Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code
6/27/2022

Part X. Board Authority and Standards of Conduct

18VAC48-45-720. Grounds for disciplinary action.

The board may revoke a registration that is not in compliance with any provision of the regulations of the board or the Virginia Real Estate Time-Share Act. Additional action may include issuance of a temporary cease and desist order, issuance of a cease and desist order, and bringing action in the appropriate circuit court to enjoin the acts or practices and to enforce compliance.

Statutory Authority

§§ 54.1-2349 and 55.1-2247 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 10, eff. March 1, 2016.

18VAC48-45-730. Registration required.

A. No developer or agent of a developer shall offer a time-share prior to the registration of the time-share program.

B. No developer or agent of a developer shall offer an alternative purchase prior to the registration of the alternative purchase by the developer.

C. No exchange company or agent of an exchange company shall offer an exchange program prior to the registration of the exchange program by the exchange company.

D. No time-share reseller or agent of a time-share reseller shall offer any resale services prior to the registration of the time-share reseller.

Statutory Authority

§§ 54.1-2349 and 55.1-2247 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 10, eff. March 1, 2016; amended, Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 3, eff. December 1, 2020.

18VAC48-45-740. Time-share advertising standards.

A. No promise, assertion, representation, or statement of fact or opinion in connection with a time-share marketing activity shall be made that is false, inaccurate, or misleading by reason of inclusion of an untrue statement of a material fact or omission of a statement of a material fact relative to the actual or intended characteristics, circumstances, or features of a time-share program.

B. No promise, assertion, representation, or statement of fact or opinion made in connection with a time-share marketing activity shall indicate that a unit or common element will be built or placed on the time-share unless proposed within the meaning of subsection A of 18VAC48-45-200.

C. No promise, assertion, representation, or statement of fact or opinion made in connection with a time-share marketing activity and relating to a time-share program not registered shall, by its express terms, induce, solicit, or encourage a contract for sale or performing some other act that would create or purport to create a legal or equitable interest in the time-share, other than a security interest in or a nonbinding reservation of the time-share, when to do so would circumvent the provisions of the Virginia Real Estate Time-Share Act.

Statutory Authority

§§ 54.1-2349 and 55.1-2247 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 10, eff. March 1, 2016; amended, Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 3, eff. December 1, 2020.

18VAC48-45-750. Board overisight of public offering statement and exchange program disclosure document.

A. The board at any time may require a developer to alter or amend the public offering statement for a time-share or an exchange program disclosure document to assure full and accurate disclosure to prospective purchasers and to ensure compliance with the Virginia Real Estate Time-Share Act and this chapter.

B. The board does not approve or recommend the time-share or exchange program, or disposition thereof. The board's issuance of an effective date for a public offering statement or acceptance of an exchange program disclosure document shall not be construed to (i) constitute approval of the time-share or exchange program; (ii) represent that the board asserts that either all facts or material changes or both concerning the time-share or exchange program have been fully and accurately disclosed; or (iii) indicate that the board has made judgment on the value or merits of the time-share or exchange program.

Statutory Authority

§§ 54.1-2349 and 55.1-2247 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 10, eff. March 1, 2016.

18VAC48-45-760. Response to inquiry and provision of records.

A. The developer, exchange company, or reseller must respond within 15 days to a request by the board or any of its agents regarding any complaint filed with the department. The board may extend such timeframe upon a showing of extenuating circumstances prohibiting delivery within such 15-day period.

B. Unless otherwise specified by the board, the developer, exchange company, or reseller shall produce to the board or any of its agents within 15 days of the request any document, book, or record concerning any transaction in which the developer, exchange company, or reseller was involved, or for which the developer, exchange company, or reseller is required to maintain records, for inspection and copying by the board or its agents. The board may extend such timeframe upon a showing of extenuating circumstances prohibiting delivery within such 15-day period.

C. A developer, exchange company, or reseller shall not provide a false, misleading, or incomplete response to the board or any agent of the board seeking information in the investigation of a complaint filed with the board.

D. With the exception of the requirements of subsections A and B of this section, a developer, exchange company, or reseller must respond to an inquiry by the board or its agent within 21 days.

Statutory Authority

§§ 54.1-2349 and 55.1-2247 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 10, eff. March 1, 2016.

18VAC48-45-770. Prohibited acts.

The following acts are prohibited and any violation may result in action by the board, including issuance of a temporary cease and desist order in accordance with subdivision D 2 of § 55.1-2247 of the Code of Virginia:

1. Violating, inducing another to violate, or cooperating with others in violating any of the provisions of any regulation of the board or the Virginia Real Estate Time-Share Act or engaging in any act enumerated in §§ 54.1-102 and 54.1-111 of the Code of Virginia.

