Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code
Title 9. Environment
Agency 5. State Air Pollution Control Board
9/23/2020

Chapter 60. Hazardous Air Pollutant Sources

Part I
Special Provisions

9VAC5-60-10. Applicability.

A. The provisions of this chapter shall apply to all existing, new and modified hazardous air pollutant sources for which emission standards are prescribed under this chapter.

B. For sources subject to the applicable subparts listed in 9VAC5-60-70, the provisions of 40 CFR 61.09, 40 CFR 61.10, 40 CFR 61.12, 40 CFR 61.13, and 40 CFR 61.14 shall be implemented through this part. In cases where there are differences between the provisions of this part and the provisions of 40 CFR Part 61, the more restrictive provisions shall apply.

C. For sources subject to the applicable subparts listed in 9VAC5-60-100, the provisions of 40 CFR 63.6, 40 CFR 63.7, 40 CFR 63.8, 40 CFR 63.9, 40 CFR 63.10 and 40 CFR 63.11 shall be implemented through this part. In cases where there are differences between the provisions of this part and the provisions of 40 CFR Part 63, the more restrictive provisions shall apply.

D. Any owner subject to the provisions of this chapter may provide any report, notification or other document by electronic media if acceptable to both the owner and the board. This subsection shall not apply to documents requiring signatures or certification under 9VAC5-20-230.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-06-01, eff. January 1, 1985; amended, Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 21, eff. August 1, 2002.

9VAC5-60-20. Compliance.

A. Ninety days after the effective date of any emission standard prescribed under this chapter no owner or other person shall operate any existing hazardous air pollutant source in violation of such standard. After the effective date of any emission standard prescribed under this chapter no owner or other person shall operate any new or modified hazardous air pollutant source in violation of such standard.

1. Compliance with standards in this chapter shall be determined by emission tests established by 9VAC5-60-30, unless specified otherwise in the applicable standard.

2. Compliance with federal requirements in this chapter may be determined by alternative or equivalent methods only if approved by the administrator. For purposes of this subsection, federal requirements consist of the following:

a. Emission standards, alternative emission standards, alternative emission limitations, and equivalent emission limitations established pursuant to § 112 of the federal Clean Air Act as amended in 1990.

b. Emission standards established pursuant to § 112 of the federal Clean Air Act before it was amended in 1990.

c. All terms and conditions in a federal operating permit, including any provisions that limit a source's potential to emit, unless expressly designated as not federally enforceable.

d. Limitations and conditions that are part of an implementation plan.

e. Limitations and conditions that are part of a section 111(d) or section 111(d)/129 plan.

f. Limitations and conditions that are part of a federal construction permit issued under 40 CFR 52.21 or any construction permit issued under regulations approved by EPA in accordance with 40 CFR Part 51.

g. Limitations and conditions that are part of an operating permit issued pursuant to a program approved by EPA into an implementation plan as meeting EPA's minimum criteria for federal enforceability, including adequate notice and opportunity for EPA and public comment prior to issuance of the final permit and practicable enforceability.

h. Limitations and conditions in a Virginia regulation or program that has been approved by EPA under subpart E of 40 CFR Part 63 for the purposes of implementing and enforcing § 112 of the federal Clean Air Act.

B. No owner of a hazardous air pollutant source subject to the provisions of this chapter shall fail to conduct emission tests as required under this chapter.

C. No owner of a hazardous air pollutant source subject to the provisions of this chapter shall fail to install, calibrate, maintain and operate equipment for continuously monitoring and recording emissions, process parameters or air quality, or both, as required in this chapter.

D. No owner of a hazardous air pollutant source subject to the provisions of this chapter shall fail to provide notifications and reports, revise reports, maintain records or report emission test or monitoring results, or both, as required under this chapter.

E. For the purpose of submitting compliance certifications or establishing whether or not a person has violated or is in violation of any standard in this chapter, nothing in this chapter shall preclude the use, including the exclusive use, of any credible evidence or information relevant to whether a source would have been in compliance with applicable requirements if the appropriate performance or compliance test or procedure had been performed.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-06-02, eff. January 1, 1985; amended, Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 21, eff. August 1, 2002.

9VAC5-60-30. Emission testing.

A. Emission tests for hazardous air pollutant sources shall be conducted and reported and data shall be reduced as set forth in this chapter and in the appropriate reference methods unless the board (i) specifies or approves, in specific cases, the use of a reference method with minor changes in methodology; (ii) approves the use of an equivalent method; (iii) approves the use of an alternative method the results of which the board has determined to be adequate for indicating whether a specific source is in compliance; (iv) waives the requirement for emission tests because the owner of a source has demonstrated by other means to the board's satisfaction that the affected facility is in compliance with the standard; or (v) approves shorter sampling times and smaller sample volumes when necessitated by process variables or other factors.

B. Emission testing for hazardous air pollutant sources shall be subject to testing guidelines approved by the board. Procedures may be adjusted or changed by the board to suit specific sampling conditions or needs based upon good practice, judgement and experience. When such tests are adjusted, consideration shall be given to the effect of such change on established emission standards. Tests shall be performed under the direction of persons whose qualifications are acceptable to the board.

C. Emission tests for hazardous air pollutant sources shall be conducted under conditions which the board shall specify to the owner based on representative performance of the source. The owner shall make available to the board such records as may be necessary to determine the conditions of the emission tests. Operations during periods of startup, shutdown and malfunction shall not constitute representative conditions for the purpose of an emission test. During the initial emission test, emissions in excess of the level of the applicable emission limit during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction shall not be considered a violation of the applicable emission limit unless otherwise specified in the applicable standard.

D. Each emission test for a hazardous air pollutant source shall consist of three separate runs using the applicable test method. Each run shall be conducted for the time and under the conditions specified in the applicable standard. For the purpose of determining compliance with an applicable standard the arithmetic mean of the results of the three runs shall apply. In the event that a sample is accidentally lost or if conditions occur in which one of the three runs must be discontinued because of forced shutdown, failure of the sample train, extreme meteorological conditions or other circumstances beyond the owner's control, compliance may, upon the approval of the board, be determined using the arithmetic mean of the results of the two other runs.

E. The board may test emissions of air pollutants from any hazardous air pollutant source. Upon request of the board the owner shall provide, or cause to be provided, emission testing facilities as follows:

1. Sampling ports adequate for test methods applicable to such source. This includes (i) constructing the air pollution control system such that volumetric flow rates and pollutant emission rates can be accurately determined by applicable test methods and procedures and (ii) providing a stack or duct with acceptable flow characteristics during emission tests, as demonstrated by applicable test methods and procedures.

2. Safe sampling platforms.

3. Safe access to sampling platforms.

4. Utilities for sampling and testing equipment.

F. Upon request of the board, the owner of any hazardous air pollutant source subject to the provisions of this chapter shall conduct emission tests in accordance with procedures approved by the board.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-06-03, eff. January 1, 1985; amended, Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 21, eff. August 1, 2002.

9VAC5-60-40. Monitoring.

A. Unless otherwise approved by the board or specified in applicable subparts listed in 9VAC5-60-70, the requirements of this section shall apply to all monitoring required in accordance with applicable subparts listed in 9VAC5-60-70. However, nothing in this chapter shall exempt any owner from complying with subsection C of this section.

B. Monitoring shall be conducted and reported and data shall be reduced as set forth in the methods and procedures contained in each applicable subpart listed in 9VAC5-60-70.

C. Upon request of the board, the owner of a hazardous air pollutant source subject to the provisions of this chapter shall install, calibrate, maintain and operate equipment for continuously monitoring and recording emissions, process parameters and air quality in accordance with methods and procedures acceptable to the board.

Statutory Authority

§§ 10.1-1307 and 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-06-04, eff. January 1, 1985.

9VAC5-60-50. Notification, records and reporting.

A. Any owner of a hazardous air pollutant source subject to the provisions of this chapter shall provide written notifications to the board of the following:

1. The date of commencement of construction, reconstruction or modification of a new or modified hazardous air pollutant source postmarked no later than 30 days after such date.

2. The anticipated date of initial startup of any new or modified hazardous air pollutant source not more than 60 days or less than 30 days prior to such date.

3. The actual date of initial startup of any new or modified hazardous air pollutant source within 15 days after such date.

4. The date of any emission test the owner wishes the board to consider in determining compliance with a standard. Notification shall be postmarked not less than 30 days prior to such date.

B. Any owner of a hazardous air pollutant source subject to the provisions of subparts listed in 9VAC5-60-70 shall maintain records of the occurrence and duration of any startup, shutdown or malfunction in the operation of a hazardous air pollutant source; any malfunction in the operation of a hazardous air pollutant source; any malfunction of the air pollution control equipment; or any periods during which a continuous monitoring system or monitoring device is inoperative.

C. The owner of any existing hazardous air pollutant source or any new or modified hazardous air pollutant source to which an emission standard prescribed under the subparts listed in 9VAC5-60-70 is applicable which has an initial startup which preceded the effective date of an emission standard prescribed under this chapter shall, within 90 days after the effective date, provide the following information in writing to the board:

1. Name and address of the owner;

2. The location of the source;

3. The type of hazardous air pollutants emitted by the source;

4. A brief description of the nature, size, design and method of operation of the source including the operating design capacity of such source. Identify each point of emission for each hazardous air pollutant;

5. The average weight per month of the hazardous materials being processed by the source, over the last 12 months preceding the date of the report;

6. A description of the existing control equipment for each emission point;

a. Primary control devices for each hazardous air pollutant.

b. Secondary control devices for each hazardous air pollutant.

c. Estimated control efficiency (percent) for each control device.

7. A statement by the owner of the source as to whether he can comply with the emission standards prescribed in this chapter within 90 days of the effective date.

D. Changes in the information provided under subsection C of this section shall be provided to the board within 30 days after such change, except that, if the changes result from modification of the source, the provisions of 9VAC5 Chapter 80 (9VAC5-80-10 et seq.) are applicable.

E. Reporting under this section shall be according to procedures acceptable to the board. Advice on reporting the status of compliance may be obtained from the board.

F. Upon request of the board, the owner of a hazardous air pollutant source subject to the provisions of this chapter shall provide notifications and reports, revise reports, maintain records or report emission test or monitoring results in a manner and form and using procedures acceptable to the board.

Statutory Authority

§§ 10.1-1307 and 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-06-05, eff. January 1, 1985.

Part II
Emission Standards

Article 1
Environmental Protection Agency National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (Rule 6-1)

9VAC5-60-60. General.

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Regulations on National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP), as promulgated in 40 CFR Part 61 and designated in 9VAC5-60-70 are, unless indicated otherwise, incorporated by reference into the regulations of the board as amended by the word or phrase substitutions given in 9VAC5-60-80. The complete text of the subparts in 9VAC5-60-70 incorporated in this regulation by reference is contained in 40 CFR Part 61. The 40 CFR section numbers appearing under each subpart in 9VAC5-60-70 identify the specific provisions of the subpart incorporated by reference. The specific version of the provision adopted by reference shall be that contained in the CFR (2019) in effect July 1, 2019. In making reference to the Code of Federal Regulations, 40 CFR Part 61 means Part 61 of Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations; 40 CFR 61.01 means 61.01 in Part 61 of Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia; §§ 110, 111, 123, 129, 171, 172, and 182 of the Clean Air Act; 40 CFR Parts 51 and 60.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-06-0101, eff. April 1, 1988; amended, Virginia Register Volume 12, Issue 3, eff. December 1, 1995; Volume 13, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 1997; Volume 14, Issue 11, eff. April 1, 1998; Volume 15, Issue 13, eff. April 14, 1999; Virginia Register Volume 16, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 2000; Volume 17, Issue 15, eff. June 1, 2001; Volume 18, Issue 7, eff. February 1, 2002; Volume 19, Issue 6, eff. February 1, 2003; Volume 20, Issue 16, eff. June 1, 2004; Volume 21, Issue 7, eff. January 12, 2005; Volume 22, Issue 4, eff. December 1, 2005; Volume 23, Issue 17, eff. June 1, 2007; Volume 24, Issue 5, eff. December 12, 2007; Volume 25, Issue 12, eff. March 18, 2009; Volume 26, Issue 8, eff. January 20, 2010; Volume 27, Issue 11, eff. March 2, 2011; Volume 28, Issue 10, eff. February 15, 2012; Volume 29, Issue 10, eff. February 13, 2013; Volume 30, Issue 10, eff. July 1, 2014; Volume 31, Issue 12, eff. March 11, 2015; Volume 32, Issue 10, eff. February 10, 2016; Volume 33, Issue 10, eff. February 22, 2017; Volume 34, Issue 11, eff. February 21, 2018; Volume 35, Issue 11, eff. February 20, 2019; Volume 36, Issue 12, eff. March 4, 2020.

9VAC5-60-65. Authority to implement and enforce standards as authorized by EPA.

A. This article provides the legally enforceable mechanism to facilitate the Commonwealth's obligation to implement and enforce the federal NESHAP as state requirements.

B. The Commonwealth's delegated authority to implement and enforce the standards designated in 9VAC5-50-70 as authorized by EPA is identified in the documents specified in subdivisions 1 through 7 of this subsection. The Commonwealth's delegated authority extends only to the source categories and pollutants identified in the documents, and is subject to the provisions, conditions, and limitations set forth in the following documents:

1. Letter from Daniel J. Snyder dated December 30, 1975.

2. Federal Register notice dated February 26, 1976 (41 FR 8416).

3. Letter from Thomas C. Voltaggio dated July 22, 1981.

4. Federal Register notice dated August 27, 1981 (46 FR 43300).

5. Letter from W. Ray Cunningham dated July 2, 1985.

6. Letter from Stanley L. Laskowski dated July 15, 1993.

7. Federal Register Notice dated October 20, 1993 (58 FR 54135).

C. In its delegation notices and letters, EPA automatically delegated to the Commonwealth the authority to implement and enforce future NESHAP requirements if the Commonwealth legally adopted the requirements, informed EPA that it intended to enforce the standards in accordance with the terms of the delegation, and met other conditions. The latest letter that the Commonwealth submitted to obtain authority to implement and enforce additional requirements is available for examination as provided in subsection D of this section.

D. Copies of the documents cited in subsections B and C of this section may be examined by the public at the central office of the Department of Environmental Quality, 1111 East Main Street, Suite 1400, Richmond, Virginia between 8:30 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. of each business day.

E. The documents cited in subsection B of this section establish the terms of the delegation to the Commonwealth to implement and enforce the federal NESHAP as authorized by EPA. As such, the documents place requirements upon the Commonwealth, not the affected facilities; thus, the documents are not being incorporated by reference into the regulations of the board but are being cited for information purposes only.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia; §§ 110, 111, 123, 129, 171, 172 and 182 of the Clean Air Act; and 40 CFR Parts 51 and 60.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 20, Issue 16, eff. June 1, 2004; amended, Virginia Register Volume 34, Issue 13, eff. February 19, 2018.

9VAC5-60-70. Designated emission standards.

Subpart A—General Provisions.

40 CFR 61.01 through 40 CFR 61.03, 40 CFR 61.05 through 40 CFR 61.10, 40 CFR 61.12 through 40 CFR 61.15, and 40 CFR 61.19

(applicability, definitions, units and abbreviations, compliance, prohibited activities, determination of construction or modification, application for approval of construction or modification, approval of construction or modification, notification of startup, source reporting and waiver request, emission tests, monitoring, modification, and circumvention)

Subpart B—Radon Emissions from Underground Uranium Mines.

40 CFR 61.20 through 40 CFR 61.26

(NOTE: Authority to enforce the above standard is being retained by EPA and it is not incorporated by reference into these regulations.)

Subpart C—Beryllium.

40 CFR 61.30 through 40 CFR 61.34

Subpart D—Beryllium Rocket Motor Firing.

40 CFR 61.40 through 40 CFR 61.44

Subpart E—Mercury.

40 CFR 61.50 through 40 CFR 61.55

Subpart F—Vinyl Chloride.

40 CFR 61.60 through 40 CFR 61.71

Subpart G—Reserved.

Subpart H—Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy (DOE) Facilities.

40 CFR 61.90 through 40 CFR 61.97

(NOTE: Authority to enforce the above standard is being retained by EPA and it is not incorporated by reference into these regulations.)

Subpart I—Radionuclide Emissions from Facilities Licensed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and Federal Facilities Not Covered by Subpart H.

40 CFR 61.100 through 40 CFR 61.109

(NOTE: Authority to enforce the above standard is being retained by EPA and it is not incorporated by reference into these regulations.)

