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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 5. Department of Health
Chapter 450. Rules and Regulations Governing Campgrounds
7/14/2020

12VAC5-450-187. Temporary Campgrounds.

Temporary campgrounds, as permitted under 12VAC5-450-40 F, shall be exempt from the following requirements of this chapter:

1. Density, size, and designation requirements of 12VAC5-450-70 B through D. However, temporary campgrounds shall establish a maximum number of campsites and campers. Temporary campground permit holders shall ensure that the size, location, and orientation of campsites do not prohibit the safe and timely evacuation of campsites in the event of an emergency, and that vehicular traffic routes and parking are located where they do not pose a safety risk to campers.

2. Permanent water supply requirements of 12VAC5-450-80.

a. If potable water is provided in the form of a waterworks or private well, then it must comply with 12VAC5-450-80 A, B, and D through I. If no piped water source is provided, then bottled water that complies with 21 CFR Part 129 shall be available, and the unavailability of piped water must be advertised to campers prior to the time of the temporary camping event.

b. Water may be transported in from a source that meets the requirements of 12VAC5-450-80 A. Water shall be transported in tanks of food-grade construction and maintain a one-parts-per-million chlorine residual. Any tanks, hoses, or appurtenances that are used to distribute water shall be of food-grade construction, be disinfected between uses, and be protected from contamination and backflow.

3. The dump station and slop sink requirements of 12VAC5-450-90 D, E, and G.

a. Greywater disposal barrels or approved equivalents shall be provided and serviced during the event unless all of the following conditions apply: (i) piped water is not available, (ii) portable showers and handwashing sinks are provided, and (iii) cooking and campfires are prohibited. Only water from cooking, washing, or bathing shall be disposed of in greywater barrels.

b. If self-contained camping units are present at the campground, a sewage handler shall be available to pump holding tanks as appropriate during the event. Sewage handlers must possess a valid sewage handling permit as required by 12VAC5-610 and any licensure required by the Board for Waterworks and Wastewater Works Operators and Onsite Sewage Professionals in accordance with that board's regulations (18VAC160-30 and 18VAC160-40) and Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia.

4. Permanent sanitary facility requirements in 12VAC5-450-100 A, B, and I. However, portable toilet facilities shall be provided at the ratio of at least one toilet for every 75 campers, and at least one toilet shall comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act (42 USC § 12101 et seq.). No campsite shall be farther than 500 feet from any portable toilet. Portable sinks and showers are not required, although hand sanitizer must be provided in all portable toilets where portable sinks are not provided. All portable units shall be serviced at least daily during the event unless the applicant can demonstrate that they are provided in numbers significant enough to warrant a reduced-maintenance service schedule. If the temporary campground has permanent bathroom facilities, facilities may count towards the required number of portable toilets. Campers who will be camping in self-contained camping units shall not be counted toward the total number of campers in calculating the required number of portable toilets.

Statutory Authority

§ 35.1-11 and 35.1-17 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Volume 35, Issue 05, eff. November 28, 2018.

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