Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code
5/23/2024

Part VIII. Compliance and Enforcement

Article 1
Applicability of Chapter

2VAC5-585-3510. Public health protection.

A. The department shall apply this chapter to promote its underlying purpose, as specified in 2VAC5-585-20, of safeguarding public health and ensuring that food is safe, unadulterated, and honestly presented when offered to the consumer.

B. In enforcing the provisions of this chapter, the department shall assess existing facilities or equipment that were in use before the effective date of this chapter based on the following considerations:

1. Whether the facilities or equipment are in good repair and capable of being maintained in a sanitary condition;

2. Whether food-contact surfaces comply with 2VAC5-585-960 through 2VAC5-585-1060;

3. Whether the capacities of cooling, heating, and holding equipment are sufficient to comply with 2VAC5-585-1450; and

4. The existence of a documented agreement with the establishment operator that the facilities or equipment will be replaced as specified in subdivision 6 of 2VAC5-585-3750.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016; Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

2VAC5-585-3520. Preventing health hazards, provision for conditions not addressed.

A. If necessary to protect against public health hazards or nuisances, the department may impose specific requirements in addition to the requirements contained in this chapter that are authorized by law.

B. The department shall document the conditions that necessitate the imposition of additional requirements and the underlying public health rationale. The documentation shall be provided to the establishment operator or person in charge and a copy shall be maintained in the department's file for the food establishment.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

2VAC5-585-3530. (Reserved).

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007.

2VAC5-585-3540. Variances, modifications and waivers.

The department may grant a variance by modifying or waiving the requirements of this chapter if, in the opinion of the department, a health hazard or nuisance will not result from the variance. If a variance is granted, the department shall retain the information specified under 2VAC5-585-3541 in its records for the food establishment.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

2VAC5-585-3541. Documentation of proposed variance and justification.

Before a variance from a requirement of this chapter is approved, the information that shall be provided by the person requesting the variance and retained by the food establishment and in the department's file on the food establishment includes:

1. A statement of the proposed variance of the chapter requirement citing relevant chapter section numbers;Pf

2. An analysis of the rationale for how the potential public health hazards and nuisances addressed by the relevant chapter sections will be alternatively addressed by the proposal;Pf and

3. A HACCP plan if required as specified under 2VAC5-585-3620 A that includes the information specified under 2VAC5-585-3630 as it is relevant to the variance requested.Pf

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016; Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

2VAC5-585-3542. Conformance with approved procedures.

If the department grants a variance as specified in 2VAC5-585-3540, or a HACCP plan is otherwise required as specified under 2VAC5-585-3620, the operator shall:

1. Maintain the approved variance at the food establishment;Pf

2. Comply with the HACCP plans and procedures that are submitted as specified under 2VAC5-585-3630 and approved as a basis for the modification or waiver;P and

3. Maintain and provide to the department, upon request, records specified under subdivisions 5 and 6 c of 2VAC5-585-3630 that demonstrate that the following are routinely employed:

a. Procedures for monitoring critical control points;Pf

b. Monitoring of the critical control points;Pf

c. Verification of the effectiveness of the operation or process;Pf and

d. Necessary corrective actions if there is failure at a critical control point.Pf

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016; Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

2VAC5-585-3550. (Reserved).

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007.

2VAC5-585-3560. (Reserved).

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007.

2VAC5-585-3570. (Reserved).

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007.

2VAC5-585-3580. (Reserved).

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007.

2VAC5-585-3590. (Reserved).

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007.

Article 2
Plan Submission and Approval

2VAC5-585-3600. Facility and operating plans - when plans are required.

An operator shall submit to the department properly prepared plans and specifications for review and approval before:

1. The construction of a food establishment;Pf

2. The conversion of an existing structure for use as a food establishment;Pf or

3. The remodeling of a food establishment or a change of type of food establishment or food operation if the department determines that plans and specifications are necessary to ensure compliance with this chapter.Pf

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016.

2VAC5-585-3610. Contents of the plans and specifications.