Subpart J—Equipment Leaks (Fugitive Emission Sources) of Benzene.

40 CFR 61.110 through 40 CFR 61.112

Subpart K—Radionuclide Emissions from Elemental Phosphorus Plants.

40 CFR 61.120 through 40 CFR 61.127

(NOTE: Authority to enforce the above standard is being retained by EPA and it is not incorporated by reference into these regulations.)

Subpart L—Benzene Emissions from Coke By-Product Recovery Plants.

40 CFR 61.130 through 40 CFR 61.139

Subpart M—Asbestos.

40 CFR 61.140 through 40 CFR 61.157

(NOTE: Under § 40.1-51.20 of the Code of Virginia, the Virginia Department of Labor and Industry also holds authority to enforce the following: 40 CFR 61.140, Applicability; 40 CFR 61.141, Definitions; 40 CFR 61.145, Standard for demolition and renovation; 40 CFR 61.146, Standard for spraying; 40 CFR 61.148, Standard for insulating materials; 40 CFR 61.150, Standard for waste disposal for manufacturing, fabricating, demolition, renovation, and spraying operations except subsection (a)(4); and 40 CFR 61.154, Standard for active waste disposal, except subsection (d); and 40 CFR 61.156, Cross-reference to other asbestos regulations.)

Subpart N—Inorganic Arsenic Emissions from Glass Manufacturing Plants.

40 CFR 61.160 through 40 CFR 61.165

Subpart O—Inorganic Arsenic Emissions from Primary Copper Smelters.

40 CFR 61.170 through 40 CFR 61.177

Subpart P—Inorganic Arsenic Emissions from Arsenic Trioxide and Metallic Arsenic Production Facilities.

40 CFR 61.180 through 40 CFR 61.186

Subpart Q—Radon Emissions from Department of Energy Facilities.

40 CFR 61.190 through 40 CFR 61.193

(NOTE: Authority to enforce the above standard is being retained by EPA and it is not incorporated by reference into these regulations.)

Subpart R—Radon Emissions from Phosphogypsum Stacks.

40 CFR 61.200 through 40 CFR 61.205

(NOTE: Authority to enforce the above standard is being retained by EPA and it is not incorporated by reference into these regulations.)

Subpart S—Reserved.

Subpart T—Radon Emissions from the Disposal of Uranium Mill Tailings.

40 CFR 61.220 through 40 CFR 61.225

(NOTE: Authority to enforce the above standard is being retained by EPA and it is not incorporated by reference into these regulations.)

Subpart U—Reserved.

Subpart V—Equipment Leaks (Fugitive Emission Sources).

40 CFR 61.240 through 40 CFR 61.247

Subpart W—Radon Emissions from Operating Mill Tailings.

40 CFR 61.250 through 40 CFR 61.252

(NOTE: Authority to enforce the above standard is being retained by EPA and it is not incorporated by reference into these regulations.)

Subpart X—Reserved.

Subpart Y—Benzene Emissions from Benzene Storage Vessels.

40 CFR 61.270 through 40 CFR 61.277

Subpart Z—Reserved.

Subpart AA—Reserved.

Subpart BB—Benzene Emissions from Benzene Transfer Operations.

40 CFR 61.300 through 40 CFR 61.306

Subpart CC—Reserved.

Subpart DD—Reserved.

Subpart EE—Reserved.

Subpart FF—Benzene Waste Operations.

40 CFR 61.340 through 40 CFR 61.358

Appendix A—Not applicable.

Appendix B—Test Methods.

(NOTE: Authority to enforce the following test methods is being retained by EPA and they are not incorporated by reference into the Regulations for the Control and Abatement of Air Pollution.)

Method 111—Determination of polonium-210 emissions from stationary sources. Method 114—Test methods for measuring radionuclide emissions from stationary sources.

Method 115—Monitoring for radon-222 emissions.

Appendix C—Quality assurance procedures.

Appendix D—Methods for estimating radionuclide emissions.

(NOTE: Authority to enforce the above methods is being retained by EPA and it is not incorporated by reference into the Regulations for the Control and Abatement of Air Pollution.)

Appendix E—Compliance procedures methods for determining compliance with Subpart I.

(NOTE: Authority to enforce the above methods is being retained by EPA and it is not incorporated by reference into the Regulations for the Control and Abatement of Air Pollution.)

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia; §§ 110, 111, 123, 129, 171, 172, and 182 of the federal Clean Water Act; 40 CFR Parts 51 and 60.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-06-0102, eff. January 1, 1993; amended, Virginia Register Volume 12, Issue 3, eff. December 1, 1995; Volume 15, Issue 13, eff. April 14, 1999; Volume 33, Issue 10, eff. February 22, 2017.

9VAC5-60-80. Word or phrase substitutions.

In all of the standards designated in 9VAC5-60-70 substitute:

1. "Board" for Administrator; and

2. "Board" for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (except in references).

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-06-0103, eff. January 1, 1985; amended, Virginia Register Volume 12, Issue 3, eff. December 1, 1995; Volume 15, Issue 13, eff. April 14, 1999; Volume 18, Issue 7, eff. February 1, 2002.

Article 2
Environmental Protection Agency National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Source Categories (Rule 6-2)

9VAC5-60-90. General.

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Source Categories (Maximum Achievable Control Technologies, or MACTs) as promulgated in 40 CFR Part 63 and designated in 9VAC5-60-100 are, unless indicated otherwise, incorporated by reference into the regulations of the board as amended by the word or phrase substitutions given in 9VAC5-60-110. The complete text of the subparts in 9VAC5-60-100 incorporated in this regulation by reference is contained in 40 CFR Part 63. The 40 CFR section numbers appearing under each subpart in 9VAC5-60-100 identify the specific provisions of the subpart incorporated by reference. The specific version of the provision adopted by reference shall be that contained in the CFR (2019) in effect July 1, 2019. In making reference to the Code of Federal Regulations, 40 CFR Part 63 means Part 63 of Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations; 40 CFR 63.1 means 63.1 in Part 63 of Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia; §§ 110, 111, 123, 129, 171, 172, and 182 of the Clean Air Act; 40 CFR Parts 51 and 60.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-06-0201, eff. December 1, 1995; amended, Virginia Register Volume 13, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 1997; Volume 14, Issue 11, eff. April 1, 1998; Volume 15, Issue 13, eff. April 14, 1999; Volume 16, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 2000; Volume 17, Issue 15, eff. June 1, 2001; Volume 18, Issue 7, eff. February 1, 2002; Volume 19, Issue 6, eff. February 1, 2003; Volume 20, Issue 16, eff. June 1, 2004; Volume 21, Issue 7, eff. January 12, 2005; Volume 22, Issue 4, eff. December 1, 2005; Volume 23, Issue 17, eff. June 1, 2007; Volume 24, Issue 5, eff. December 12, 2007; Volume 25, Issue 12, eff. March 18, 2009; Volume 26, Issue 8, eff. January 20, 2010; Volume 27, Issue 11, eff. March 2, 2011; Volume 28, Issue 10, eff. February 15, 2012; Volume 29, Issue 10, eff. February 13, 2013; Volume 30, Issue 10, eff. July 1, 2014; Volume 31, Issue 12, eff. March 11, 2015; Volume 32, Issue 10, eff. February 10, 2016; Volume 33, Issue 10, eff. February 22, 2017; Volume 34, Issue 11, eff. February 21, 2018; Volume 35, Issue 11, eff. February 20, 2019; Volume 36, Issue 12, eff. March 4, 2020.

9VAC5-60-91. [Repealed]

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 20, Issue 24, eff. September 8, 2004; repealed, Virginia Register Volume 21, Issue 7, eff. January 12, 2005.

9VAC5-60-92. Federal Hazardous Air Pollutant Program.

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Hazardous Air Pollutant Program as promulgated in § 112 of the federal Clean Air Act is incorporated by reference into the regulations of the board to the extent that the provisions of 40 CFR Part 63 are incorporated by reference into this article. The following provisions govern implementation of the federal Hazardous Air Pollutant Program.

1. For the purposes of the federal Hazardous Air Pollutant Program, a hazardous air pollutant is any air pollutant listed in § 112(b) of the federal Clean Air Act, as amended by Subpart C of 40 CFR Part 63. The specific version of Subpart C adopted by reference shall be that contained in the CFR specified in 9VAC5-60-90.

2. For the purposes of the federal Hazardous Air Pollutant Program, the source category schedule for standards is the schedule issued pursuant to § 112(e) of the federal Clean Air Act for promulgating the standards issued pursuant to § 112(d) of the federal Clean Air Act and promulgated in 40 CFR Part 63. The specific schedule adopted by reference shall be that promulgated on February 12, 2002 (67 FR 6521).

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia; § 112 of the Clean Air Act; and 40 CFR Parts 61 and 63.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 5, eff. December 12, 2007.

9VAC5-60-95. Authority to implement and enforce standards as authorized by EPA.

A. This article provides the legally enforceable mechanism to facilitate the Commonwealth's obligation to implement and enforce the federal MACTs as state requirements.

B. The Commonwealth's delegated authority to implement and enforce the standards designated in 9VAC5-60-100 as authorized by EPA is identified in the documents specified in subdivisions 1 through 5 of this subsection. The Commonwealth's delegated authority extends only to the source categories and pollutants identified in the documents, and is subject to the provisions, conditions, and limitations set forth in the following documents:

1. Letter from W. Michael McCabe dated April 20, 1998.

2. Letter from W. Michael McCabe dated November 19, 1998.

3. Federal Register notice dated January 26, 1999 (64 FR 3938).

4. Letter from Judith M. Katz dated May 30, 2001.

5. Federal Register notice dated January 8, 2002 (67 FR 825).

C. In its delegation notices and letters, EPA automatically delegated to the Commonwealth the authority to implement and enforce future MACT requirements if the Commonwealth legally adopted the requirements, informed EPA that it intended to enforce the standards in accordance with the terms of the delegation, and met other conditions. The latest letter that the Commonwealth submitted to obtain authority to implement and enforce additional requirements is available for examination as provided in subsection D of this section.

D. Copies of the documents cited in subsections B and C of this section may be examined by the public at the central office of the Department of Environmental Quality, 1111 East Main Street, Suite 1400, Richmond, Virginia between 8:30 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. of each business day.

E. The documents cited in subsection B of this section establish the terms of the delegation to the Commonwealth to implement and enforce the federal MACT as authorized by EPA. As such, the documents place requirements upon the Commonwealth, not the affected facilities; thus, the documents are not being incorporated by reference into the regulations of the board but are being cited for information purposes only.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia; § 112 of the Clean Air Act; and 40 CFR Parts 61 and 63.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 20, Issue 16, eff. June 1, 2004; amended, Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 5, eff. December 12, 2007; Volume 34, Issue 13, eff. February 19, 2018.

9VAC5-60-100. Designated emission standards.

Subpart A - General Provisions.

40 CFR 63.1 through 40 CFR 63.11; 40 CFR 63.16

(applicability, definitions, units and abbreviations, prohibited activities and circumvention, construction and reconstruction, compliance with standards and maintenance requirements, performance testing requirements, monitoring requirements, notification requirements, recordkeeping and reporting requirements, control device requirements, performance track provisions)

Subpart B - Not applicable.

Subpart C - List of Hazardous Air Pollutants, Petitions Process, Lesser Quantity Designations, Source Category List.

40 CFR 63.60, 40 CFR 63.61, 40 CFR 63.62 and 40 CFR 63.63

(deletion of caprolactam from the list of hazardous air pollutants, deletion of methyl ethyl ketone from the list of hazardous air pollutants, redefinition of glycol ethers listed as hazardous air pollutants, deletion of ethylene glycol monobutyl ether)

Subpart D - Not applicable.

Subpart E - Not applicable.

Subpart F - Organic Hazardous Air Pollutants from the Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry.

40 CFR 63.100 through 40 CFR 63.106

(chemical manufacturing process units that manufacture as a primary product one or more of a listed chemical; use as a reactant or manufacture as a product, by-product, or co-product, one or more of a listed organic hazardous air pollutant; and are located at a plant site that is a major source as defined in § 112 of the federal Clean Air Act)

Subpart G - Organic Hazardous Air Pollutants from the Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry for Process Vents, Storage Vessels, Transfer Operations, and Wastewater.

40 CFR 63.110 through 40 CFR 63.152

(all process vents, storage vessels, transfer operations, and wastewater streams within a source subject to Subpart F, 40 CFR 63.100 through 40 CFR 63.106)

Subpart H - Organic Hazardous Air Pollutants for Equipment Leaks.

40 CFR 63.160 through 40 CFR 63.182

(pumps, compressors, agitators, pressure relief devices, sampling connection systems, open-ended valves or lines, valves, connectors, surge control vessels, bottoms receivers, instrumentation systems, and control devices or systems that are intended to operate in organic hazardous air pollutant service 300 hours or more during the calendar year within a source subject to the provisions of a specific subpart in 40 CFR Part 63)

Subpart I - Organic Hazardous Air Pollutants for Certain Processes Subject to the Negotiated Regulation for Equipment Leaks.

40 CFR 63.190 through 40 CFR 63.192

(emissions of designated organic hazardous air pollutants from processes specified in this subpart that are located at a plant site that is a major source as defined in § 112 of the federal Clean Air Act)

Subpart J - Polyvinyl Chloride and Copolymers Production.

40 CFR 63.210 through 40 CFR 63.217

(NOTE: Authority to enforce the above standard is being retained by EPA and it is not incorporated by reference into these regulations.)

Subpart K - Reserved.

Subpart L - Coke Oven Batteries.

40 CFR 63.300 through 40 CFR 63.313

(existing by-product coke oven batteries at a coke plant, and existing nonrecovery coke oven batteries located at a coke plant)

Subpart M - Perchlorethylene Dry Cleaning Facilities.

40 CFR 63.320 through 40 CFR 63.325

(each dry cleaning facility that uses perchlorethylene)

Subpart N - Chromium Emissions from Hard and Decorative Chromium Electroplating and Chromium Anodizing Tanks.

40 CFR 63.340 through 40 CFR 63.347

(each chromium electroplating or chromium anodizing tank at facilities performing hard chromium electroplating, decorative chromium electroplating, or chromium anodizing)

Subpart O - Ethylene Oxide Commercial Sterilization and Fumigation Operations.

40 CFR 63.360 through 40 CFR 63.367

(sterilization sources using ethylene oxide in sterilization or fumigation operations)

Subpart P - Reserved.

Subpart Q - Industrial Process Cooling Towers.

40 CFR 63.400 through 40 CFR 63.406

(industrial process cooling towers that are operated with chromium-based water treatment chemicals)

Subpart R - Gasoline Distribution Facilities.

40 CFR 63.420 through 40 CFR 63.429

(bulk gasoline terminals and pipeline breakout stations)

Subpart S - Pulp and Paper Industry.

40 CFR 63.440 through 40 CFR 63.458

(processes that produce pulp, paper, or paperboard, and use the following processes and materials: kraft, soda, sulfite, or semi-chemical pulping processes using wood; or mechanical pulping processes using wood; or any process using secondary or nonwood fibers)

Subpart T - Halogenated Solvent Cleaning.

40 CFR 63.460 through 40 CFR 63.469

(each individual batch vapor, in-line vapor, in-line cold, and batch cold solvent cleaning machine that uses any solvent containing methylene chloride, perchlorethylene, trichloroethylene, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, carbon tetrachloride, or chloroform)

Subpart U - Group I Polymers and Resins.

40 CFR 63.480 through 40 CFR 63.506

(elastomer product process units that produce butyl rubber, halobutyl rubber, epichlorohydrin elastomers, ethylene propylene rubber, Hypalon™, neoprene, nitrile butadiene rubber, nitrile butadiene latex, polysulfide rubber, polybutadiene rubber/styrene butadiene rubber by solution, styrene butadiene latex, and styrene butadiene rubber by emulsion)

Subpart V - Reserved.

Subpart W - Epoxy Resins Production and Non-Nylon Polyamides Production.

40 CFR 63.520 through 40 CFR 63.527

(manufacturers of basic liquid epoxy resins and wet strength resins)

Subpart X - Secondary Lead Smelting.

40 CFR 63.541 through 40 CFR 60.552

(at all secondary lead smelters: blast, reverberatory, rotary, and electric smelting furnaces; refining kettles; agglomerating furnaces; dryers; process fugitive sources; and fugitive dust sources)

Subpart Y - Marine Tank Vessel Tank Loading Operations.