2. Obtaining or attempting to obtain a registration by false or fraudulent representation, or maintaining, renewing, or reinstating a registration by false or fraudulent representation.

3. Failing to alter or amend the public offering statement or disclosure document as required in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.

4. Providing information to purchasers in a manner that willfully and intentionally fails to promote full and accurate disclosure.

5. Making any misrepresentation or making a false promise that might influence, persuade, or induce.

6. Failing to provide information or documents, or amendments thereof, in accordance with this chapter.

7. Failing to comply with the post-registration requirements of this chapter.

8. Filing false or misleading information in the course of terminating a registration in accordance with 18VAC48-45-450, 18VAC48-45-460, 18VAC48-45-560, or 18VAC48-45-630.

9. Failing to comply with the advertising standards contained in Part III (18VAC48-45-80 et seq.) of this chapter.

10. Allowing a registration issued by the board to be used by another.

11. A regulant having been convicted, found guilty, or disciplined in any jurisdiction of any offense or violation described in subdivisions C 13 and C 14 of 18VAC48-45-130, subdivisions 4 and 5 of 18VAC48-45-210, and subsections D, F, and G of 18VAC48-45-670.

12. Failing to inform the board in writing within 30 days that the regulant was convicted, found guilty, or disciplined in any jurisdiction of any offense or violation described in subsections D, F, and G of 18VAC48-45-670.

13. Failing to report a change as required by 18VAC48-45-470.

14. Failing to satisfy any judgments or restitution orders entered by a court or arbiter of competent jurisdiction.

15. Misrepresenting or misusing the intended purpose of a power of attorney or similar document to the detriment of any grantor of such power of attorney.

16. Engaging in dishonest or fraudulent conduct in providing resale services, including the following:

a. The intentional and unjustified failure to comply with the terms of the resale purchase contract or resale transfer contract.

b. Engaging in dishonest or fraudulent conduct in providing resale services.

c. Failing to comply with the recordkeeping requirements of § 55.1-2245 of the Code of Virginia.

d. Failing to disclose information in writing concerning the marketing, sale, or transfer of resale time-shares required by this chapter prior to accepting any consideration or with the expectation of receiving consideration from any time-share owner, seller, or buyer.

e. Making false or misleading statements concerning offers to buy or rent; the value, pricing, timing, or availability of resale time-shares; or numbers of sellers, renters, or buyers when engaged in time-share resale activities.

f. Misrepresenting the likelihood of selling a resale time-share interest.

g. Misrepresenting the method by or source from which the reseller or lead dealer obtained the contact information of any time-share owner.

h. Misrepresenting price or value increases or decreases, assessments, special assessments, maintenance fees, or taxes or guaranteeing sales or rentals in order to obtain money or property.

i. Making false or misleading statements concerning the identity of the reseller or any of its affiliates or the time-share resale entity's or any of its affiliate's experience, performance, guarantees, services, fees, or commissions, availability of refunds, length of time in business, or endorsements by or affiliations with developers, management companies, or any other third party.

j. Misrepresenting whether or not the reseller or its affiliates, employees, or agents hold, in any state or jurisdiction, a current real estate sales or broker's license or other government-required license.

k. Misrepresenting how funds will be utilized in any time-share resale activity conducted by the reseller.

l. Misrepresenting that the reseller or its affiliates, employees, or agents have specialized education, professional affiliations, expertise, licenses, certifications, or other specialized knowledge or qualifications.

m. Making false or misleading statements concerning the conditions under which a time-share owner, seller, or buyer may exchange or occupy the resale time-share interest.

n. Representing that any gift, prize, membership, or other benefit or service will be provided to any time-share owner, seller, or buyer without providing such gift, prize, membership, or other benefit or service in the manner represented.

o. Misrepresenting the nature of any resale time-share interest or the related time-share plan.

p. Misrepresenting the amount of the proceeds, or failing to pay the proceeds, of any rental or sale of a resale time-share interest as offered by a potential renter or buyer to the time-share owner who made such resale time-share interest available for rental or sale through the reseller.

q. Failing to transfer any resale time-share interests as represented and required by this chapter or to provide written evidence to the time-share owner of the recording or transfer of such time-share owner's resale time-share interest as required by this chapter.

r. Failing to pay any annual assessments, special assessments, personal property or real estate taxes, or other fees relating to an owner's resale time-share interest as represented or required by this chapter.

Statutory Authority

§§ 54.1-2349 and 55.1-2247 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 10, eff. March 1, 2016; amended, Virginia Register Volume 35, Issue 6, eff. December 14, 2018; Volume 36, Issue 6, eff. December 30, 2019.

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