The plans and specifications for a food establishment, including a food establishment specified under 2VAC5-585-3620, shall include, as required by the department based on the type of operation, type of food preparation, and foods prepared, the following information to demonstrate conformance with the provisions of this chapter:

1. Intended menu;

2. Anticipated volume of food to be stored, prepared, and sold or served;

3. Proposed layout, mechanical schematics, construction materials, and finish schedules;

4. Proposed equipment types, manufacturers, model numbers, locations, dimensions, performance capacities, and installation specifications;

5. Evidence that standard procedures ensuring compliance with the requirements of this chapter are developed or are being developed; and

6. Other information that may be required by the department for the proper review of the proposed construction, conversion or modification, and procedures for operating a food establishment.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007.

2VAC5-585-3620. When a HACCP plan is required.

A. Before engaging in an activity that requires a HACCP plan, an operator shall submit to the department for approval a properly prepared HACCP plan as specified under 2VAC5-585-3630 and the relevant provisions of this chapter if:

1. Submission of a HACCP plan is required according to law;

2. A variance is required as specified under 2VAC5-585-700 D 4, 2VAC5-585-860, or 2VAC5-585-1300 B; or

3. The department determines that a food preparation or processing method requires a variance based on a plan submittal specified under 2VAC5-585-3610, an inspectional finding, or a variance request.

B. Before engaging in reduced oxygen packaging without a variance as specified under 2VAC5-585-870, an operator shall submit a properly prepared HACCP plan to the department.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016.

2VAC5-585-3630. Contents of a HACCP plan.

For a food establishment that is required under 2VAC5-585-3620 to have a HACCP plan, the operator shall submit to the department a properly prepared HACCP plan that includes:

1. General information such as the name of the operator, the food establishment address, and contact information;

2. A categorization of the types of time/temperature control for safety foods that are to be controlled under the HACCP plan;Pf

3. A flow diagram or chart for each specific food or category type that identifies:

a. Each step in the process;Pf and

b. The steps that are critical control points;Pf

4. The ingredients, recipes, or formulations; materials and equipment used in the preparation of each specific food or category type; and methods and procedural control measures that address the food safety concerns involved;Pf

5. A critical control points summary for each specific food category type that clearly identifies:

a. Each critical control point;Pf

b. The significant hazards for each critical control point;Pf

c. The critical limits for each critical control point;Pf

d. The method and frequency for monitoring and controlling each critical control point by the designated food employee or the person in charge;Pf

e. Action to be taken by the designated food employee or person in charge if the critical limits for each critical control point are not met;Pf

f. The method and frequency for the person in charge to routinely verify that the food employee is following standard operating procedures and monitoring critical control points;Pf and

g. Records to be maintained by the person in charge to demonstrate that the HACCP plan is properly operated and managed;Pf

6. Supporting documents such as:

a. Food employee and supervisory training plan and operating procedures that address the food safety issues of concern;Pf

b. Copies of blank record forms that are necessary to implement the HACCP plan;Pf

c. Additional scientific data or other information, as required by the department, supporting the determination that food safety is not compromised by the proposal;Pf and

7. Any other information required by the department.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016; Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

2VAC5-585-3640. Confidentiality - trade secrets.

The department shall treat as confidential in accordance with law, information that meets the criteria specified in law for a trade secret and is contained on inspection report forms and in the plans and specifications submitted as specified under 2VAC5-585-3610 and 2VAC5-585-3630.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007.

2VAC5-585-3650. Preoperational inspections.

The department shall conduct one or more preoperational inspections to verify that the food establishment is constructed and equipped in accordance with the approved plans and approved modifications of those plans, has established standard operating procedures as specified under subdivision 5 of 2VAC5-585-3610 and is in compliance with law and this chapter.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007.

Article 3
Conditions to Operate

2VAC5-585-3655. (Repealed.)

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016; repealed, Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

2VAC5-585-3660. (Repealed.)

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016; repealed, Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

2VAC5-585-3740. Responsibilities of the department.

A. At the time of the initial inspection, the department shall provide to the operator a copy of this chapter so that the operator is notified of the compliance requirements and the conditions of retention, as specified under 2VAC5-585-3750, that are applicable to the food establishment.

B. Failure to provide the information specified in subsection A of this section does not prevent the department from taking authorized action or seeking remedies if the operator fails to comply with this chapter or an order, warning, or directive of the department.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

2VAC5-585-3740. Responsibilities of the department.

A. At the time of the initial inspection, the department shall provide to the operator a copy of this chapter so that the operator is notified of the compliance requirements and the conditions of retention, as specified under 2VAC5-585-3750, that are applicable to the food establishment.