40 CFR 63.560 through 40 CFR 63.567

(marine tank vessel unloading operations at petroleum refineries)

Subpart Z - Reserved.

Subpart AA - Phosphoric Acid Manufacturing Plants.

40 CFR 63.600 through 40 CFR 63.611

(wet-process phosphoric acid process lines, evaporative cooling towers, rock dryers, rock calciners, superphosphoric acid process lines, purified acid process lines)

Subpart BB - Phosphate Fertilizers Production Plants.

40 CFR 63.620 through 40 CFR 63.632

(diammonium and monoammonium phosphate process lines, granular triple superphosphate process lines, and granular triple superphosphate storage buildings)

Subpart CC - Petroleum Refineries.

40 CFR 63.640 through 40 CFR 63.671

(storage tanks, equipment leaks, process vents, and wastewater collection and treatment systems at petroleum refineries)

Subpart DD - Off-Site Waste and Recovery Operations.

40 CFR 63.680 through 40 CFR 63.697

(operations that treat, store, recycle, and dispose of waste received from other operations that produce waste or recoverable materials as part of their manufacturing processes)

Subpart EE - Magnetic Tape Manufacturing Operations.

40 CFR 63.701 through 40 CFR 63.708

(manufacturers of magnetic tape)

Subpart FF - Reserved.

Subpart GG - Aerospace Manufacturing and Rework Facilities.

40 CFR 63.741 through 40 CFR 63.759

(facilities engaged in the manufacture or rework of commercial, civil, or military aerospace vehicles or components)

Subpart HH - Oil and Natural Gas Production Facilities.

40 CFR 63.760 through 40 CFR 63.779

(facilities that process, upgrade, or store hydrocarbon liquids or natural gas; ancillary equipment and compressors intended to operate in volatile hazardous air pollutant service)

Subpart II - Shipbuilding and Ship Repair (Surface Coating).

40 CFR 63.780 through 40 CFR 63.788

(shipbuilding and ship repair operations)

Subpart JJ - Wood Furniture Manufacturing Operations.

40 CFR 63.800 through 40 CFR 63.819

(finishing materials, adhesives, and strippable spray booth coatings; storage, transfer, and application of coatings and solvents)

Subpart KK - Printing and Publishing Industry.

40 CFR 63.820 through 40 CFR 63.831

(publication rotogravure, product and packaging rotogravure, and wide-web printing processes)

Subpart LL - Primary Aluminum Reduction Plants.

40 CFR 63.840 through 40 CFR 63.859

(each pitch storage tank, potline, paste production plant, or anode bulk furnace associated with primary aluminum production)

Subpart MM - Chemical Recovery Combustion Sources at Kraft, Soda, Sulfite and Stand-Alone Semichemical Pulp Mills.

40 CFR 63.860 through 40 CFR 63.868

(chemical recovery systems, direct and nondirect contact evaporator recovery furnace systems, lime kilns, sulfite combustion units, semichemical combustion units)

Subpart NN - Wool Fiberglass Manufacturing at Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.880 through 40 CFR 63.899

(manufacture of wool fiberglass insulation materials composed of glass fibers made from glass produced or melted at the same facility where the manufacturing line is located)

Subpart OO - Tanks--Level 1.

40 CFR 63.900 through 40 CFR 63.907

(for off-site waste and recovery operations, fixed-roof tanks)

Subpart PP - Containers.

40 CFR 63.920 through 40 CFR 63.928

(for off-site waste and recovery operations, containers)

Subpart QQ - Surface Impoundments.

40 CFR 63.940 through 40 CFR 63.948

(for off-site waste and recovery operations, surface impoundment covers and vents)

Subpart RR - Individual Drain Systems.

40 CFR 63.960 through 40 CFR 63.966

(for off-site waste and recovery operations, inspection and maintenance of individual drain systems)

Subpart SS - Closed Vent Systems, Control Devices, Recovery Devices and Routing to a Fuel Gas System or a Process.

40 CFR 63.980 through 40 CFR 63.999

(closed vent systems, control devices, recovery devices, and routing to a fuel gas system or a process, when associated with facilities subject to a referencing subpart)

Subpart TT - Equipment Leaks - Control Level 1.

40 CFR 63.1000 through 40 CFR 63.1018

(control of air emissions from equipment leaks when associated with facilities subject to a referencing subpart)

Subpart UU - Equipment Leaks - Control Level 2.

40 CFR 63.1019 through 40 CFR 63.1039

(control of air emissions from equipment leaks when associated with facilities subject to a referencing subpart: pumps, compressors, agitators, pressure relief devices, sampling connection systems, open-ended valves or lines, valves, connectors, instrumentation systems, closed vent systems and control devices)

Subpart VV - Oil-Water Separators and Organic-Water Separators.

40 CFR 63.1040 through 40 CFR 63.1049

(for off-site waste and recovery operations, oil-water separators and organic-water separator roofs and vents)

Subpart WW - Storage Vessels (Tanks) - Control Level 2.

40 CFR 63.1060 through 40 CFR 63.1066

(storage vessels associated with facilities subject to a referencing subpart)

Subpart XX - Ethylene Manufacturing Process Units: Heat Exchange Systems and Waste.

40 CFR 63.1080 through 40 CFR 63.1098

(any cooling tower system or once-through cooling water system)

Subpart YY - Generic Maximum Achievable Control Technology Standards.

40 CFR 63.1100 through 40 CFR 63.1113

(acetal resins production, acrylic and modacrylic fibers production, hydrogen fluoride production, polycarbonate production)

Subpart ZZ - Reserved.

Subpart AAA - Reserved.

Subpart BBB - Reserved.

Subpart CCC - Steel Pickling - Hydrogen Chloride Process Facilities and Hydrochloric Acid Regeneration Plants.

40 CFR 63.1155 through 40 CFR 63.1174

(steel pickling facilities that pickle carbon steel using hydrochloric acid solution, hydrochloric acid regeneration plants)

Subpart DDD - Mineral Wool Production.

40 CFR 63.1175 through 40 CFR 63.1199

(cupolas and curing ovens at mineral wool manufacturing facilities)

Subpart EEE - Hazardous Waste Combustors.

40 CFR 63.1200 through 40 CFR 63.1221

(hazardous waste combustors)

Subpart FFF - Reserved.

Subpart GGG - Pharmaceutical Production.

40 CFR 63.1250 through 40 CFR 63.1261

(pharmaceutical manufacturing operations)

Subpart HHH - Natural Gas Transmission and Storage Facilities.

40 CFR 63.1270 through 40 CFR 63.1289

(natural gas transmission and storage facilities that transport or store natural gas prior to entering the pipeline to a local distribution company or to a final end user)

Subpart III - Flexible Polyurethane Foam Production.

40 CFR 63.1290 through 40 CFR 63.1309

(flexible polyurethane foam or rebond processes)

Subpart JJJ - Group IV Polymers and Resins.

40 CFR 63.1310 through 40 CFR 63.1335

(facilities which manufacture acrylonitrile butadiene styrene resin, styrene acrylonitrile resin, methyl methacrylate butadiene styrene resin, polystyrene resin, poly(ethylene terephthalate) resin, or nitrile resin)

Subpart KKK - Reserved.

Subpart LLL - Portland Cement Manufacturing.

40 CFR 63.1340 through 40 CFR 63.1359

(kilns; in-line kilns/raw mills; clinker coolers; raw mills; finish mills; raw material dryers; raw material, clinker, or finished product storage bins; conveying system transfer points; bagging systems; bulk loading or unloading systems)

Subpart MMM - Pesticide Active Ingredient Production.

40 CFR 63.1360 through 40 CFR 63.1369

(pesticide active ingredient manufacturing process units, waste management units, heat exchange systems, and cooling towers)

Subpart NNN - Wool Fiberglass Manufacturing.

40 CFR 63.1380 through 40 CFR 63.1399

(glass melting furnaces, rotary spin wool fiberglass manufacturing lines producing bonded wool fiberglass building insulation or bonded heavy-density product)

Subpart OOO - Amino/Phenolic Resins Production.

40 CFR 63.1400 through 40 CFR 63.1419

(unit operations, process vents, storage vessels, equipment subject to leak provisions)

Subpart PPP - Polyether Polyols Production.

40 CFR 63.1420 through 40 CFR 63.1439

(polyether polyol manufacturing process units)

Subpart QQQ - Primary Copper Smelting.

40 CFR 63.1440 through 40 CFR 63.1-1459

(batch copper converters, including copper concentrate dryers, smelting furnaces, slag cleaning vessels, copper converter departments, and the entire group of fugitive emission sources)

Subpart RRR - Secondary Aluminum Production.

40 CFR 63.1500 through 40 CFR 63.1520

(scrap shredders; thermal chip dryers; scrap dryers/delacquering kilns/decoating kilns; group 2, sweat, dross-only furnaces; rotary dross coolers; processing units)

Subpart SSS - Reserved.

Subpart TTT - Primary Lead Smelting.

40 CFR 63.1541 through 40 CFR 63.1550

(sinter machines, blast furnaces, dross furnaces, process fugitive sources, fugitive dust sources)

Subpart UUU - Petroleum Refineries: Catalytic Cracking Units, Catalytic Reforming Units, and Sulfur Recovery Units.

40 CFR 63.1560 through 40 CFR 63.1579

(petroleum refineries that produce transportation and heating fuels or lubricants, separate petroleum, or separate, crack, react, or reform an intermediate petroleum stream, or recover byproducts from an intermediate petroleum stream)

Subpart VVV - Publicly Owned Treatment Works.

40 CFR 63.1580 through 40 CFR 63.1595

(intercepting sewers, outfall sewers, sewage collection systems, pumping, power, and other equipment)

Subpart WWW - Reserved.

Subpart XXX - Ferroalloys Production: Ferromanganese and Silicomanganese.

40 CFR 63.1620 through 40 CFR 63.1679

(submerged arc furnaces, metal oxygen refining processes, crushing and screening operations, fugitive dust sources)

Subpart YYY - Reserved.

Subpart ZZZ - Reserved.

Subpart AAAA - Municipal Solid Waste Landfills.

40 CFR 63.1930 through 40 CFR 63.1990

(municipal solid waste landfills that have accepted waste since November 8, 1987, or have additional capacity for waste deposition)

Subpart BBBB - Reserved.

Subpart CCCC - Manufacturing of Nutritional Yeast.

40 CFR 63.2130 through 40 CFR 63.2192

(fermentation vessels)

Subpart DDDD - Plywood and Composite Wood Products.

40 CFR 63.2230 through 40 CFR 63.2292

(manufacture of plywood and composite wood products by bonding wood material or agricultural fiber with resin under heat and pressure to form a structural panel or engineered wood product)

Subpart EEEE - Organic Liquids Distribution (Nongasoline).

40 CFR 63.2330 through 40 CFR 63.2406

(transfer of noncrude oil liquids or liquid mixtures that contain organic hazardous air pollutants, or crude oils downstream of the first point of custody, via storage tanks, transfer racks, equipment leak components associated with pipelines, and transport vehicles)

Subpart FFFF - Miscellaneous Organic Chemical Manufacturing.

40 CFR 63.2430 through 40 CFR 63.2550

(reaction, recovery, separation, purification, or other activity, operation, manufacture, or treatment that is used to produce a product or isolated intermediate)

Subpart GGGG - Solvent Extraction for Vegetable Oil Production.

40 CFR 63.2830 through 40 CFR 63.2872

(vegetable oil production processes)

Subpart HHHH - Wet-formed Fiberglass Mat Production.

40 CFR 63.2980 through 63.3079

(wet-formed fiberglass mat drying and curing ovens)

Subpart IIII - Surface Coating of Automobiles and Light-Duty Trucks.

40 CFR 63.3080 through 40 CFR 63.3176.

(application of topcoat to new automobile or new light-duty truck bodies or body parts)

Subpart JJJJ - Paper and Other Web Coating.

40 CFR 63.3280 through 40 CFR 63.3420

(web coating lines engaged in the coating of metal webs used in flexible packaging and in the coating of fabric substrates for use in pressure-sensitive tape and abrasive materials)

Subpart KKKK - Surface Coating of Metal Cans.

40 CFR 63.3480 through 40 CFR 63.3561

(application of coatings to a substrate using spray guns or dip tanks, including one-piece and two-piece draw and iron can body coating; sheetcoating; three-piece can body assembly coating; and end coating)

Subpart LLLL - Reserved.

Subpart MMMM - Surface Coating of Miscellaneous Metal Parts and Products.

40 CFR 63.3880 through 40 CFR 63.3981

(application of coatings to industrial, household, and consumer products)

Subpart NNNN - Surface Coating of Large Appliances.

40 CFR 63.4080 through 40 CFR 63.4181

(surface coating of a large appliance part or product, including cooking equipment; refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerated cabinets and cases; laundry equipment; dishwashers, trash compactors, and water heaters; and HVAC units, air-conditioning, air-conditioning and heating combination units, comfort furnaces, and electric heat pumps)

Subpart OOOO - Printing, Coating, and Dyeing of Fabrics and Other Textiles.

40 CFR 63.4280 through 40 CFR 63.4371

(printing, coating, slashing, dyeing, or finishing of fabric and other textiles)

Subpart PPPP - Surface Coating of Plastic Parts and Products.

40 CFR 63.4480 through 40 CFR 63.4581

(application of coating to a substrate using spray guns or dip tanks, including motor vehicle parts and accessories for automobiles, trucks, recreational vehicles; sporting and recreational goods; toys; business machines; laboratory and medical equipment; and household and other consumer products)

Subpart QQQQ - Surface Coating of Wood Building Products.

40 CFR 63.4680 through 40 CFR 63.4781

(finishing or laminating of wood building products used in the construction of a residential, commercial, or institutional building)

Subpart RRRR - Surface Coating of Metal Furniture.

40 CFR 63.4880 through 40 CFR 63.4981

(application of coatings to substrate using spray guns and dip tanks)

Subpart SSSS - Surface Coating of Metal Coil.

40 CFR 63.5080 through 40 CFR 63.5209

(organic coating to surface of metal coil, including web unwind or feed sections, work stations, curing ovens, wet sections, and quench stations)

Subpart TTTT - Leather Finishing Operations.

40 CFR 63.5280 through 40 CFR 63.5460

(multistage application of finishing materials to adjust and improve the physical and aesthetic characteristics of leather surfaces)

Subpart UUUU - Cellulose Products Manufacturing.

40 CFR 63.5480 through 40 CFR 63.5610

(cellulose food casing, rayon, cellulosic sponge, cellophane manufacturing, methyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxyethyl cellulose, and carboxymethyl cellulose manufacturing industries)

Subpart VVVV - Boat Manufacturing.

40 CFR 63.5680 through 40 CFR 63.5779

(resin and gel coat operations, carpet and fabric adhesive operations, aluminum recreational boat surface coating operations)

Subpart WWWW - Reinforced Plastic Composites Production.

40 CFR 63.5780 through 40 CFR 63.5935

(reinforced or nonreinforced plastic composites or plastic molding compounds using thermostat resins and gel coats that contain styrene)

Subpart XXXX - Rubber Tire Manufacturing.

40 CFR 63.5980 through 40 CFR 63.6015

(production of rubber tires and components including rubber compounds, sidewalls, tread, tire beads, tire cord and liners)

Subpart YYYY - Stationary Combustion Turbines.

40 CFR 63.6080 through 40 CFR 63.6175

(simple cycle, regenerative/recuperative cycle, cogeneration cycle, and combined cycle stationary combustion turbines)

Subpart ZZZZ - Stationary Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines.

40 CFR 63.6580 through 40 CFR 63.6675.

(any stationary internal combustion engine that uses reciprocating motion to convert heat energy into mechanical work)

(NOTE: Authority to enforce provisions related to affected facilities located at a major source as defined in 40 CFR 63.6675 is being retained by the Commonwealth. Authority to enforce the area source provisions of the above standard is being retained by EPA and are not incorporated by reference into these regulations for any source that is not (i) a major source as defined in 9VAC5-80-60 and subject to Article 1 (9VAC5-80-50 et seq., Federal Operating Permits for Stationary Sources) of Part II of 9VAC5-80 (Permits for Stationary Sources) or (ii) an affected source as defined in 9VAC5-80-370 and subject to Article 3 (9VAC5-80-360 et seq., Federal Operating Permits for Acid Rain Sources) of Part II of 9VAC5-80.)

Subpart AAAAA - Lime Manufacturing Plants.

