Code of Virginia

Code of Virginia
Title 58.1. Taxation
10/1/2020

Article 20. Estimated Taxes of Corporations.

§ 58.1-500. Declarations of estimated income tax required; contents, etc.

A. Every corporation subject to taxation under this chapter shall make a declaration of estimated tax for the taxable year if its income tax imposed by this chapter, for such taxable year, reduced by any credits allowable against the tax, can reasonably be expected to exceed $1,000.

B. For purposes of this article, "estimated tax" means the amount which the corporation estimates as the amount of the income tax imposed by this chapter for the taxable year less the amount which the corporation estimates as the sum of any credits allowable against the tax.

C. The declaration shall contain such pertinent information as the Commissioner may by forms or regulations prescribe.

D. A corporation may make amendments of a declaration filed during the taxable year under regulations prescribed by the Tax Commissioner, not exceeding the number specified in § 58.1-501.

E. A corporation with a taxable year of less than twelve months shall make a declaration in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Tax Commissioner.

Code 1950, § 58-151.36; 1968, c. 14; 1970, c. 588; 1984, c. 675.

§ 58.1-501. Time for filing declarations of estimated income tax.

A. The declaration of estimated tax shall be filed as follows:

If the requirements of subsection A of § 58.1-500 are first met:

1. Before the first day of the fourth month of the taxable year, the declaration shall be filed on or before the fifteenth day of the fourth month of the taxable year.

2. After the last day of the third month and before the first day of the sixth month of the taxable year, the declaration shall be filed on or before the fifteenth day of the sixth month of the taxable year.

3. After the last day of the fifth month and before the first day of the ninth month of the taxable year, the declaration shall be filed on or before the fifteenth day of the ninth month of the taxable year.

4. After the last day of the eighth month and before the first day of the twelfth month of the taxable year, the declaration shall be filed on or before the fifteenth day of the twelfth month of the taxable year.

B. An amendment of a declaration may be filed in any interval between installment dates prescribed for the taxable year, but only one amendment may be filed in each such interval.

C. The application of this section to taxable years of less than twelve months shall be in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Tax Commissioner.

Code 1950, § 58-151.37; 1968, c. 14; 1984, c. 675.

§ 58.1-502. Installment payment of estimated income tax.

A. The amount of estimated tax with respect to which a declaration is required under § 58.1-500 shall be paid in installments as follows:

1. If the declaration is required to be filed by the fifteenth day of the fourth month of the taxable year, twenty-five percent of the estimated tax shall be paid on the fifteenth day of the fourth, sixth, ninth and twelfth month of the taxable year.

2. If the declaration is required to be filed by the fifteenth day of the sixth month of the taxable year, one-third of the estimated tax shall be paid on the fifteenth day of the sixth, ninth and twelfth month of the taxable year.

3. If the declaration is required to be filed by the fifteenth day of the ninth month of the taxable year, one-half of the estimated tax shall be paid on the fifteenth day of the ninth and twelfth month of the taxable year.

4. If the declaration is required to be filed by the fifteenth day of the twelfth month of the taxable year, 100 percent of the estimated tax shall be paid on the fifteenth day of the twelfth month of the taxable year.

B. A declaration is timely filed if it is not required by § 58.1-501 A to be filed on a date (determined without regard to any extension of time for filing the declaration) before the date it is actually filed.

C. If the declaration is filed after the time prescribed in § 58.1-501 A (determined without regard to any extension of time for filing the declaration), there shall be paid at the time of such filing all installments of estimated tax which would have been payable on or before such time if the declaration had been filed within such prescribed time, and the remaining installments shall be paid at the times at which, and in the amounts in which, they would have been payable if the declaration had been so filed.

D. If any amendment of a declaration is filed, the amount of each remaining installment (if any) shall be the amount which would have been payable if the new estimate had been made when the first estimate for the taxable year was made, increased or decreased (as the case may be), by the amount computed by dividing: 1. the difference between (i) the amount of estimated tax required to be paid before the date on which the amendment is made, and (ii) the amount of estimated tax which would have been required to be paid before such date if the new estimate had been made when the first estimate was made, by 2. the number of installments remaining to be paid on or after the date on which the amendment is made.

E. The application of this section to taxable years of less than twelve months shall be in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Tax Commissioner.

F. Payment of the estimated income tax, or any installment thereof, shall be considered payment on account of the income tax imposed by this chapter for the taxable year.

