation of coverage or a basis for conversion of coverage.

2. For the purposes of this chapter, "a basis for continuation of coverage" means a policy provision which maintains coverage under the existing group policy when such coverage would otherwise terminate and is subject only to the continued timely payment of premium when due. Group policies which restrict provision of benefits and services to, or contain incentives to use, certain providers and/or facilities may provide continuation benefits which are substantially equivalent to the benefits of the existing group policy. The substantial equivalency of benefits is subject to review by the commission, and in doing so, the commission shall take into consideration the differences between managed care and non-managed care plans, including, but not limited to, provider system arrangements, service availability, benefit levels and administrative complexity.

3. For the purposes of this chapter, "a basis for conversion of coverage" means a policy provision stating that an individual whose coverage under the group policy would otherwise terminate or has been terminated for any reason, including discontinuance of the group policy in its entirety or with respect to an insured class, and who has been continuously insured under the group policy (and any group policy which it replaced) for at least six months immediately prior to termination, shall be entitled to the issuance of a converted policy by the insurer under whose group policy he or she is covered, without evidence of insurability.

4. For the purposes of this chapter, "converted policy" means an individual policy of long-term care insurance providing benefits identical to or benefits determined by the commission to be substantially equivalent to or in excess of those provided under the group policy from which conversion is made. Where the group policy from which conversion is made restricts provision of benefits and services to, or contains incentives to use, certain providers and/or facilities, the insurer, in making a determination as to the substantial equivalency of benefits, shall take into consideration the differences between managed care and non-managed care plans, including, but not limited to, provider system arrangements, service availability, benefit levels and administrative complexity. The determination of substantial equivalency is subject to review by the commission.

5. Written application for the converted policy shall be made and the first premium due, if any, shall be paid as directed by the insurer not later than 31 days after termination of coverage under the group policy. The converted policy shall be issued effective on the day following the termination of coverage under the group policy and shall be renewable annually.

6. Unless the group policy from which conversion is made replaced previous group coverage, the premium for the converted policy shall be calculated on the basis of the insured's age at inception of coverage under the group policy from which conversion is made. Where the group policy from which conversion is made replaced previous group coverage, the premium for the converted policy shall be calculated on the basis of the insured's age at inception of coverage under the initial group policy replaced.

7. Continuation of coverage or issuance of a converted policy shall be mandatory, except where:

a. Termination of group coverage resulted from an individual's failure to make any required payment of premium or contribution when due; or

b. The terminating coverage is replaced, as to an individual insured, not later than 31 days after termination, by group coverage effective on the day following the termination of coverage:

(1) Providing benefits identical to or benefits substantially equivalent to or in excess of those provided by the terminating coverage; and

(2) The premium for which is calculated in a manner consistent with the requirements of subdivision 6 of this subsection. The determination of substantial equivalency is subject to review by the commission.

8. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a converted policy issued to an individual who at the time of conversion is covered by another long-term care insurance policy which provides benefits on the basis of incurred expenses may contain a provision which results in a reduction of benefits payable if the benefits provided under the additional coverage, together with the full benefits provided by the converted policy, would result in payment of more than 100% of incurred expenses. Such provision shall only be included in the converted policy if the converted policy also provides for a premium decrease or refund which reflects the reduction in benefits payable.

9. The converted policy may provide that the benefits payable under the converted policy, together with the benefits payable under the group policy from which conversion is made, shall not exceed those that would have been payable had the individual's coverage under the group policy remained in force and effect.

10. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, any insured individual whose eligibility for group long-term care coverage is based upon his or her relationship to another person shall be entitled to continuation of coverage under the group policy upon termination of the qualifying relationship by death or dissolution of marriage.

11. For the purposes of this chapter, a "Managed Care Plan" is a health care or assisted living arrangement designed to coordinate patient care or control costs through utilization review, case management or use of specific provider networks.

E. Discontinuance and replacement. If a group long-term care policy is replaced by another group long-term care policy issued to the same policyholder, the succeeding insurer shall offer coverage to all persons covered under the previous group policy on its date of termination. Coverage provided or offered to individuals by the insurer and premiums charged to persons under the new group policy:

1. Shall not result in any exclusion for preexisting conditions that would have been covered under the group policy being replaced; and

2. Shall not vary or otherwise depend on the individual's health or disability status, claim experience or use of long-term care services.

F. Premium increases.

1. The premium charged to an insured shall not increase due to either:

a. The increasing age of the insured at ages beyond age 65; or

b. The duration the insured has been covered under the policy.

2. The purchase of additional coverage shall not be considered a premium rate increase, but for purposes of the calculation required under 14VAC5-200-185, the portion of the premium attributable to the additional coverage shall be added to and considered part of the initial annual premium.

3. A reduction in benefits shall not be considered a premium change, but for purposes of the calculation under 14VAC5-200-185, the initial annual premium shall be based on the reduced benefits.

G. Prior hospitalization. In addition to the provisions of § 38.2-5205 of the Code of Virginia, no long-term care insurance policy may be delivered or issued for delivery in the Commonwealth if the policy conditions eligibility for any benefits other than waiver of premium, post-confinement, post-acute care or recuperative benefits on a prior institutionalization requirement.

Statutory Authority

§§ 12.1-13 and 38.2-223 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Regulation 40, Case No. INS910239, § 7, eff. January 1, 1992; amended, Volume 17, Issue 04, eff. December 1, 2000; Volume 19, Issue 12, eff. April 1, 2003; Volume 23, Issue 17, eff. September 1, 2007.

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