40 CFR 63.7080 through 40 CFR 63.7143.

(manufacture of lime product, including calcium oxide, calcium oxide with magnesium oxide, or dead burned dolomite, by calcination of limestone, dolomite, shells or other calcareous substances)

Subpart BBBBB - Semiconductor Manufacturing.

40 CFR 63.7180 through 40 CFR 63.7195

(semiconductor manufacturing process units used to manufacture p-type and n-type semiconductors and active solid-state devices from a wafer substrate)

Subpart CCCCC - Coke Ovens: Pushing, Quenching, and Battery Stacks.

40 CFR 63.7280 through 40 CFR 63.7352

(pushing, soaking, quenching, and battery stacks at coke oven batteries)

Subpart DDDDD - Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers and Process Heaters.

40 CFR 63.7480 through 40 CFR 63.7575

(industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers and process heaters)

Subpart EEEEE - Iron and Steel Foundries.

40 CFR 63.7680 through 40 CFR 63.7765

(metal melting furnaces, scrap preheaters, pouring areas, pouring stations, automated conveyor and pallet cooling lines, automated shakeout lines, and mold and core making lines)

Subpart FFFFF - Integrated Iron and Steel Manufacturing.

40 CFR 63.7780 through 40 CFR 63.7852

(each sinter plant, blast furnace, and basic oxygen process furnace at an integrated iron and steel manufacturing facility)

Subpart GGGGG - Site Remediation.

40 CFR 63.7880 through 40 CFR 63.7957

(activities or processes used to remove, destroy, degrade, transform, immobilize, or otherwise manage remediation material)

Subpart HHHHH - Miscellaneous Coating Manufacturing.

40 CFR 63.7980 through 40 CFR 63.8105

(process vessels; storage tanks for feedstocks and products; pumps, compressors, agitators, pressure relief devices, sampling connection systems, open-ended valves or lines, valves, connectors, and instrumentation systems; wastewater tanks and transfer racks)

Subpart IIIII - Mercury Cell Chlor-Alkali Plants.

40 CFR 63.8180 through 40 CFR 63.8266

(byproduct hydrogen streams, end box ventilation system vents, and fugitive emission sources associated with cell rooms, hydrogen systems, caustic systems, and storage areas for mercury-containing wastes)

Subpart JJJJJ - Brick and Structural Clay Products Manufacturing.

40 CFR 63.8380 through 40 CFR 63.8515

(facilities that manufacture brick, clay pipe, roof tile, extruded floor and wall tile, and other extruded, dimensional clay products, and typically process raw clay and shale, form the processed materials into bricks or shapes, and dry and fire the bricks or shapes)

Subpart KKKKK - Ceramics Manufacturing.

40 CFR 63.8530 through 40 CFR 63.8665

(facilities that manufacture pressed floor tile, pressed wall tile, other pressed tile, or sanitaryware, and typically process clay, shale, and various additives, form the processed materials into tile or sanitaryware shapes, and dry and fire the ceramic products)

Subpart LLLLL - Asphalt Processing and Asphalt Roof Manufacturing.

40 CFR 63.8680 through 40 CFR 63.8698

(preparation of asphalt flux at stand-alone asphalt processing facilities, petroleum refineries, and asphalt roofing facilities)

Subpart MMMMM - Flexible Polyurethane Foam Fabrication Operations.

40 CFR 63.8780 through 40 CFR 63.8830

(flexible polyurethane foam fabrication plants using flame lamination or loop slitter adhesives)

Subpart NNNNN - Hydrochloric Acid Production.

40 CFR 63.8980 through 40 CFR 63.9075

(HCl production facilities that produce a liquid HCl product)

Subpart OOOOO - Reserved.

Subpart PPPPP - Engine Test Cells and Stands.

40 CFR Subpart 63.9280 through 40 CFR 63.9375

(any apparatus used for testing uninstalled stationary or uninstalled mobile (motive) engines)

Subpart QQQQQ - Friction Materials Manufacturing Facilities.

40 CFR 63.9480 through 40 CFR 63.9579

(friction materials manufacturing facilities that use a solvent-based process)

Subpart RRRRR - Taconite Iron Ore Processing.

40 CFR 63.9580 through 40 CFR 63.9652

(ore crushing and handling, ore dryer stacks, indurating furnace stacks, finished pellet handling, and fugitive dust)

Subpart SSSSS - Refractory Products Manufacturing.

40 CFR 63.9780 through 40 CFR 63.9824

(manufacture of refractory products, including refractory bricks and shapes, monolithics, kiln furniture, crucibles, and other materials for liming furnaces and other high temperature process units)

Subpart TTTTT - Primary Magnesium Refining.

40 CFR 63.9880 through 40 CFR 63.9942

(spray dryer, magnesium chloride storage bin scrubber, melt/reactor system, and launder off-gas system stacks)

Subpart UUUUU - Coal-fired and Oil-fired Electric Utility Steam Generating Units.

40 CFR 63.9980 through 40 CFR 63.10042

(any furnace, boiler, or other device used for combusting fuel for the purpose of producing steam, including fossil fuel-fired steam generators associated with integrated gasification combined cycle gas turbines and excluding nuclear steam generators, for the purpose of powering a generator to produce electricity or electricity and other thermal energy)

Subpart VVVVV - Reserved.

Subpart WWWWW - Hospital Ethylene Oxide Sterilizer Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.10382 through 40 CFR 63.10448

(any enclosed vessel that is filled with ethylene oxide gas or an ethylene oxide/inert gas mixture for the purpose of sterilization)

Subpart XXXXX - Reserved.

Subpart YYYYY - Electric Arc Furnace Steelmaking Facility Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.10680 through 40 CFR 63.10692

(a steel plant that produces carbon, alloy, or specialty steels using an electric arc furnace)

Subpart ZZZZZ - Iron and Steel Foundries Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.10880 through 40 CFR 63.10906

(a facility that melts scrap, ingot, and/or other forms of iron and/or steel and pours the resulting molten metal into molds to produce final or near final shape products for introduction into commerce)

Subpart AAAAAA - Reserved.

Subpart BBBBBB - Gasoline Distribution Bulk Terminals, Bulk Plants, and Pipeline Facilities, Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11080 through 40 CFR 63.11100

(gasoline storage tanks, gasoline loading racks, vapor collection-equipped gasoline cargo tanks, and equipment components in vapor or liquid gasoline service)

Subpart CCCCCC - Gasoline Dispensing Facilities, Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11110 through 40 CFR 63.11132

(NOTE: Authority to enforce the above standard is being retained by EPA and it is not incorporated by reference into these regulations for any source that is not (i) a major source as defined in 9VAC5-80-60 and subject to Article 1 (9VAC5-80-50 et seq., Federal Operating Permits for Stationary Sources) of Part II of 9VAC5-80 (Permits for Stationary Sources) or (ii) an affected source as defined in 9VAC5-80-370 and subject to Article 3 (9VAC5-80-360 et seq., Federal Operating Permits for Acid Rain Sources) of Part II of 9VAC5-80.)

Subpart DDDDDD - Polyvinyl Chloride and Copolymers Production Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11140 through 40 CFR 63.11145

(plants that produce polyvinyl chloride or copolymers)

Subpart EEEEEE - Primary Copper Smelting Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11146 through 40 CFR 63.11152

(any installation or any intermediate process engaged in the production of copper from copper sulfide ore concentrates through the use of pyrometallurgical techniques)

Subpart FFFFFF - Secondary Copper Smelting Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11153 through 40 CFR 63.11159

(a facility that processes copper scrap in a blast furnace and converter or that uses another pyrometallurgical purification process to produce anode copper from copper scrap, including low-grade copper scrap)

Subpart GGGGGG - Primary Nonferrous Metals Area Sources--Zinc, Cadmium, and Beryllium.

40 CFR 63.11160 through 40 CFR 63.11168

(cadmium melting furnaces used to melt cadmium or produce cadmium oxide from the cadmium recovered in the zinc production; primary beryllium production facilities engaged in the chemical processing of beryllium ore to produce beryllium metal, alloy, or oxide, or performing any of the intermediate steps in these processes; and primary zinc production facilities engaged in the production, or any intermediate process in the production, of zinc or zinc oxide from zinc sulfide ore concentrates through the use of pyrometallurgical techniques)

Subpart HHHHHH - Paint Stripping and Miscellaneous Surface Coating Operations Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11169 through 40 CFR 63.11180

(NOTE: Authority to enforce the above standard is being retained by EPA and it is not incorporated by reference into these regulations for any source that is not (i) a major source as defined in 9VAC5-80-60 and subject to Article 1 (9VAC5-80-50 et seq., Federal Operating Permits for Stationary Sources) of Part II of 9VAC5-80 (Permits for Stationary Sources) or (ii) an affected source as defined in 9VAC5-80-370 and subject to Article 3 (9VAC5-80-360 et seq., Federal Operating Permits for Acid Rain Sources) of Part II of 9VAC5-80.)

Subpart IIIIII - Reserved.

Subpart JJJJJJ - Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boiler Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11193 through 40 CFR 63.11226

(NOTE: Authority to enforce the above standard is being retained by EPA and is not incorporated by reference into these regulations for any source that is not (i) a major source as defined in 9VAC5-80-60 and subject to Article 1 (9VAC5-80-50 et seq., Federal Operating Permits for Stationary Sources) of Part II of 9VAC5-80 (Permits for Stationary Sources) or (ii) an affected source as defined in 9VAC5-80-370 and subject to Article 3 (9VAC5-80-360 et seq., Federal Operating Permits for Acid Rain Sources) of Part II of 9VAC5-80.)

Subpart KKKKKK - Reserved.

Subpart LLLLLL - Acrylic and Modacrylic Fibers Production Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11393 through 40 CFR 63.11399

(production of either of the following synthetic fibers composed of acrylonitrile units: acrylic fiber or modacrylic fiber)

Subpart MMMMMM - Carbon Black Production Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11400 through 40 CFR 63.11406

(carbon black production process units including all waste management units, maintenance wastewater, and equipment components that contain or contact HAP that are associated with the carbon black production process unit)

Subpart NNNNNN - Chemical Manufacturing Area Sources: Chromium Compounds.

40 CFR 63.11407 through 40 CFR 63.11413

(any process that uses chromite ore as the basic feedstock to manufacture chromium compounds, primarily sodium dichromate, chromic acid, and chromic oxide)

Subpart OOOOOO - Flexible Polyurethane Foam Production and Fabrication Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11414 through 40 CFR 63.11420

(a facility where pieces of flexible polyurethane foam are cut, bonded, and/or laminated together or to other substrates)

Subpart PPPPPP - Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11421 through 40 CFR 63.11427

(grid casting facilities, paste mixing facilities, three-process operation facilities, lead oxide manufacturing facilities, lead reclamation facilities, and any other lead-emitting operation that is associated with the lead acid battery manufacturing plant)

Subpart QQQQQQ - Wood Preserving Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11428 through 40 CFR 63.11434

(pressure or thermal impregnation of chemicals into wood to provide effective long-term resistance to attack by fungi, bacteria, insects, and marine borers)

Subpart RRRRRR - Clay Ceramics Manufacturing Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11435 through 40 CFR 63.11447

(manufacture of pressed tile, sanitaryware, dinnerware, or pottery with an atomized glaze spray booth or kiln that fires glazed ceramic ware)

Subpart SSSSSS - Glass Manufacturing Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11448 through 40 CFR 63.11461

(manufacture of flat glass, glass containers, or pressed and blown glass by melting a mixture of raw materials to produce molten glass and form the molten glass into sheets, containers, or other shapes)

Subpart TTTTTT - Secondary Nonferrous Metals Processing Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11462 through 40 CFR 63.11474

(all crushing and screening operations at a secondary zinc processing facility and all furnace melting operations located at any secondary nonferrous metals processing facility)

Subpart UUUUUU - Reserved.

Subpart VVVVVV - Chemical Manufacturing Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11494 through 40 CFR 11503

(each chemical manufacturing process unit that uses as feedstocks, generates as byproducts, or produces as products any of the following: 1,3-butadiene; 1,3-dichloropropene; acetaldehyde; chloroform; ethylene dichloride; methylene chloride; hexachlorobenzene; hydrazine; quinoline; or compounds of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead, manganese, or nickel)

Subpart WWWWWW - Plating and Polishing Operations, Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11504 through 40 CFR 63.11513

(new and existing tanks, thermal spraying equipment, and mechanical polishing equipment used in non-chromium electroplating, electroless or non-electrolytic plating, non-electrolytic metal coating, dry mechanical polishing, electroforming, and electropolishing)

Subpart XXXXXX - Nine Metal Fabrication and Finishing Source Categories, Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11514 through 40 CFR 63.11523

(NOTE: Authority to enforce the above standard is being retained by EPA and it is not incorporated by reference into these regulations for any source that is not (i) a major source as defined in 9VAC5-80-60 and subject to Article 1 (9VAC5-80-50 et seq., Federal Operating Permits for Stationary Sources) of Part II of 9VAC5-80 (Permits for Stationary Sources) or (ii) an affected source as defined in 9VAC5-80-370 and subject to Article 3 (9VAC5-80-360 et seq., Federal Operating Permits for Acid Rain Sources) of Part II of 9VAC5-80.)

Subpart YYYYYY - Ferroalloys Production Facilities, Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11524 through 40 CFR 63.11543

(manufacture of silicon metal, ferrosilicon, ferrotitanium using the aluminum reduction process, ferrovanadium, ferromolybdenum, calcium silicon, silicomanganese zirconium, ferrochrome silicon, silvery iron, high-carbon ferrochrome, charge chrome, standard ferromanganese, silicomanganese, ferromanganese silicon, calcium carbide or other ferroalloy products using electrometallurgical operations including electric arc furnaces or other reaction vessels)

Subpart ZZZZZZ - Aluminum, Copper, and Other Nonferrous Foundries, Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11544 through 40 CFR 63.11558

(melting operations at aluminum, copper, and other nonferrous foundries, including the collection of induction, reverberatory, crucible, tower, or dry hearth furnaces used to melt metal ingot, alloyed ingot and/or metal scrap to produce molten metal that is poured into molds to make castings)

Subpart AAAAAAA - Asphalt Processing and Asphalt Roofing Manufacturing Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11559 through 40 CFR 63.11567

(asphalt processing operations that prepare asphalt flux at standalone asphalt processing facilities, petroleum refineries, and asphalt roofing facilities that include one or more asphalt flux blowing stills; and asphalt roofing manufacturing operations that manufacture asphalt roofing products through a series of sequential process steps depending upon whether the type of substrate used is organic or inorganic)

Subpart BBBBBBB - Chemical Preparations Industry Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11579 through 40 CFR 63.11588

(any facility-wide collection of chemical preparation operations, including the collection of mixing, blending, milling, and extruding equipment used to manufacture chemical preparations that contain metal compounds for chromium, lead, manganese, and nickel)

Subpart CCCCCCC - Paints and Allied Products Manufacturing Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11599 through 40 CFR 63.11638

(paints and allied products manufacturing processes, including, weighing, blending, mixing, grinding, tinting, dilution or other formulation, as well as cleaning operations, material storage and transfer, and piping)

Subpart DDDDDDD - Prepared Feeds Manufacturing Area Sources.

40 CFR 63.11619 through 40 CFR 63.11638

(production of animal feed from the point in the process where a material containing chromium or manganese is added, to the point where the finished product leaves the facility, including areas where materials containing chromium and manganese are stored, areas where materials containing chromium and manganese are temporarily stored prior to addition to the feed at the mixer, mixing and grinding processes, pelleting and pellet cooling processes, packing and bagging processes, crumblers and screens, bulk loading operations, and all conveyors and other equipment that transfer feed materials)

Subpart EEEEEEE - Gold Mine Ore Processing and Production Area Sources

40 CFR 63.11640 through 40 CFR 63.11653

(any industrial facility engaged in the processing of gold mine ore that uses any of the following processes: roasting operations, autoclaves, carbon kilns, preg tanks, electrowinning, mercury retorts, or melt furnaces)

Subpart FFFFFFF - Reserved.

Subpart GGGGGGG - Reserved.

Subpart HHHHHHH - Polyvinyl Chloride and Copolymers Production.

40 CFR 63.11860 through 40 CFR 63.12000

(facility-wide collection of PVCPU, storage vessels, heat exchange systems, surge control vessels, wastewater and process wastewater treatment systems that are associated with producing polyvinyl chloride and copolymers)

Appendix A - Test Methods.

Appendix B - Sources Defined for Early Reduction Provisions.

Appendix C - Determination of the Fraction Biodegraded (Fbio) in a Biological Treatment Unit.

