Code of Virginia

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Code of Virginia
Title 13.1. Corporations
Chapter 12. Virginia Limited Liability Company Act
10/28/2021

§ 13.1-1092. Relation of operating agreement, this article, and the other articles of this chapter.

A. Except as otherwise provided in this section and subject to §§ 13.1-1093 and 13.1-1094, the operating agreement of a series limited liability company governs:

1. The internal affairs of a protected series, including:

a. Relations among any associated members of the protected series;

b. Relations among the protected series and (i) any associated member of the protected series, (ii) any protected series manager, and (iii) any protected series assignee;

c. Relations between any associated member and (i) any protected series manager or (ii) any protected series assignee;

d. The rights and duties of a protected series manager;

e. Governance decisions affecting the activities and affairs of the protected series and the conduct of those activities and affairs; and

f. Procedures and conditions for becoming an associated member or protected series assignee;

2. The relations among the protected series of a series limited liability company, the series limited liability company, and any other protected series of the series limited liability company; and

3. Relations between:

a. The protected series, its protected series manager, any associated member of the protected series, or any protected series assignee of the protected series; and

b. A person in the person's capacity as:

(1) A member of the series limited liability company who is not an associated member of the protected series;

(2) A protected series assignee or protected series manager of another protected series; or

(3) An assignee of the series limited liability company.

B. If the provisions of this chapter other than in this article restrict the power of an operating agreement to affect a matter, the restriction applies to a matter under this article according to the rules stated in § 13.1-1094.

C. If the law of the Commonwealth other than this article contains a prohibition, limitation, requirement, condition, or other constraint pertaining to a limited liability company, a member, a manager, or other agent of the limited liability company, or an assignee of the limited liability company, except as otherwise provided in the law of the Commonwealth other than this article, the restriction applies according to the rules stated in § 13.1-1094.

D. Except as otherwise provided in § 13.1-1093, if the operating agreement of a series limited liability company does not provide for a matter described in subsection A in a manner permitted by this article, the matter is determined in accordance with the following rules:

1. To the extent that this article addresses the matter, this article governs; and

2. To the extent that this article does not address the matter, the provisions of this chapter other than in this article govern the matter according to the rules stated in § 13.1-1094.

2019, c. 636.

The chapters of the acts of assembly referenced in the historical citation at the end of this section may not constitute a comprehensive list of such chapters and may exclude chapters whose provisions have expired.