B. Failure to provide the information specified in subsection A of this section does not prevent the department from taking authorized action or seeking remedies if the operator fails to comply with this chapter or an order, warning, or directive of the department.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

2VAC5-585-3740. Responsibilities of the department.

A. At the time of the initial inspection, the department shall provide to the operator a copy of this chapter so that the operator is notified of the compliance requirements and the conditions of retention, as specified under 2VAC5-585-3750, that are applicable to the food establishment.

B. Failure to provide the information specified in subsection A of this section does not prevent the department from taking authorized action or seeking remedies if the operator fails to comply with this chapter or an order, warning, or directive of the department.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

2VAC5-585-3750. Responsibilities of the operator.

The operator shall:

1. Comply with the provisions of this chapter including the conditions of a granted variance as specified under 2VAC5-585-3542 and approved plans as specified under 2VAC5-585-3610;

2. If a food establishment is required under 2VAC5-585-3620 to operate under a HACCP plan, comply with the plan as specified under 2VAC5-585-3542;

3. Immediately contact the department to report an illness of a food employee or conditional employee as specified under 2VAC5-585-80 B;

4. Immediately discontinue operations and notify the department if an imminent health hazard may exist as specified under 2VAC5-585-3910;

5. Allow authorized representatives of the commissioner access to the food establishment as specified under 2VAC5-585-3820;

6. Replace existing facilities and equipment specified in 2VAC5-585-3510 with facilities and equipment that comply with this chapter if:

a. The department directs the replacement because the facilities and equipment constitute a public health hazard or nuisance or no longer comply with the criteria upon which the facilities and equipment were accepted;

b. The department directs the replacement of the facilities and equipment because of a change of ownership; or

c. The facilities and equipment are replaced in the normal course of operation;

7. Comply with directives of the department, including timeframes for corrective actions specified in inspection reports, notices, orders, warnings, and other directives issued by the department in regard to the operator's food establishment or in response to community emergencies;

8. Accept notices issued and served by the department according to law;

9. Be subject to the administrative, civil, injunctive, and criminal remedies authorized in law for failure to comply with this chapter or a directive of the department, including timeframes for corrective actions specified in inspection reports, notices, orders, warnings, and other directives; and

10. Notify customers that a copy of the most recent establishment inspection report is available upon request by posting a sign or placard in a location in the food establishment that is conspicuous to customers or by another method acceptable to the department.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

2VAC5-585-3750. Responsibilities of the operator.

The operator shall:

1. Comply with the provisions of this chapter including the conditions of a granted variance as specified under 2VAC5-585-3542 and approved plans as specified under 2VAC5-585-3610;

2. If a food establishment is required under 2VAC5-585-3620 to operate under a HACCP plan, comply with the plan as specified under 2VAC5-585-3542;

3. Immediately contact the department to report an illness of a food employee or conditional employee as specified under 2VAC5-585-80 B;

4. Immediately discontinue operations and notify the department if an imminent health hazard may exist as specified under 2VAC5-585-3910;

5. Allow authorized representatives of the commissioner access to the food establishment as specified under 2VAC5-585-3820;

6. Replace existing facilities and equipment specified in 2VAC5-585-3510 with facilities and equipment that comply with this chapter if:

a. The department directs the replacement because the facilities and equipment constitute a public health hazard or nuisance or no longer comply with the criteria upon which the facilities and equipment were accepted;

b. The department directs the replacement of the facilities and equipment because of a change of ownership; or

c. The facilities and equipment are replaced in the normal course of operation;

7. Comply with directives of the department, including timeframes for corrective actions specified in inspection reports, notices, orders, warnings, and other directives issued by the department in regard to the operator's food establishment or in response to community emergencies;

8. Accept notices issued and served by the department according to law;

9. Be subject to the administrative, civil, injunctive, and criminal remedies authorized in law for failure to comply with this chapter or a directive of the department, including timeframes for corrective actions specified in inspection reports, notices, orders, warnings, and other directives; and

10. Notify customers that a copy of the most recent establishment inspection report is available upon request by posting a sign or placard in a location in the food establishment that is conspicuous to customers or by another method acceptable to the department.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

2VAC5-585-3750. Responsibilities of the operator.