Appendix D - Alternative Validation Procedure for EPA Waste and Wastewater Methods.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia; §§ 110, 111, 123, 129, 171, 172, and 182 of the federal Clean Air Act; 40 CFR Parts 51 and 60.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-06-0202, eff. December 1, 1995; amended, Virginia Register Volume 13, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 1997; Volume 14, Issue 11, eff. April 1, 1998; Volume 15, Issue 13, eff. April 14, 1999; Volume 16, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 2000; Volume 17, Issue 15, eff. June 1, 2001; Volume 18, Issue 7, eff. February 1, 2002; Volume 19, Issue 6, eff. February 1, 2003; Volume 20, Issue 16, eff. June 1, 2004; Volume 21, Issue 7, eff. January 12, 2005; Volume 22, Issue 4, eff. December 1, 2005; Volume 23, Issue 17, eff. June 1, 2007; Volume 24, Issue 5, eff. December 12, 2007; Volume 25, Issue 12, eff. March 18, 2009; Volume 26, Issue 8, eff. January 20, 2010; Volume 27, Issue 11, eff. March 2, 2011; Volume 28, Issue 10, eff. February 15, 2012; Volume 29, Issue 10, eff. February 13, 2013; Volume 30, Issue 10, eff. July 1, 2014; Volume 33, Issue 10, eff. February 22, 2017.

9VAC5-60-110. Word or phrase substitutions.

In all of the standards designated in 9VAC5-60-100 substitute:

1. "Board" for administrator.

2. "Board" for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (except in references).

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-06-0203, eff. December 1, 1995; amended, Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 7, eff. February 1, 2002.

Article 3
Control Technology Determinations for Major Sources of Hazardous Air Pollutants (Rule 6-3)

9VAC5-60-120. Applicability.

A. The provisions of this article apply to any owner of an affected source within a source category or subcategory for which the administrator has failed to promulgate a MACT standard by the § 112(j) of the federal Clean Air Act deadline.

B. The provisions of this article apply throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia.

C. The provisions of this article do not apply to research or laboratory activities.

D. If federal operating permit program applicability has been deferred for a source category, the provisions of this article shall not apply for sources in that category until those sources become subject to federal operating permit requirements.

E. The procedures in this article apply for each affected source only after the § 112(j) deadline for the source category or subcategory in question has passed, and only until such time as a generally applicable emission standard governing that source has been promulgated. Once a generally applicable emission standard governing that source has been promulgated, the owner of the affected source and the board are not required to take any further actions to develop an equivalent emission limitation under this article.

F. Any final equivalent emission limitation for an affected source that is issued by the board pursuant to this article prior to promulgation of a generally applicable emission standard governing that source shall be deemed an applicable federal requirement adopted pursuant to § 112(j) of the federal Clean Air Act. Each such equivalent emission limitation shall take effect upon issuance of the federal operating permit containing that limitation and shall remain applicable to the source until such time as it may be revised or supplanted pursuant to the procedures established by this article. Such a final equivalent emission limitation, and all associated requirements adopted pursuant to 9VAC5-60-140 F 2, are directly enforceable under federal law regardless of whether any permit in which they may be contained remains in effect.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia, § 112 of the Clean Air Act, and 40 CFR Parts 61 and 63.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 17, Issue 4, eff. January 1, 2001; amended, Virginia Register Volume 19, Issue 3, eff. December 1, 2002; Volume 20, Issue 16, eff. July 1, 2004.

9VAC5-60-130. Definitions.

A. For the purpose of applying this article in the context of the Regulations for the Control and Abatement of Air Pollution and related uses, the words or terms shall have the meaning given them in subsection C of this section.

B. As used in this article, all terms not defined herein shall have the meanings given them in 9VAC5 Chapter 10 (9VAC5-10), unless otherwise required by context.

C. Terms defined.

"Administrator" means the Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency or his authorized representative.

"Affected source" means the collection of equipment, activities, or both within a single contiguous area and under common control that is in a source category or subcategory under § 112(c) of the federal Clean Air Act for which the administrator has failed to promulgate a MACT standard by the § 112(j) deadline, and that is addressed by an applicable MACT emission limitation established pursuant to this article.

"Affected states" means all states (i) whose air quality may be affected and that are contiguous to the Commonwealth of Virginia, and (ii) whose air quality may be affected and that are within 50 miles of the major source for which a MACT determination is made in accordance with 40 CFR Part 63.

"Alternative emission limitation" means conditions established pursuant to § 112(i)(5) or § 112(i)(6) of the federal Clean Air Act by the administrator or the board.

"Alternative emission standard" means an alternative means of emission limitation that, after notice and opportunity for public comment, has been demonstrated by an owner to the administrator's satisfaction to achieve a reduction in emissions of any air pollutant at least equivalent to the reduction in emissions of such pollutant achieved under a relevant design, equipment, work practice, or operational emission standard, or combination thereof, established under 40 CFR Part 63 pursuant to § 112(h) of the federal Clean Air Act.

"Area source" means any stationary source of hazardous air pollutants that is not a major source.

"Available information" means, for purposes of conducting a MACT floor finding and identifying control technology options for affected sources subject to the provisions of this article, any information that is available as of the date on which the first Part 2 MACT application is filed for a source in the relevant source category or subcategory, and, pursuant to the requirements of this article, is additional relevant information that can be expeditiously provided by the board or administrator, is submitted by the applicant or others prior to or during the public comment period on the equivalent emission limitation for that source under § 112(j) of the federal Clean Air Act, or information contained in the following information sources:

1. A relevant proposed regulation, including all supporting information.

2. Relevant background information documents for a draft or proposed regulation.

3. Any relevant regulation, information, or guidance collected by the board or administrator establishing a MACT floor finding or a case-by-case MACT determination.

4. Relevant data and information available from the Clean Air Control Technology Center developed pursuant to § 112(l)(3) of the federal Clean Air Act.

5. Relevant data and information contained in the Aerometric Informational Retrieval System (AIRS).

6. Any additional information that can be expeditiously provided by the board or administrator.

7. Any information provided by applicants in an application for a federal operating permit, permit modification, administrative amendment, or hazardous air pollutant new source review permit pursuant to the requirements of this article.

8. Any additional relevant information provided by the applicant.

"Case-by-case MACT determination" means a determination by the board, pursuant to the requirements of this article, which establishes a MACT emission limitation, MACT work practice standard, or other MACT requirements for an affected source subject to this article.

"Commenced" means, with respect to construction or reconstruction of an affected source, that an owner has undertaken a continuous program of construction or reconstruction or that an owner has entered into a contractual obligation to undertake and complete, within a reasonable time, a continuous program of construction or reconstruction.

"Construction" means the on-site fabrication, erection, or installation of an affected source. Construction does not include the removal of all equipment comprising an affected source from an existing location and reinstallation of such equipment at a new location. The owner of an existing source that is relocated may elect not to reinstall minor ancillary equipment including, but not limited to, piping, ductwork, and valves. However, removal and reinstallation of an affected source will be construed as reconstruction if it satisfies the criteria for reconstruction as defined in this section. The costs of replacing minor ancillary equipment must be considered in determining whether the existing affected source is reconstructed.

"Control technology" means measures, processes, methods, systems, or techniques to limit the emission of hazardous air pollutants including, but not limited to, measures which:

1. Reduce the quantity, or eliminate emissions, of such pollutants through process changes, substitution of materials or other modifications;

2. Enclose systems or processes to eliminate emissions;

3. Collect, capture, or treat such pollutants when released from a process, stack, storage or fugitive emissions point;

4. Are design, equipment, work practice, or operational standards (including requirements for operator training or certification) as provided in 42 USC 7412(h); or

5. Are a combination of subdivisions 1 through 4 of this definition.

"Effective date" means:

1. With regard to an emission standard established under 40 CFR Part 63, the date of promulgation in the Federal Register of such standard; or

2. With regard to an alternative emission limitation or equivalent emission limitation determined by the administrator or board, the date that the alternative emission limitation or equivalent emission limitation becomes effective according to the provisions of 40 CFR Part 63.

"Emission point" means any part or activity of a major source that emits or has the potential to emit, under current operational design, any hazardous air pollutant.

"Emission standard" means a national standard, limitation, prohibition, or other regulation promulgated in a subpart of 40 CFR Part 63 pursuant to § 112(d), § 112(f), or § 112(h) of the federal Clean Air Act and incorporated by reference in 9VAC5 Chapter 60 (9VAC5-60).

"Enhanced review" means a review process containing all administrative steps needed to ensure that the terms and conditions resulting from the review process can be incorporated using federal operating permit program procedures.

"EPA" means the United States Environmental Protection Agency.

"Equivalent emission limitation" means an emission limitation, established under this article, which is equivalent to the emission standard that EPA would have promulgated under § 112(d) or § 112(h) of the federal Clean Air Act.

"Existing source" means any affected source that is not a new source.

"Federal operating permit" means a permit issued under Article 1 (9VAC5-80-50 et seq.) or Article 3 (9VAC5-80-360 et seq.) of Part II of 9VAC5 Chapter 80.

"Federal operating permit program" means the operating permit system established pursuant to Title V of the federal Clean Air Act and regulations codified in Article 1 (9VAC5-80-50 et seq.), Article 2 (9VAC5-80-310 et seq.), Article 3 (9VAC5-80-360 et seq.), and Article 4 (9VAC5-80-710 et seq.) of Part II of 9VAC5 Chapter 80.

"Federally enforceable" means all limitations and conditions that are enforceable by the administrator and citizens under the federal Clean Air Act or that are enforceable under other statutes administered by the administrator. Federally enforceable limitations and conditions include, but are not limited to the following:

1. Emission standards, alternative emission standards, alternative emission limitations, and equivalent emission limitations established pursuant to § 112 of the federal Clean Air Act as amended in 1990.

2. New source performance standards established pursuant to § 111 of the federal Clean Air Act, and emission standards established pursuant to § 112 of the federal Clean Air Act before it was amended in 1990.

3. All terms and conditions in a federal operating permit, including any provisions that limit a source's potential to emit, unless expressly designated as not federally enforceable.

4. Limitations and conditions that are part of an approved implementation plan.

5. Limitations and conditions that are part of a federal construction permit issued under 40 CFR 52.21 or a new source review program permit issued under regulations approved by the EPA into the implementation plan.

6. Limitations and conditions that are part of a state operating permit where the permit and the permitting program pursuant to which it was issued meet all of the following criteria:

a. The operating permit program has been submitted to and approved by EPA into a state implementation plan (SIP) under § 110 of the federal Clean Air Act;

b. The SIP imposes a legal obligation that operating permit holders adhere to the terms and limitations of such permits and provides that permits that do not conform to the operating permit program requirements and the requirements of EPA's underlying regulations may be deemed not "federally enforceable" by EPA;

c. The operating permit program requires that all emission limitations, controls, and other requirements imposed by such permits will be at least as stringent as any other applicable limitations and requirements contained in the SIP or enforceable under the SIP, and that the program may not issue permits that waive, or make less stringent, any limitations or requirements contained in or issued pursuant to the SIP, or that are otherwise "federally enforceable";

d. The limitations, controls, and requirements in the permit in question are permanent, quantifiable, and otherwise enforceable as a practical matter; and

e. The permit in question was issued only after adequate and timely notice and opportunity for comment for EPA and the public.

7. Limitations and conditions in a Virginia regulation or program that has been approved by the EPA under subpart E of 40 CFR Part 63 for the purposes of implementing and enforcing § 112 of the federal Clean Air Act.

8. Individual consent agreements that the EPA has legal authority to create.

"Fugitive emissions" means those emissions from a stationary source that could not reasonably pass through a stack, chimney, vent, or other functionally equivalent opening. Under § 112 of the Clean Air Act, all fugitive emissions are to be considered in determining whether a stationary source is a major source.

"Hazardous air pollutant" means any air pollutant listed in § 112(b) of the federal Clean Air Act, as amended by 40 CFR 63.60.

"Hazardous air pollutant new source review permit" means a document issued pursuant to Article 7 (9VAC5-80-1400 et seq.) of Part II of 9VAC5 Chapter 80 containing all federally enforceable conditions necessary to enforce the application and operation of any maximum achievable control technology or other control technologies such that the MACT emission limitation is met.

"Hazardous air pollutant new source review program" means a program for the preconstruction review and permitting of new stationary sources that emit hazardous air pollutants in accordance with Article 7 (9VAC5-80-1400 et seq.) of Part II of 9VAC5 Chapter 80, promulgated to implement the requirements of § 112 (relating to permits for hazardous air pollutants) of the federal Clean Air Act.

"Major source" means any stationary source or group of stationary sources located within a contiguous area and under common control that emits or has the potential to emit considering controls, in the aggregate, 10 tons per year or more of any hazardous air pollutant or 25 tons per year or more of any combination of hazardous air pollutants, unless the board establishes a lesser quantity, or in the case of radionuclides, different criteria from those specified in this sentence.

"Maximum achievable control technology (MACT) emission limitation for existing sources" means the emission limitation reflecting the maximum degree of reduction in emissions of hazardous air pollutants (including a prohibition on such emissions, where achievable) that the board, taking into consideration the cost of achieving such emission reductions, and any nonair quality health and environmental impacts and energy requirements, determines is achievable by sources in the category or subcategory to which such a MACT standard applies. This limitation shall not be less stringent than the MACT floor.

"Maximum achievable control technology (MACT) emission limitation for new sources" means the emission limitation which is not less stringent than the emission limitation achieved in practice by the best controlled similar source, and which reflects the maximum degree of reduction in emissions of hazardous air pollutants (including a prohibition on such emissions, where achievable) that the board, taking into consideration the cost of achieving such emission reduction, and any nonair quality health and environmental impacts and energy requirements, determines is achievable by sources in the category or subcategory to which such a MACT standard applies.

"Maximum achievable control technology (MACT) floor" means:

1. For existing sources:

a. The average emission limitation achieved by the best performing 12% of the existing sources (for which the administrator has emissions information), excluding those sources that have, within 18 months before the emission standard is proposed or within 30 months before such standard is promulgated, whichever is later, first achieved a level of emission rate or emission reduction which complies, or would comply if the source is not subject to such standard, with the lowest achievable emission rate (as defined in 9VAC5-80-2010) applicable to the source category and prevailing at the time, in the category or subcategory, for categories and subcategories of stationary sources with 30 or more sources; or

b. The average emission limitation achieved by the best performing five sources (for which the administrator has or could reasonably obtain emissions information) in the category or subcategory, for a category or subcategory of stationary sources with fewer than 30 sources;

2. For new sources, the emission limitation achieved in practice by the best controlled similar source.

"Maximum achievable control technology (MACT) standard" means:

1. An emission standard;

2. An alternative emission standard;

3. An alternative emission limitation; or

4. An equivalent emission limitation established pursuant to § 112 of the federal Clean Air Act that applies to the collection of equipment, activities, or both, regulated by such standard or limitation.

A MACT standard may include or consist of a design, equipment, work practice, or operational requirement, or other measure, process, method, system, or technique (including prohibition of emissions) that the administrator or board establishes for new or existing sources to which such standard or limitation applies. Every MACT standard established pursuant to § 112 of the federal Clean Air Act includes Subpart A of 40 CFR Part 63, as provided by 40 CFR 63.1(a)(4), and all applicable appendices of 40 CFR Part 63 or of other parts of Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations that are referenced in that standard.

"Minor new source review (MNSR) permit" means a document issued pursuant to Article 6 (9VAC5-80-1100 et seq.) of Part II of 9VAC5 Chapter 80 containing all federally enforceable conditions necessary to enforce the application and operation of any best achievable control technology or other requirements such that the applicable requirements are met.

"New affected source" means the collection of equipment, activities, or both, that if constructed after the issuance of a permit for the source pursuant to 9VAC5-60-140, is subject to the applicable MACT emission limitation for new sources. Each permit shall define the term "new affected source," which will be the same as the "affected source" unless a different collection is warranted based on consideration of factors including:

1. Emission reduction impacts of controlling individual sources versus groups of sources;

2. Cost effectiveness of controlling individual equipment;

3. Flexibility to accommodate common control strategies;

4. Cost and benefits of emissions averaging;

5. Incentives for pollution prevention;

6. Feasibility and cost of controlling processes that share common equipment (e.g., product recovery devices);

7. Feasibility and cost of monitoring; and

8. Other relevant factors.

"New source" means any affected source the construction or reconstruction of which is commenced after the administrator first proposes a MACT standard under 40 CFR Part 63 establishing an emission standard applicable to such source.

