Code of Virginia

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Code of Virginia
Title 55.1. Property and Conveyances
Chapter 31. Release of Specific Property from Judgment Liens

§ 55.1-3104. Liability for execution, filing, recording wrongful or erroneous certificate.

A. A certificate of release executed and filed or recorded wrongfully or erroneously by a settlement agent shall not relieve a party or his successor, assignee, or representative from obligation or liability for the debt or other obligations secured by the judgment lien.

B. A settlement agent who negligently executes and files or records an erroneous certificate of release shall be liable to the lien creditor for actual damages sustained due to the recording of such certificate of release. The minimum amount of such actual damages shall be the amount received by the owner of the property in the settlement and shall not exceed the outstanding balance of the unpaid judgment at the time of the sale of the property, plus attorney fees.

C. The procedure authorized by this chapter for the release of a judgment lien shall constitute an optional method of accomplishing a release of a judgment lien secured by property in the Commonwealth. The nonuse of the procedure authorized by this subsection for the release of a judgment lien shall not give rise to any liability or any cause of action whatsoever against a settlement agent by any obligated party or anyone succeeding to or assuming the interest of the obligated party.

2023, c. 550.

The chapters of the acts of assembly referenced in the historical citation at the end of this section may not constitute a comprehensive list of such chapters and may exclude chapters whose provisions have expired.