The operator shall:

1. Comply with the provisions of this chapter including the conditions of a granted variance as specified under 2VAC5-585-3542 and approved plans as specified under 2VAC5-585-3610;

2. If a food establishment is required under 2VAC5-585-3620 to operate under a HACCP plan, comply with the plan as specified under 2VAC5-585-3542;

3. Immediately contact the department to report an illness of a food employee or conditional employee as specified under 2VAC5-585-80 B;

4. Immediately discontinue operations and notify the department if an imminent health hazard may exist as specified under 2VAC5-585-3910;

5. Allow authorized representatives of the commissioner access to the food establishment as specified under 2VAC5-585-3820;

6. Replace existing facilities and equipment specified in 2VAC5-585-3510 with facilities and equipment that comply with this chapter if:

a. The department directs the replacement because the facilities and equipment constitute a public health hazard or nuisance or no longer comply with the criteria upon which the facilities and equipment were accepted;

b. The department directs the replacement of the facilities and equipment because of a change of ownership; or

c. The facilities and equipment are replaced in the normal course of operation;

7. Comply with directives of the department, including timeframes for corrective actions specified in inspection reports, notices, orders, warnings, and other directives issued by the department in regard to the operator's food establishment or in response to community emergencies;

8. Accept notices issued and served by the department according to law;

9. Be subject to the administrative, civil, injunctive, and criminal remedies authorized in law for failure to comply with this chapter or a directive of the department, including timeframes for corrective actions specified in inspection reports, notices, orders, warnings, and other directives; and

10. Notify customers that a copy of the most recent establishment inspection report is available upon request by posting a sign or placard in a location in the food establishment that is conspicuous to customers or by another method acceptable to the department.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

Article 4
Inspection and Correction of Violations

2VAC5-585-3800. Frequency, establishing inspection interval.

A. Except as specified in subsections B and C of this section, the department shall inspect a food establishment at least once every six months.

B. The department may increase the interval between inspections beyond six months if:

1. The food establishment is fully operating under an approved and validated HACCP plan as specified under subdivisions 2 and 3 of 2VAC5-585-3542 and 2VAC5-585-3630;

2. The food establishment is assigned a less frequent inspection frequency based on a written risk-based inspection schedule that is being uniformly applied throughout the jurisdiction; or

3. The establishment's operation involves only coffee service and other unpackaged or prepackaged food that is not time/temperature control for safety food such as carbonated beverages and snack food such as chips, nuts, popcorn, and pretzels.

C. The department shall periodically inspect a temporary food establishment that prepares, sells, or serves unpackaged time/temperature control for safety food and that:

1. Has improvised rather than permanent facilities or equipment for accomplishing functions such as handwashing, food preparation and protection, food temperature control, warewashing, providing drinking water, waste retention and disposal, and insect and rodent control; or

2. Has inexperienced food employees.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Volume 24, Issue 02, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016; Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

2VAC5-585-3810. Performance-based and risk-based inspections.

Within the parameters specified in 2VAC5-585-3800, the department shall prioritize, and conduct more frequent inspections based upon its assessment of a food establishment's history of compliance with this chapter and the establishment's potential as a vector of foodborne illness by evaluating:

1. Past performance for nonconformance with this chapter or HACCP plan requirements that are priority items or priority foundation items;

2. Past performance for numerous or repeat violations of this chapter or HACCP plan requirements that are core items;

3. Past performance for complaints investigated and found to be valid;

4. The hazards associated with the particular foods that are prepared, stored, or served;

5. The type of operation including the methods and extent of food storage, preparation, and service;

6. The number of people served; and

7. Whether the population served is a highly susceptible population.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016.

2VAC5-585-3815. Competency of inspectors.

A. An authorized representative of the commissioner who inspects a food establishment or conducts plan review for compliance with this chapter shall have the knowledge, skills, and ability to adequately perform the required duties.

B. The department shall ensure that authorized representatives who inspect a food establishment or conduct plan review for compliance with this chapter have access to training and continuing education as needed to properly identify violations and apply the chapter.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016; Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

2VAC5-585-3820. Access allowed at reasonable times.

After the authorized representative of the commissioner presents official credentials and provides notice of the purpose of and an intent to conduct an inspection, the person in charge shall allow the authorized representative to determine if the food establishment is in compliance with this chapter by allowing access to the establishment, allowing inspection, and providing information and records specified in this chapter and to which the department is entitled according to law, during the food establishment's hours of operation and other reasonable times.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016; Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

2VAC5-585-3830. Refusal, notification of right to access, and final request for access.