"New source review program" means a program for the preconstruction review and permitting of new stationary sources or expansions to existing ones in accordance with Article 6 (9VAC5-80-1100 et seq.), Article 7 (9VAC5-80-1400 et seq.), Article 8 (9VAC5-80-1700 et seq.), or Article 9 (9VAC5-80-2000 et seq.) of Part II of 9VAC5 Chapter 80 promulgated to implement the requirements of §§ 110(a)(2)(c), 112 (relating to permits for hazardous air pollutants), 165 (relating to permits in prevention of significant deterioration areas), and 173 (relating to permits in nonattainment areas) of the federal Clean Air Act.

"Potential to emit" means the maximum capacity of a stationary source to emit a pollutant under its physical and operational design. Any physical or operational limitation on the capacity of the stationary source to emit a pollutant, including air pollution control equipment and restrictions on hours of operation or on the type or amount of material combusted, stored, or processed, shall be treated as part of its design if the limitation or the effect it would have on emissions is state and federally enforceable. Fugitive emissions count in determining the potential to emit of a stationary source.

"Reconstruction," unless otherwise defined in a MACT standard, means the replacement of components of an affected or a previously nonaffected source to such an extent that:

1. The fixed capital cost of the new components exceeds 50% of the fixed capital cost that would be required to construct a comparable new source; and

2. It is technologically and economically feasible for the reconstructed source to meet the MACT standards established by the administrator (or the board) pursuant to § 112 of the Clean Air Act. Upon reconstruction, an affected source, or a stationary source that becomes an affected source, is subject to MACT standards for new sources, including compliance dates, irrespective of any change in emissions of hazardous air pollutants from that source.

"Research or laboratory activities" means activities whose primary purpose is to conduct research and development into new processes and products where such activities are operated under the close supervision of technically trained personnel and are not engaged in the manufacture of products for commercial sale in commerce, except in a de minimis manner, and where the source is not in a source category, specifically addressing research or laboratory activities, that is listed pursuant to § 112(c)(7) of the federal Clean Air Act.

"Section 112(j) deadline" or "§ 112(j) deadline" means the date 18 months after the date by which a MACT standard is scheduled to be promulgated under 40 CFR Part 63, except that for all major sources listed in the source category schedule for which a MACT standard is scheduled to be promulgated by November 15, 1994, the § 112(j) deadline is November 15, 1996, and for all major sources listed in the source category schedule for which a MACT standard is scheduled to be promulgated by November 15, 1997, the § 112(j) deadline is December 15, 1999.

"Similar source" means that equipment or collection of equipment that, by virtue of its structure, operability, type of emissions and volume and concentration of emissions, is substantially equivalent to the new affected source and employs control technology for control of emissions of hazardous air pollutants that is practical for use on the new affected source.

"Source category schedule for standards" means the schedule issued pursuant to § 112(e) of the federal Clean Air Act for promulgating MACT standards issued pursuant to § 112(d) of the federal Clean Air Act and published in the Federal Register at 67 FR 6521, February 12, 2002.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia, § 112 of the Clean Air Act, and 40 CFR Parts 61 and 63.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 17, Issue 4, eff. January 1, 2001; amended, Virginia Register Volume 19, Issue 3, eff. December 1, 2002; Volume 20, Issue 16, eff. July 1, 2004.

9VAC5-60-140. Approval process for new and existing affected sources.

A. The requirements of subdivisions 1 and 2 of this subsection apply to major sources that include, as of the § 112(j) deadline, one or more sources in a category or subcategory for which the administrator has failed to promulgate an emission standard under 40 CFR Part 63 on or before an applicable § 112(j) deadline. Existing source MACT requirements (including relevant compliance deadlines), as specified in a federal operating permit issued to the source pursuant to the requirements of this article, shall apply to such sources.

1. The owner shall submit an application for a federal operating permit or for a revision to an existing federal operating permit or a pending federal operating permit meeting the requirements of 9VAC5-60-150 A by the § 112(j) deadline if the owner can reasonably determine that one or more sources at the major source belong in the category or subcategory subject to this article.

2. If an application was not submitted under subdivision A 1 of this section and if notified by the board, the owner shall submit an application for a federal operating permit or for a revision to an existing federal operating permit or a pending federal operating permit meeting the requirements of 9VAC5-60-150 A within 30 days after being notified in writing by the board that one or more sources at the major source belong to such category or subcategory.

3. The requirements in this subdivision apply when the owner has obtained a federal operating permit that incorporates a case-by-case MACT determination by the board under the hazardous air pollutant new source review program or has submitted a federal operating permit application for a revision that incorporates a case-by-case MACT determination under the hazardous air pollutant new source review program, but has not submitted an application for a federal operating permit revision that addresses the emission limitation requirements of this article.

a. When the owner has a federal operating permit that incorporates a case-by-case MACT determination by the board under the hazardous air pollutant new source review program, the owner shall submit an application meeting the requirements of 9VAC5-60-150 A for a federal operating permit revision within 30 days of the § 112(j) deadline or within 30 days of being notified in writing by the board that one or more sources at the major source belong in such category or subcategory. Using the procedures established in subsection E of this section, the board will determine whether the emission limitations prescribed pursuant to the prior case-by-case MACT determination under the hazardous air pollutant new source review program are substantially as effective as the emission limitations which the board would otherwise prescribe pursuant to this article for the source in question. If the board determines that the emission limitations previously prescribed to effectuate the hazardous air pollutant new source review program are substantially as effective as the emission limitations that the board would otherwise prescribe to effectuate this article for the source, then the board will retain the existing emission limitations in the permit as the emission limitations to effectuate this article. The federal operating permit applicable to that source shall be revised accordingly. If the board does not retain the existing emission limitations in the permit as the emission limitations to effectuate this article, the MACT requirements of this article are satisfied upon issuance of a revised federal operating permit incorporating any additional requirements of this article.

b. When the owner has submitted a federal operating permit application that incorporates a case-by-case MACT determination by the board under the hazardous air pollutant new source review program, but has not received the permit incorporating the hazardous air pollutant new source review program requirements, the owner shall continue to pursue a federal operating permit that addresses the emission limitation requirements of the hazardous air pollutant new source review program. Within 30 days of issuance of that federal operating permit, the owner shall submit an application meeting the requirements of 9VAC5-60-150 A for a change to the existing federal operating permit. Using the procedures established in subsection E of this section, the board will determine whether the emission limitations prescribed pursuant to the prior case-by-case MACT determination under the hazardous air pollutant new source review program are substantially as effective as the emission limitations that the board would otherwise prescribe pursuant to this article for the source in question. If the board determines that the emission limitations previously prescribed to effectuate the hazardous air pollutant new source review program are substantially as effective as the emission limitations that the board would otherwise prescribe to effectuate this article for the source, then the board will retain the existing emission limitations in the permit as the emission limitations to effectuate this article. The federal operating permit applicable to that source shall be revised accordingly. If the board does not retain the existing emission limitations in the permit as the emission limitations to effectuate this article, the MACT requirements of this article are satisfied upon issuance of a revised federal operating permit incorporating any additional requirements of this article.

B. The requirements of this subsection apply to sources that do not meet the criteria in subsection A of this section on the § 112(j) deadline and are, therefore, not subject to this article on that date, but where events occur subsequent to the § 112(j) deadline that would bring the source under the requirements of this article, and the source does not have a federal operating permit that addresses the requirements of this article.

1. When one or more sources in a category or subcategory subject to the requirements of this article are installed at a major source, or result in the source becoming a major source due to the installation, and the installation does not invoke the hazardous air pollutant new source review program requirements, the owner shall submit an application meeting the requirements of 9VAC5-60-150 A within 30 days of startup of the source. This application shall be reviewed using the procedures established in subsection E of this section. Existing source MACT requirements (including relevant compliance deadlines), as specified in a federal operating permit issued pursuant to the requirements of this article, shall apply to such sources.

2. The requirements in this subdivision apply when one or more sources in a category or subcategory subject to this article are installed at a major source, or result in the source becoming a major source due to the installation, and the installation does require emission limitations to be established and permitted under the hazardous air pollutant new source review program, and the owner has not submitted an application for a federal operating permit revision that addresses the emission limitation requirements of this article. In this case, the owner shall apply for and obtain a federal operating permit that addresses the emission limitation requirements of the hazardous air pollutant new source review program. Within 30 days of issuance of that federal operating permit, the owner shall submit an application meeting the requirements of 9VAC5-60-150 A for a revision to the existing federal operating permit. Using the procedures established in subsection E of this section, the board will determine whether the emission limitations prescribed pursuant to the prior case-by-case MACT determination under the hazardous air pollutant new source review program are substantially as effective as the emission limitations that the board would otherwise prescribe pursuant to this article for the source in question. If the board determines that the emission limitations previously prescribed to effectuate the hazardous air pollutant new source review program are substantially as effective as the emission limitations that the board would otherwise prescribe to effectuate this article for the source, then the board will retain the existing emission limitations in the permit as the emission limitations to effectuate this article. The federal operating permit applicable to that source shall be revised accordingly. If the board does not retain the existing emission limitations in the permit as the emission limitations to effectuate this article, the MACT requirements of this article are satisfied upon issuance of a revised federal operating permit incorporating any additional requirements of this article.

3. The owner of an area source that, due to a relaxation in any federally enforceable emission limitation (such as a restriction on hours of operation), increases its potential to emit hazardous air pollutants such that the source becomes a major source that is subject to this article, shall submit an application meeting the requirements of 9VAC5-60-150 A for a federal operating permit or for an application for a federal operating permit revision within 30 days after the date that such source becomes a major source. This application shall be reviewed using the procedures established in subsection E of this section. Existing source MACT requirements (including relevant compliance deadlines), as specified in a federal operating permit issued pursuant to the requirements of this article, shall apply to such sources.

4. After December 1, 2002, if the administrator establishes a lesser quantity emission rate under § 112(a)(1) of the federal Clean Air Act that results in an area source becoming a major source that is subject to this article, then the owner of such a major source shall submit an application meeting the requirements of 9VAC5-60-150 A for a federal operating permit or for a change to an existing federal operating permit or pending federal operating permit on or before the date six months after the date that such source becomes a major source. Existing source MACT requirements (including relevant compliance deadlines), as specified in a federal operating permit issued pursuant to the requirements of this article, shall apply to such sources.

C. The requirements of this subsection apply to major sources that include one or more sources in a category or subcategory for which the administrator fails to promulgate an emission standard under 40 CFR Part 63 on or before an applicable § 112(j) deadline, and the owner has a permit meeting the requirements of this article, and where changes occur at the major source to equipment, activities, or both, subsequent to the § 112(j) deadline.

1. If the federal operating permit already provides the appropriate requirements that address the events that occur under this subsection subsequent to the § 112(j) deadline, then the source shall comply with the applicable new source MACT or existing source MACT requirements as specified in the permit, and the requirements of this article are thus satisfied.

2. If the federal operating permit does not contain the appropriate requirements that address the events that occur under this subsection subsequent to the § 112(j) deadline, then the owner shall submit an application for a revision to the existing federal operating permit that meets the requirements of 9VAC5-60-150 A. The application shall be submitted within 30 days of beginning construction and shall be reviewed using the procedures established in subsection E of this section. Existing source MACT requirements (including relevant compliance deadlines), as specified in a federal operating permit issued pursuant to the requirements of this article, shall apply to such sources.

D. Provisions concerning requests for applicability determination for MNSR permits are as follows:

1. An owner who is unsure of whether one or more sources at a major source belong in a category or subcategory for which the administrator has failed to promulgate an emission standard under 40 CFR Part 63 may, on or before an applicable § 112(j) deadline, request an applicability determination from the board by submitting an application meeting the requirements of 9VAC5-60-150 A by the applicable deadlines specified in subsection A, B, or C of this section.

2. In addition to meeting the requirements of subsections A, B, and C of this section, the owner of a new affected source may submit an application for a MNSR permit before construction, pursuant to 9VAC5-60-160.

E. Provisions concerning permit application review are as follows:

1. Each owner who is required to submit to the board a Part 1 MACT application that meets the requirements of 9VAC5-60-150 A for one or more sources in a category or subcategory subject to § 112(j) of the federal Clean Air Act shall also submit to the board a timely Part 2 MACT application for the same sources that meets the requirements of 9VAC5-60-150 B. Each owner shall submit the Part 2 MACT application for the sources in a particular category or subcategory no later than the applicable date specified in Table 6-3A. The submission date specified in Table 6-3A for Miscellaneous Organic Chemical Manufacturing shall apply to sources in each of the source categories listed in Table 6-3B. When the owner is required by this article to submit an application meeting the requirements of 9VAC5-60-150 A by a date that is after the date for a Part 2 MACT application for sources in the category or subcategory in question established by Table 6-3A, the owner shall submit a Part 2 MACT application meeting the requirements of 9VAC5-60-150 B within 60 additional days after the applicable deadline for submission of the Part 1 MACT application. Part 2 MACT applications will be reviewed by the board according to procedures established in 9VAC5-60-170. The resulting MACT determination will be incorporated into the source's federal operating permit according to procedures established under the federal operating permit program and any other regulations approved under the federal operating permit program.

2. Notwithstanding subdivision 1 of this subsection, the owner may request either an applicability determination or an equivalency determination by the board as provided in subdivisions 2 a and b of this subsection.

a. Each owner who submitted a request for an applicability determination pursuant to subdivision D 1 of this section on or before May 15, 2002, which remains pending before the board on March 29, 2004, and who still wishes to obtain such a determination, shall resubmit that request by July 1, 2004, or by the date which is 60 days after the administrator publishes in the Federal Register a proposed emission standard for the category or subcategory in question, whichever is later. Each request for an applicability determination that is resubmitted under this subdivision shall be supplemented to discuss the relation between the sources in question and the applicability provision in the proposed emission standard for the category or subcategory in question, and to explain why there may still be uncertainties that require a determination of applicability. The board will take action upon each properly resubmitted and supplemented request for an applicability determination within an additional 60 days after the applicable deadline for the resubmitted request. If the applicability determination is positive, the owner shall submit a Part 2 MACT application meeting the requirements of 9VAC5-60-150 B by the date specified for the category or subcategory in question in Table 6-3A. If the applicability determination is negative, then no further action by the owner is necessary.

b. As specified in subsections A and B of this section, an owner who has submitted an application meeting the requirements of 9VAC5-60-150 A may request a determination by the board of whether emission limitations adopted pursuant to a prior case-by-case MACT determination under the hazardous air pollutant new source review program that apply to one or more sources at a major source in a relevant category or subcategory are substantially as effective as the emission limitations that the board would otherwise adopt pursuant to § 112(j) of the federal Clean Air Act for the source in question. Such a request shall be submitted by the date for the category or subcategory in question specified in Table 6-3A. Any owner who previously submitted such a request under a prior version of this subdivision need not resubmit the request. Each request for an equivalency determination under this subdivision, regardless of when it was submitted, will be construed in the alternative as a complete application for an equivalent emission limitation under § 112(j) of the federal Clean Air Act. The process for determination by the board of whether the emission limitations in the prior case-by-case MACT determination are substantially as effective as the emission limitations that the board would otherwise adopt under § 112(j) of the federal Clean Air Act will include the opportunity for full public, EPA, and affected state review prior to a final determination. If the board determines that the emission limitations in the prior case-by-case MACT determination are substantially as effective as the emission limitations that the board would otherwise adopt under § 112(j) of the federal Clean Air Act, then the board will adopt the existing emission limitations in the permit as the emission limitations to effectuate § 112(j) of the federal Clean Air Act for the source in question. If more than three years remain on the current federal operating permit, the owner shall submit an application for a federal operating permit revision to make any conforming changes in the permit required to adopt the existing emission limitations as the § 112(j) of the federal Clean Air Act MACT emission limitations. If less than three years remain on the current federal operating permit, any required conforming changes will be made when the permit is renewed. If the board determines that the emission limitations in the prior case-by-case MACT determination under the hazardous air pollutant new source review program are not substantially as effective as the emission limitations that the board would otherwise adopt for the source in question under § 112(j) of the federal Clean Air Act, the board will make a new MACT determination and adopt a federal operating permit incorporating an appropriate equivalent emission limitation under § 112(j) of the federal Clean Air Act. Such a determination constitutes final action for purposes of judicial review under the federal operating permit program provisions.