G. The Tax Commissioner may grant a reasonable extension of time for payment of estimated tax (or any installment), or for filing any declaration pursuant to this article, on condition that the taxpayer shall pay interest on the amount involved at a rate determined in accordance with § 58.1-15, from the time the payment was due until the time of payment. No such extension shall exceed six months.

Code 1950, § 58-151.38; 1968, c. 14; 1977, c. 396; 1984, c. 675.

§ 58.1-503. Where declarations filed and how payments made; crediting or refunding overpayments.

Every corporation required by this article to file a declaration of estimated income tax shall file the same with and make payment to the Department.

Code 1950, § 58-151.39; 1968, c. 14; 1971, Ex. Sess., c. 171; 1984, c. 675.

§ 58.1-504. Failure to pay estimated income tax.

A. In case of any underpayment of estimated tax by a corporation, except as provided in subsection D, there shall be added to the tax for the taxable year an amount determined at the rate established for interest under § 58.1-15, upon the amount of the underpayment (determined under subsection B) for the period of the underpayment (determined under subsection C).

B. For purposes of subsection A, the amount of the underpayment shall be the excess of:

1. The amount of the installment which would be required to be paid if the estimated tax were equal to ninety percent of the tax shown on the return for the taxable year or, if no return was filed, ninety percent of the tax for such year, over

2. The amount, if any, of the installment paid on or before the last date prescribed for payment.

C. The period of the underpayment shall run from the date the installment was required to be paid to whichever of the following dates is the earlier:

1. The fifteenth day of the fourth month following the close of the taxable year.

2. With respect to any portion of the underpayment, the date on which such portion is paid. For purposes of this subdivision, a payment of estimated tax on any installment date shall be considered a payment of any previous underpayment only to the extent such payment exceeds the amount of the installment determined under subdivision B 1 for such installment date.

D. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections A, B and C, the addition to the tax with respect to any underpayment of any installment shall not be imposed if the total amount of all payments of estimated tax made on or before the last date prescribed for the payment of such installment equals or exceeds the amount which would have been required to be paid on or before such date if the estimated tax were whichever of the following is the lesser:

1. The tax shown on the return of the corporation for the preceding taxable year, if a return showing a liability for tax was filed by the corporation for the preceding taxable year and such preceding year was a taxable year of twelve months.

2. An amount equal to the tax computed at the rate applicable to the taxable year but otherwise on the basis of the facts shown on the return of the corporation for, and the law applicable to, the preceding taxable year.

3. An amount equal to ninety percent of the tax for the taxable year computed by placing on an annualized basis the taxable income:

a. For the first three months of the taxable year, in the case of the installment required to be paid in the fourth month,

b. For the first three months or for the first five months of the taxable year, in the case of the installment required to be paid in the sixth month,

c. For the first six months or for the first eight months of the taxable year, in the case of the installment required to be paid in the ninth month, and

d. For the first nine months or for the first eleven months of the taxable year, in the case of the installment required to be paid in the twelfth month of the taxable year. For purposes of this subdivision, the taxable income shall be placed on an annualized basis by (i) multiplying by twelve the taxable income referred to in subdivision D 3 and (ii) dividing the resulting amount by the number of months in the taxable year (three, five, six, eight, nine, or eleven, as the case may be) referred to in subsection A.

E. For purposes of subsection B, subdivisions D 2 and D 3, the term "tax" means the excess of the tax imposed by this chapter over the sum of any credits allowable against the tax.

F. The application of this to taxable years of less than twelve months shall be in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Commissioner.

G. Pipeline distribution companies as defined in § 58.1-2600 and gas utilities, gas suppliers and electric suppliers as defined in § 58.1-400.2 that become subject to taxation under this chapter and prior thereto paid the annual license tax based on gross receipts, shall make estimated tax payments during the first year, or short taxable year under subsection E of § 58.1-400.2, they are so subject, and notwithstanding subsection D, any excesses described in subsection B shall constitute an underpayment for such year.

Code 1950, § 58-151.40; 1968, c. 14; 1977, c. 396; 1983, c. 575; 1984, c. 675; 1999, c. 971; 2000, cc. 691, 706.

The chapters of the acts of assembly referenced in the historical citation at the end of these sections may not constitute a comprehensive list of such chapters and may exclude chapters whose provisions have expired.

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