If a person denies access to the authorized representative of the commissioner, the authorized representative shall:

1. Inform the person that:

a. The person is required to allow access to the authorized representative as specified under 2VAC5-585-3820;

b. The department will refer the matter to the Commonwealth's Attorney for handling in accordance with applicable sections of the Code of Virginia; and

2. Make a final request for access.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016.

2VAC5-585-3840. Refusal, reporting.

If after the authorized representative of the commissioner presents credentials and provides notice as specified under 2VAC5-585-3820, explains the authority upon which access is requested, and makes a final request for access as specified in 2VAC5-585-3830, the person in charge continues to refuse access, the authorized representative shall provide details of the denial of access on an inspection report form.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016.

2VAC5-585-3850. Inspection order to gain access.

If denied access to a food establishment for an authorized purpose and after complying with 2VAC5-585-3830, the department may apply for the issuance of an inspection order to gain access as provided in law.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007.

2VAC5-585-3860. Documenting information and observations.

The authorized representative of the commissioner shall document :

1. Administrative information about the food establishment's legal identity, street and mailing addresses, type of establishment and operation, inspection date, and other information such as type of water supply and sewage disposal, and personnel certificates that may be required; and

2. Specific factual observations of violative conditions or other deviations from this chapter that require correction by the establishment operator including:

a. Failure of the person in charge to demonstrate the knowledge of foodborne illness prevention, application of HACCP principles, and the requirements of this chapter specified under 2VAC5-585-60;

b. Failure of food employees, conditional employees, and the person in charge to report a disease or medical condition as specified under 2VAC5-585-80 B and D;

c. Nonconformance with priority items and priority foundation items of this chapter;

d. Failure of the appropriate food employees to demonstrate their knowledge of, and ability to perform in accordance with, the procedural, monitoring, verification, and corrective action practices required by the department as specified under 2VAC5-585-3542;

e. Failure of the person in charge to provide records required by the department for determining conformance with a HACCP plan as specified under subdivision 5 g of 2VAC5-585-3630; and

f. Nonconformance with critical limits of a HACCP plan.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 26, Issue 7, eff. January 1, 2010; Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016; Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

2VAC5-585-3870. Specifying time frame for corrections.

The authorized representative of the commissioner shall specify on the inspection report form the time frame for correction of the violations as specified under 2VAC5-585-3910, 2VAC5-585-3930, and 2VAC5-585-3950.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007.

2VAC5-585-3880. Issuing report and obtaining acknowledgment of receipt.

At the conclusion of the inspection and according to law, the authorized representative of the commissioner shall provide a copy of the completed inspection report and the notice to correct violations to the person in charge, and request a signed acknowledgment of receipt.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007.

2VAC5-585-3890. Refusal to sign acknowledgment.

The authorized representative of the commissioner shall:

1. Inform a person who declines to sign an acknowledgment of receipt of inspectional findings as specified in 2VAC5-585-3880 that:

a. An acknowledgment of receipt is not an agreement with findings;

b. Refusal to sign an acknowledgment of receipt will not affect the operator's obligation to correct the violations noted in the inspection report within the time frames specified; and

c. A refusal to sign an acknowledgment of receipt is noted in the inspection report and conveyed to the department's historical record for the food establishment; and

2. Make a final request that the person in charge sign an acknowledgment receipt of inspectional findings.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007.

2VAC5-585-3900. Public information.

Except as specified in 2VAC5-585-3640, the department shall treat the inspection report as a public document and shall make it available for disclosure to a person who requests it as provided in law.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007.

2VAC5-585-3910. Imminent health hazard, ceasing operations and reporting.

A. Except as specified in subsections B and C of this section, an operator shall immediately discontinue operations and notify the department if an imminent health hazard may exist because of an emergency such as a fire, flood, extended interruption of electrical or water service, sewage backup, misuse of poisonous or toxic materials, onset of an apparent foodborne illness outbreak, gross insanitary occurrence or condition, or other circumstance that may endanger public health.P

B. An operator need not discontinue operations in an area of an establishment that is unaffected by the imminent health hazard.