3. Within 60 days of submittal of the Part 2 MACT application, the board will notify the owner in writing whether the application is complete or incomplete. The Part 2 MACT application shall be deemed complete on the date it was submitted unless the board notifies the owner in writing within 60 days of the submittal that the Part 2 MACT application is incomplete. A Part 2 MACT application is complete if it is sufficient to begin processing the application for a federal operating permit addressing the requirements of this article. In the event that the board disapproves a permit application or determines that the application is incomplete, the owner shall revise and resubmit the application to meet the objections of the board. The board will specify a reasonable period in which the owner is required to remedy the deficiencies in the disapproved or incomplete application. This period may not exceed six months from the date the owner is first notified that the application has been disapproved or is incomplete.

4. Following submittal of a Part 1 or Part 2 MACT application, the board may request additional information from the owner. The owner shall respond to such requests in a timely manner.

5. If the owner has submitted a timely and complete application as required by this section, any failure to have a federal operating permit addressing the requirements of this article shall not be a violation of this article, unless the delay in final action is due to the failure of the applicant to submit, in a timely manner, information required or requested to process the application. Once a complete application is submitted, the owner shall not be in violation of the requirement to have a federal operating permit addressing the requirements of this article.

F. The federal operating permit shall contain an equivalent emission limitation (or limitations) for the relevant category or subcategory determined on a case-by-case basis by the board, or, if the applicable criteria in subpart D of 40 CFR Part 63 are met, the federal operating permit may contain an alternative emission limitation. For the purposes of the preceding sentence, early reductions made pursuant to § 112(i)(5)(A) of the federal Clean Air Act shall be achieved not later than the date on which the MACT standard should have been promulgated according to the source category schedule for standards.

1. The federal operating permit shall contain an emission standard or emission limitation that is equivalent to existing source MACT and an emission standard or emission limitation that is equivalent to new source MACT for control of emissions of hazardous air pollutants. The MACT emission standards or limitations shall be determined by the board and shall be based on the degree of emission reductions that can be achieved if the control technologies or work practices are installed, maintained, and operated properly. The permit shall also specify the affected source and the new affected source. If construction of a new affected source or reconstruction of an affected source commences after a federal operating permit meeting the requirements of this article has been issued for the source, the new source MACT compliance dates shall apply.

2. The federal operating permit shall specify any notification, operation and maintenance, performance testing, monitoring, and reporting and recordkeeping requirements. In developing the federal operating permit, the board will consider and specify the appropriate provisions of subpart A of 40 CFR Part 63. The federal operating permit shall also include the information in subdivisions 2 a through c of this subsection.

a. In addition to the MACT emission limitation required by subdivision F 1 of this section, additional emission limits, production limits, operational limits or other terms and conditions necessary to ensure practicable enforceability of the MACT emission limitation;

b. Compliance certifications, testing, monitoring, reporting and recordkeeping requirements that are consistent with requirements established pursuant to the federal operating permit program and subsection H of this section; and

c. Compliance dates by which the owner shall be in compliance with the MACT emission limitation and all other applicable terms and conditions of the permit.

(1) The owner of an affected source subject to the requirements of this subdivision shall comply with the emission limitations by the date established in the source's federal operating permit. In no case shall such compliance date be later than three years after the issuance of the permit for that source, except where the board issues a permit that grants an additional year to comply in accordance with § 112(i)(3)(B) of the federal Clean Air Act, or unless otherwise specified in § 112(i) of the federal Clean Air Act, or in subpart D of 40 CFR Part 63.

(2) The owner of a new affected source, as defined in the federal operating permit meeting the requirements of this article, that is subject to the requirements of this article shall comply with a new source MACT level of control immediately upon startup of the new affected source.

G. The board will issue a federal operating permit meeting the requirements of this article within 18 months after submittal of the complete Part 2 MACT application.

H. In accordance with § 114(a)(3) of the federal Clean Air Act, monitoring shall be capable of demonstrating continuous compliance for each compliance period during the applicable reporting period. Such monitoring data shall be of sufficient quality to be used as a basis for directly enforcing all applicable requirements established under this article, including emission limitations.

I. Provisions concerning MACT emission limitations are as follows:

1. The owner of affected sources subject to subsections A, B, and C of this section shall comply with all requirements of this article that are applicable to affected sources, including the compliance date for affected sources established in subdivision F 2 c (1) of this section.

2. The owner of new affected sources subject to subdivision C 1 of this section shall comply with all requirements of this article that are applicable to new affected sources, including the compliance date for new affected sources established in subdivision F 2 c (2) of this section.

TABLE 6-3A.
SECTION 112(j) PART 2 APPLICATION DUE DATES.

Due date

MACT standard

10/30/03

Combustion Turbines.

Lime Manufacturing.

Site Remediation.

Iron and Steel Foundries.

Taconite Iron Ore Processing.

Miscellaneous Organic Chemical Manufacturing (MON).1

Organic Liquids Distribution.

Primary Magnesium Refining.

Metal Can (Surface Coating).

Plastic Parts and Products (Surface Coating).

Chlorine Production.

Miscellaneous Metal Parts and Products (Surface Coating) (and Asphalt/Coal Tar Application-Metal Pipes).2

4/28/04

Industrial Boilers, Institutional/ Commercial Boilers and Process Heaters.3

Plywood and Composite Wood Products.

Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines.4

Auto and Light-Duty Truck (Surface Coating).

8/13/05

Industrial Boilers, Institutional/ Commercial Boilers, and Process Heaters.5

Hydrochloric Acid Production.6

1Covers 23 source categories; see Table 6-3B.

2Two source categories.

3lncludes all sources in the three categories Industrial Boilers, Institutional/Commercial Boilers, and Process Heaters that burn no hazardous waste.

4lncludes engines greater than 500 brake horsepower.

5Includes all sources in the three categories Industrial Boilers, Institutional/Commercial Boilers, and Process Heaters that burn hazardous waste.

6lncludes furnaces that produce acid from hazardous waste at sources in the category Hydrochloric Acid Production.

TABLE 6-3B.

MISCELLANEOUS ORGANIC NESHAP (MON) SOURCE CATEGORIES.

Manufacture of Paints, Coatings, and Adhesives.

Alkyd Resins Production.

Maleic Anhydride Copolymers Production.

Polyester Resins Production.

Polymerized Vinylidene Chloride Production.

Polymethyl Methacrylate Resins Production.

Polyvinyl Acetate Emulsions Production.

Polyvinyl Alcohol Production.

Polyvinyl Butyral Production.

Ammonium Sulfate Production-Caprolactam By-Product Plants.

Quaternary Ammonium Compounds Production.

Benzyltrimethylammonium Chloride Production.

Carbonyl Sulfide Production.

Chelating Agents Production.

Chlorinated Paraffins Production.

Ethylidene Norbornene Production.

Explosives Production.

Hydrazine Production.

OBPA/1,3-Diisocyanate Production.

Photographic Chemicals Production.

Phthalate Plasticizers Production.

Rubber Chemicals Manufacturing.

Symmetrical Tetrachloropyridine Production.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia, § 112 of the Clean Air Act, and 40 CFR Parts 61 and 63.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 17, Issue 4, eff. January 1, 2001; amended, Virginia Register Volume 19, Issue 3, eff. December 1, 2002; Volume 20, Issue 16, eff. July 1, 2004.

9VAC5-60-150. Application content for case-by-case MACT determinations.

A. The Part 1 application for a case-by-case MACT determination shall contain the following information:

1. The name and address (physical location) of the major source;

2. A brief description of the major source and an identification of the relevant source category;

3. An identification of the types of emissions points belonging to the relevant source category; and

4. An identification of any affected sources for which a hazardous air pollutant new source review program MACT determination has been made.

B. The following provisions govern the Part 2 application for a case-by-case MACT determination:

1. In compiling a Part 2 MACT application, the owner may cross-reference specific information in any prior submission by the owner to the board, but in cross-referencing such information the owner may not presume favorable action on any prior application or request that is still pending. In compiling a Part 2 MACT application, the owner may also cross-reference any part of a proposed emission standard for any category or subcategory that includes sources to which the Part 2 application applies.

2. The Part 2 application for a MACT determination shall contain the following information:

a. For a new affected source, the anticipated date of startup of operation.

b. Each emission point or group of emission points at the affected source that is part of a category or subcategory for which a Part 2 MACT application is required and each of the hazardous air pollutants emitted at those emission points. When the administrator has proposed an emission standard for a category or subcategory, such information may be limited to those emission points and hazardous air pollutants that would be subject to control under the proposed standard.

c. Any existing federal, state, or local limitations or requirements governing emissions of hazardous air pollutants from those emission points that are part of a category or subcategory for which a Part 2 application is required.

d. For each identified emission point or group of affected emission points, an identification of control technology in place.

e. Any additional emission data or other information specifically requested by the board.

C. The Part 2 application for a MACT determination may, but is not required to, contain the following information:

1. Recommended emission limitations for the affected source and support information consistent with 40 CFR 63.52(f). The owner may recommend a specific design, equipment, work practice, or operational standard, or combination thereof, as an emission limitation;

2. A description of the control technologies that shall apply to meet the emission limitations including technical information on the design, operation, size, estimated control efficiency, and any other information deemed appropriate by the board, and identification of the affected sources to which the control technologies shall be applied; and

3. Relevant parameters to be monitored and frequency of monitoring to demonstrate continuous compliance with the MACT emission limitation over the applicable reporting period.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia, § 112 of the Clean Air Act, and 40 CFR Parts 61 and 63.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 17, Issue 4, eff. January 1, 2001; amended, Virginia Register Volume 19, Issue 3, eff. December 1, 2002; Volume 20, Issue 16, eff. July 1, 2004.

9VAC5-60-160. Preconstruction review procedures for new affected sources subject to 9VAC5-60-140 C 1.

A. The review process for new affected sources is as follows:

1. If the board requires an owner to obtain or revise a federal operating permit before construction of the new affected source, or when the owner chooses to obtain or revise a federal operating permit before construction, the owner shall follow the administrative procedures established under the federal operating permit program before construction of the new affected source.

2. If an owner is not required to obtain or revise a federal operating permit before construction of the new affected source (and has not elected to do so), but the new affected source is covered by any preconstruction or pre-operation review requirements established pursuant to the hazardous air pollutant new source review program, then the owner shall comply with those requirements. If the new affected source is not subject to the hazardous air pollutant new source review program, the board will issue a MNSR permit in accordance with the MNSR permit procedures supplemented by the procedures set forth in subsections B through H of this section before construction or operation of the new affected source.

3. Regardless of the review process, the case-by-case MACT determination will be consistent with the principles established in 9VAC5-60-170. The application for the applicable new source review permit or a federal operating permit, permit modification, or administrative amendment, whichever is applicable, will include the documentation required by 9VAC5-60-150.

B. The board will provide for an enhanced review of MNSR permits used to implement case-by-case MACT determinations in accordance with the following review procedures and compliance requirements:

1. The board will notify the owner in writing as to whether the application for a case-by-case MACT determination is complete or whether additional information is required.

2. The board will approve an applicant's proposed control technology, or the board will notify the owner in writing of its intention to disapprove a control technology.

3. The owner may present in writing, within a time frame specified by the board, additional information, considerations, or amendments to the application before the board's issuance of a final disapproval.

4. The board will issue a preliminary approval or issue a disapproval of the application taking into account additional information received from the owner.

5. A determination to disapprove any application will be in writing and will specify the grounds on which the disapproval is based.

6. Approval of an applicant's proposed control technology will be set forth in a MNSR permit as described in 9VAC5-60-140 F.

C. The board will provide opportunity for public comment on the preliminary MNSR permit prior to issuance, including, at a minimum:

1. Availability for public inspection, in at least one location in the area affected, of the information submitted by the owner and of the board's tentative determination;

2. A period for submittal of public comment of at least 30 days;

3. A notice by prominent advertisement in the area affected of the location of the source information and analysis specified in 9VAC5-60-140 F. The form and content of the notice will be substantially equivalent to that found in 9VAC5-80-270 or 9VAC5-80-670; and

4. An opportunity for a public hearing if one is requested. The board will give at least 30 days' notice in advance of any hearing.

D. The board will send copies of the preliminary permit (in time for comment) and final permit required by subsection C of this section to the administrator through the appropriate regional office, to affected states, and to all other state and local air pollution control agencies having jurisdiction in the region in which the new source would be located. The board will provide EPA with a review period for the final permit of at least 45 days, and will not issue the final MNSR permit until EPA objections are satisfied.

E. An owner of a major source that is subject to a case-by-case MACT determination shall comply with notification, operation and maintenance, performance testing, monitoring, reporting, and recordkeeping requirements established under 9VAC5-60-140 F 2, under the federal operating permit program, and at the discretion of the board, under Subpart A of 40 CFR Part 63. The board will provide the EPA with the opportunity to review compliance requirements for consistency with requirements established pursuant to the federal operating permit program during the review period under subsection D of this section.

F. If the board requires a new source review permit for a new source case-by-case MACT determination under this article, such requirement will not necessitate a determination under Subpart E of 40 CFR Part 63.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia, § 112 of the Clean Air Act, and 40 CFR Parts 61 and 63.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 17, Issue 4, eff. January 1, 2001; amended, Virginia Register Volume 19, Issue 3, eff. December 1, 2002; Volume 20, Issue 16, eff. July 1, 2004.

9VAC5-60-170. Maximum achievable control technology (MACT) determinations for affected sources subject to case-by-case determination of equivalent emission limitations.

A. The board will determine whether the Part 1 and Part 2 MACT application is complete or an application for a MNSR permit is approvable. In either case, when the application is complete or approvable, the board will establish hazardous air pollutant emissions limitations equivalent to the limitations that would apply if an emission standard had been issued in a timely manner under § 112(d) or (h) of the federal Clean Air Act. The board will establish these emissions limitations consistent with the following requirements and principles:

1. Emission limitations will be established for the equipment and activities within the affected sources within a source category or subcategory for which the deadline in § 112(j) of the federal Clean Air Act has passed.

2. Each emission limitation for an existing affected source will reflect the maximum degree of reduction in emissions of hazardous air pollutants (including a prohibition on such emissions, where achievable) that the board, taking into consideration the cost of achieving such emission reduction and any nonair quality health and environmental impacts and energy requirements, determines is achievable by affected sources in the category or subcategory for which the deadline in § 112(j) of the federal Clean Air Act has passed. This limitation will not be less stringent than the MACT floor, which will be established by the board according to the requirements of § 112(d)(3)(A) and (B) of the federal Clean Air Act and will be based upon available information.

3. Each emission limitation for a new affected source will reflect the maximum degree of reduction in emissions of hazardous air pollutants (including a prohibition on such emissions, where achievable) that the board, taking into consideration the cost of achieving such emission reduction and any nonair quality health and environmental impacts and energy requirements, determines is achievable. This limitation will not be less stringent than the emission limitation achieved in practice by the best controlled similar source that will be established by the board according to the requirements of § 112(d)(3) of the federal Clean Air Act. This limitation will be based upon available information.

4. The board will select a specific design, equipment, work practice, or operational standard, or combination thereof, when it is not feasible to prescribe or enforce an equivalent emission limitation due to the nature of the process or pollutant. It is not feasible to prescribe or enforce a limitation when the administrator determines that hazardous air pollutants cannot be emitted through a conveyance designed and constructed to capture such pollutant, or that any requirement for, or use of, such a conveyance would be inconsistent with any federal, state, or local law, or the application of measurement methodology to a particular class of sources is not practicable due to technological and economic limitations.

5. Nothing in this article will prevent the board from establishing an emission limitation more stringent than required by federal regulations.

B. The owner shall submit additional copies of its Part 1 and Part 2 MACT application for a federal operating permit, permit revision, or MNSR permit, whichever is applicable, to the EPA at the same time the material is submitted to the board.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia, § 112 of the Clean Air Act, and 40 CFR Parts 61 and 63.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 17, Issue 4, eff. January 1, 2001; amended, Virginia Register Volume 19, Issue 3, eff. December 1, 2002; Volume 20, Issue 16, eff. July 1, 2004.

9VAC5-60-180. Requirements for case-by-case determination of equivalent emission limitations after promulgation of a subsequent MACT standard.

A. If the administrator promulgates a MACT standard that is applicable to one or more affected source within a major source before the date a federal operating permit application under this subsection is approved, the permit will contain the promulgated standard rather than the emission limitation determined under 9VAC5-60-140, and the owner shall comply with the promulgated standard by the compliance date in the promulgated standard.