C. Considering the nature of the potential hazard involved and the complexity of the corrective action needed, the department may agree to continuing operations in the event of an extended interruption of electrical or water service if:

1. A written emergency operating plan has been approved by the department;

2. Immediate corrective action is taken to eliminate, prevent, or control any food safety risk and imminent health hazard associated with the electrical or water service interruption; and

3. The department is informed upon implementation of the written emergency operating plan.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016; Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

2VAC5-585-3920. Resumption of operations.

If operations are discontinued as specified under 2VAC5-585-3910 or otherwise according to law, the operator shall obtain approval from the department before resuming operations.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007.

2VAC5-585-3930. Priority or priority foundation item, timely correction.

A. Except as specified in subsection B of this section, an operator or person in charge shall at the time of inspection correct a violation of a priority item or priority foundation item of this chapter and implement corrective actions for a HACCP plan provision that is not in compliance with its critical limit.Pf

B. Considering the nature of the potential hazard involved and the complexity of the corrective action needed, the department may agree to or specify a longer timeframe, not to exceed:

1. 72 hours after the inspection, for the operator to correct violations of a priority item; or

2. 10 calendar days after the inspection, for the operator to correct violations of a priority foundation item or HACCP plan deviations.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016.

2VAC5-585-3940. Verification and documentation of correction.

A. After observing at the time of inspection a correction of a violation of a priority item or priority foundation item or a HACCP plan deviation, the authorized representative of the commissioner shall enter the violation and information about the corrective action on the inspection report.

B. As specified under 2VAC5-585-3930 B, after receiving notification that the operator has corrected a violation of a priority item or priority foundation item or HACCP plan deviation, or at the end of the specified period of time, the authorized representative shall verify correction of the violation or deviation during the next inspection of the establishment and shall document the information on an inspection report, and enter the report in the department's records.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016; Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

2VAC5-585-3950. Core items, timely correction.

A. Except as specified in subsection B of this section, the operator or person in charge shall correct core items by a date and time agreed to or specified by the department but no later than 90 calendar days after the inspection.

B. The department may approve a compliance schedule that extends beyond the time limits specified under subsection A of this section if a written schedule of compliance is submitted by the operator and no health hazard exists or will result from allowing an extended schedule for compliance.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016.

2VAC5-585-3960. (Reserved).

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007.

Article 5
Prevention of Foodborne Disease Transmission by Employees

2VAC5-585-4040. Investigation and control, obtaining information: personal history of illness, medical examination, and specimen analysis.

The department shall act when it has reasonable cause to believe that a food employee or conditional employee has possibly transmitted disease; may be infected with a disease in a communicable form that is transmissible through food; may be a carrier of infectious agents that cause a disease that is transmissible through food; or is affected with a boil, an infected wound, or acute respiratory infection, by:

1. Securing a confidential medical history of the food employee or conditional employee suspected of transmitting disease or making other investigations as deemed appropriate; and

2. Requiring appropriate medical examinations, including collection of specimens for laboratory analysis, of a suspected food employee or conditional employee.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 26, Issue 7, eff. January 1, 2010; Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016.

2VAC5-585-4050. Restriction or exclusion of food employee or closure of food establishment.

Based on the findings of an investigation related to a food employee or conditional employee who is suspected of being infected or diseased, the department may issue an order to the suspected food employee, conditional employee, or operator instituting one or more of the following control measures:

1. Restricting the food employee or conditional employee;

2. Excluding the food employee or conditional employee; or

3. Closing the food establishment in accordance with law.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 26, Issue 7, eff. January 1, 2010; Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016.

2VAC5-585-4060. Restriction or exclusion order: warning or hearing not required, information required in order.

Based on the findings of the investigation as specified in 2VAC5-585-4040 and to control disease transmission, the department may issue an order of restriction or exclusion to the suspected food employee or the operator without prior warning, notice of hearing, or a hearing if the order:

1. States the reasons for the restriction or exclusion that is ordered;

2. States the evidence that the food employee or operator shall provide in order to demonstrate that the reasons for the restriction or exclusion are eliminated;

3. States that the suspected food employee or the operator may request an appeal hearing by submitting a timely request as provided in law; and

4. Provides the name and address of the authorized representative of the commissioner to whom a request for appeal hearing be made.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016.

2VAC5-585-4070. Release of food employee from restriction or exclusion.

The department shall release a food employee or conditional employee from restriction or exclusion according to law and the conditions specified under 2VAC5-585-100.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 26, Issue 7, eff. January 1, 2010.

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