B. If the administrator promulgates a MACT standard under § 112(d) or § 112(h) of the federal Clean Air Act that is applicable to a source after the date a federal operating permit is issued pursuant to 9VAC5-60-140 or 9VAC5-60-160, the board will incorporate requirements of that standard in the permit upon its next renewal. The board will establish a compliance date in the revised federal operating permit that assures that the owner shall comply with the promulgated standard within a reasonable time, but not longer than eight years after such standard is promulgated or eight years after the date by which the owner was first required to comply with the emission limitation established by the federal operating permit, whichever is earlier. However, in no event will the period for compliance for existing sources be shorter than that provided for existing sources in the promulgated standard.

C. Notwithstanding the requirements of subsections A and B of this section, the requirements of subdivisions 1 and 2 of this subsection apply.

1. If the administrator promulgates a MACT standard under § 112(d) or (h) of the federal Clean Air Act that is applicable to an affected source after the date a federal operating permit application is approved under 9VAC5-60-140 or 9VAC5-60-160, the board is not required to change the emission limitation in the federal operating permit to reflect the promulgated standard if the board determines that the level of control required by the emission limitation in the federal operating permit is substantially as effective as that required by the promulgated standard pursuant to 40 CFR 63.1(e).

2. If the administrator promulgates an emission standard under § 112(d) or (h) of the federal Clean Air Act that is applicable to an affected source after the date a permit application is approved under 9VAC5-60-140 or 9VAC5-60-160, and the level of control required by the promulgated standard is less stringent than the level of control required by any emission limitation in the prior MACT determination, the board is not required to incorporate any less stringent emission limitation of the promulgated standard in the federal operating permit and may in its discretion consider any more stringent provisions of the MACT determination to be applicable legal requirements when issuing or revising such a federal operating permit.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia, § 112 of the Clean Air Act, and 40 CFR Parts 61 and 63.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 17, Issue 4, eff. January 1, 2001; amended, Virginia Register Volume 19, Issue 3, eff. December 1, 2002; Volume 20, Issue 16, eff. July 1, 2004.

Article 4
Emission Standards for Toxic Pollutants from Existing Sources (Rule 6-4)

9VAC5-60-200. Applicability and designation of affected facility.

A. Except as provided in subsections C, D, and E of this section, the affected facility to which the provisions of this article apply is each stationary source that emits or may emit any toxic pollutant and which is not subject to Article 5 (9VAC5-60-300 et seq.) of this part. Implementation of this article shall occur upon notification to the owner by the board through means such as an information request from the board or an operating permit review under Article 5 (9VAC5-80-800 et seq.) of Part II of 9VAC5 Chapter 80.

B. The provisions of this article apply throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia.

C. This article shall not apply to the following:

1. A stationary source that has a potential to emit a toxic pollutant with a TLV® at a level equal to or less than the exemption emission rate calculated using the exemption formulas set forth below for the applicable TLV®. If more than one exemption formula applies to a toxic pollutant emitted by a source, the potential to emit for that pollutant shall be equal to or less than both applicable exemption formulas in order for the source to be exempted for that pollutant. The exemption formulas apply on an individual basis to each toxic pollutant for which a TLV® has been established.

a. For toxic pollutants with a TLV-C®, the following exemption formula applies, provided the potential to emit does not exceed 22.8 pounds per hour:

Exempt Emission Rate (pounds per hour) = TLV-C® (mg/m³) x 0.033

b. For toxic pollutants with both a TLV-STEL® and a TLV-TWA®, the following exemption formulas apply, provided the potential to emit does not exceed 22.8 pounds per hour or 100 tons per year:

Exempt Emission Rate (pounds per hour) = TLV-STEL® (mg/m³) x 0.033

Exempt Emission Rate (tons per year) = TLV-TWA® (mg/m³) x 0.145

c. For toxic pollutants with only a TLV-TWA®, the following exemption formulas apply, provided the potential to emit does not exceed 22.8 pounds per hour or 100 tons per year:

Exempt Emission Rate (pounds per hour) = TLV-TWA® (mg/m³) x 0.066

Exempt Emission Rate (tons per year) = TLV-TWA® (mg/m³) x 0.145

2. A stationary source that has a potential to emit a toxic pollutant without a TLV® if, upon the owner's request, the board determines to exempt that toxic pollutant from the provisions of this article using available health effects information.

The exemption determination shall be made by the board using information submitted by the owner at the request of the board as set out in 9VAC5-60-240.

3. A stationary source subject to an emission standard or other requirement set forth in Article 2 (9VAC5-60-10 et seq.) of this part. If less than all of the stationary source is regulated by such an emission standard or other requirement, then only that part of the stationary source regulated by the emission standard or other requirement is exempted.

4. A stationary source in a source category that is regulated by an emission standard or other requirement established pursuant to § 112 of the federal Clean Air Act and subject to the source category schedule for standards. If less than all of the stationary source is in a source category that is regulated by such an emission standard or other requirement, then only that part of the stationary source in the source category regulated by the emission standard or other requirement is exempted.

5. A stationary source in a source category for which the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has made a formal determination that no regulations or other requirements need to be established pursuant to § 112 of the federal Clean Air Act and has published the determination in the source category schedule for standards.

6. A boiler, incinerator, or industrial furnace as defined in 40 CFR 260.10 and subject to 9VAC20 Chapter 60 (9VAC20-60), provided it (i) meets the 99.99% destruction and removal efficiency standard required by 9VAC20 Chapter 60 (9VAC20-60), and (ii) has received a permit or has qualified for interim status in accordance with 9VAC20 Chapter 60 (9VAC20-60). The board shall be furnished with an acceptable certification that such boiler, incinerator, or industrial furnace is in compliance with the standards of its permit or interim status and applicable provisions of 9VAC20 Chapter 60 (9VAC20-60). Unless exempted under 9VAC5-60-200 C 4, facilities that burn hazardous waste for energy recovery are subject to this article.

7. A generator or boiler that burns only natural gas, #2 fuel oil, #4 fuel oil, #6 fuel oil, propane, or kerosene.

D. Provisions of this article do not apply to any consumer product used in the same manner as normal consumer use, provided the use results in a duration and frequency of exposure which is not greater than exposures experienced by consumers. This may include, but not be limited to, personal use items, janitorial cleaning supplies, and facility grounds maintenance products, such as fertilizers, pesticides, and paints for structural components.

E. With regard to the application of pesticides, the provisions of this article shall apply only to the air quality impact from emissions from application inside the premises of the following affected facilities:

1. Industrial and manufacturing operations, including warehouse and storage operations related to the operation of these facilities.

2. Warehouse and storage operations at transportation terminals.

The provisions of this article shall not apply to the air quality impact from emissions from the application of any pesticide outside.

F. No provision of this article shall limit the power of the board to apply the provisions of this article to any affected facility in order to prevent or remedy a condition that may cause or contribute to the endangerment of human health.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 2002; Errata, 18:17 VA.R. 2183 May 6, 2002.

9VAC5-60-210. Definitions.

A. For the purpose of the Regulations for the Control and Abatement of Air Pollution and subsequent amendments or any orders issued by the board, the words or terms shall have the meanings given them in subsection C of this section.

B. As used in this article, all terms not defined here shall have the meanings given them in 9VAC5 Chapter 10 (9VAC5-10-10 et seq.), unless otherwise required by context.

C. Terms defined.

"Fugitive emissions" means those emissions that could not reasonably pass through a stack, chimney, vent, or other functionally equivalent opening.

"Pesticide" means the same as the definition given in § 3.1-249.27 of the Virginia Pesticide Control Act.

"Potential to emit" means an emission rate based on the maximum capacity of a stationary source to emit a toxic pollutant under its physical and operational design. Any physical or operational limitation on the capacity of the source to emit a toxic pollutant, including air pollution control equipment, and restrictions on hours of operation or on the type or amount of material combusted, stored, or processed, shall be treated as part of its design only if the limitation or its effect on emissions is state or federally enforceable. Fugitive emissions shall be included in determining a stationary source's potential to emit.

"Significant ambient air concentration" means the concentration of a toxic pollutant in the ambient air that if exceeded may have the potential to injure human health.

"Source category schedule for standards" means the schedule issued pursuant to § 112(e) of the federal Clean Air Act for promulgating MACT standards issued pursuant to § 112(d) of the federal Clean Air Act and published in the Federal Register at 67 FR 6521, February 12, 2002.

"Threshold limit value (TLV®)" means the maximum airborne concentration of a substance to which the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) believes that nearly all workers may be repeatedly exposed day after day without adverse effects and which is published in the ACGIH Handbook (see 9VAC5-20-21). The TLV® is divided into three categories: TLV-Time-Weighted Average® (TLV-TWA®), TLV-Short-Term Exposure Limit® (TLV-STEL®), and TLV-Ceiling® (TLV-C®).

"TLV-TWA®" means the time-weighted average concentration for a normal eight-hour workday and a 40-hour workweek, to which nearly all workers may be repeatedly exposed, day after day, without adverse effect (as defined in the ACGIH Handbook).

"TLV-STEL®" means the concentration to which workers may be exposed continuously for a short period of time without suffering from irritation, chronic or irreversible tissue damage, or narcosis of sufficient degree to increase the likelihood of accidental injury, impair self-rescue or materially reduce work efficiency. The TLV-STEL® supplements the TLV-TWA® where there are recognized acute effects from a substance whose toxic effects are primarily of a chronic nature.

"TLV-C®" means the concentration that should not be exceeded during any part of the working exposure.

"Toxic pollutant" means any air pollutant listed in § 112(b) of the federal Clean Air Act, as revised by 40 CFR 63.60, or any other air pollutant that the board determines, through adoption of regulation, to present a significant risk to public health. This term excludes asbestos, fine mineral fibers, radionuclides, and any glycol ether that does not have a TLV®.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 2002.

9VAC5-60-220. Standard for toxic pollutants.

If a stationary source is not exempt under 9VAC5-60-200 C, D, or E, then the following standards shall be met:

1. Regardless of any provision of any other regulation of the board, no owner or other person shall cause or permit to be discharged into the atmosphere from any affected facility any emissions of toxic pollutants in such quantities as to cause, or contribute to, any significant ambient air concentration that may cause, or contribute to, the endangerment of human health.

2. The owner of an affected facility shall employ control strategies as may be directed by the board for the control of toxic pollutants. The board may consider the potency and toxicity of each regulated toxic pollutant as well as the technical and economic feasibility of any available control strategies. Possible control strategies may include but are not limited to emission control equipment, process changes, substitution of less toxic or nontoxic materials, or operation and maintenance procedures which lower or eliminate emissions of toxic pollutants.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 2002.

9VAC5-60-230. Significant ambient air concentration guidelines.

For the purpose of case-by-case consideration between the board and the owner, significant ambient air concentrations are any of the following:

1. For pollutants with a TLV-C®, any one-hour concentration of a toxic pollutant in excess of 1/40 of the TLV-C®.

2. For pollutants with both a TLV-STEL® and a TLV-TWA®, any one-hour concentration of a toxic pollutant in excess of 1/40 of the TLV-STEL® and any annual concentration of a toxic pollutant in excess of 1/500 of the TLV-TWA®.

3. For pollutants with only a TLV-TWA®, any annual concentration of a toxic pollutant in excess of 1/500 of the TLV-TWA® and any one-hour concentration of a toxic pollutant in excess of 1® of the TLV-TWA®.

4. Any concentration resulting from the emissions of a toxic pollutant from an affected facility which the owner knows, or reasonably should be expected to know, may cause, or contribute to, the endangerment of human health.

5. Any concentration, other than those specified in subdivision 1, 2, 3, or 4 of this section, including those resulting from toxic pollutants not having a TLV®, which the board determines to cause, to have the potential to cause, or to contribute to, the endangerment of human health. This determination shall be made by considering information by recognized authorities on the specific health effects of such toxic pollutants.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 2002.

9VAC5-60-240. Submittal of information.

The owner of an affected facility shall upon the request of the board submit such information as may be needed to determine the applicability of, or compliance with, this article. The board may determine the manner and form for the submittal of the information. Such information shall be submitted within 60 days of the request. Reasonable extensions may be granted when deemed appropriate by the board for extensive information gathering, such as emissions testing or review of large and complex facilities, and only if the request is accompanied by a written schedule.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 2002.

9VAC5-60-250. Determination of ambient air concentrations.

A. The owner shall, upon the request of the board, provide an assessment as to whether his facility emits, or may emit, any toxic pollutant in such quantities as to cause, or contribute to, any concentration exceeding, or which may exceed, any significant ambient air concentration.

B. Ambient air concentrations shall be determined using air quality analysis techniques (modeling) based on emission rates equal to the potential to emit of the stationary source for the applicable averaging time or any other method acceptable to the board.

C. Ambient air concentrations shall include all emissions from the stationary source, including those from sources exempted under 9VAC5-60-200 C.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 2002.

9VAC5-60-260. Compliance.

A. If the board has reason to believe that the emissions from an affected facility are, or may be, discharged in such quantities so as to cause, or contribute to, any ambient air concentration that is (i) in excess of any significant ambient air concentration specified in 9VAC5-60-230 or (ii) has the potential to cause or contribute to substantial and imminent endangerment of human health, the owner shall choose one or more of the following options and comply with the schedules contained in subsection B of this section.

1. Demonstrate that the emissions from the facility do not, and will not, cause, or contribute to, any of the significant ambient air concentrations in 9VAC5-60-230 being exceeded.

2. Demonstrate that the applicable significant ambient air concentration in 9VAC5-60-230 is inappropriate for the toxic pollutant in question by showing that the emissions from the affected facility produce no endangerment of human health.

3. Control the emissions from the affected facility to a level resulting in ambient air concentrations that are below the significant ambient air concentrations or resulting in such other ambient air concentrations acceptable to the board.

B. The owner shall notify the board of his choice under subsection A of this section within 45 days of notification by the department that his facility exceeds the significant ambient air concentration specified in 9VAC9-60-230. Within 45 days of notifying the board of the option under subsection A of this section, the owner shall submit a plan and schedule to the board for approval. If the owner fails to submit either his choice of an option as set out in subsection A of this section or a plan and schedule to implement that option, the board shall require the owner, on a schedule set out by the board, to comply with subdivision A 3 of this section. None of the times specified in this subsection include time needed for board approval. Reasonable extensions may be granted when deemed appropriate by the board.

C. Failure of the owner to accomplish any of the alternatives set forth in subsection A of this section in a manner acceptable to the board shall constitute a violation of 9VAC5-60-220.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 2002.

9VAC5-60-270. Public participation.

If the owner of an affected facility chooses the demonstration under 9VAC5-60-260 A 2, the provisions of this section shall apply.

1. Prior to the decision of the board on the acceptability of the demonstration, the demonstration shall be subject to a public comment period of at least 30 days.

2. The board shall notify the public of the opportunity for public comment on the information available for public inspection under the provisions of subdivision 3 of this section. The notification shall be made by advertisement in one newspaper of general circulation in the affected air quality control region and, if available, one newspaper that circulates in the area where the affected facility is located. A copy of the notice shall be sent to the governing body of the locality where the affected facility is located and to the governing bodies of the localities where ambient air quality impacts from the affected facility exceed the significant ambient air concentration guidelines in 9VAC5-60-230. The notice shall include a brief description of the pollutants of concern and their possible impacts, the demonstration, a statement listing the requirements in subdivisions 4 and 5 of this section, and the name and telephone number of a department staff person from whom detailed information on the demonstration and the pollutants may be obtained.

3. Information relevant to the demonstration, including (i) information produced by the owner showing that the emissions from the affected facility do not endanger human health and (ii) the preliminary review, analysis and tentative determination of the board, shall be available for public inspection during the entire comment period in at least one location in the affected air quality control region.

4. Following the initial publication of notice of a public comment period, the board will receive written requests for a public hearing to consider the source's demonstration under 9VAC5-60-260 A 2. The request shall be submitted within 30 days of the appearance of the notice in the newspaper. Request for a public hearing shall contain the following information:

a. The name, mailing address and telephone number of the requester;

b. The names and addresses of all persons for whom the requester is acting as a representative;

c. The reason why a hearing is requested; and

d. A brief, informal statement setting forth the factual nature and the extent of the interest of the requester or of the persons for whom the requester is acting as representative, including an explanation of how and to what extent such interest would be directly and adversely affected by the demonstration in question.

5. The board shall review all timely requests for public hearing filed during the 30 days following the appearance of the public comment notice in the newspaper. Within 30 calendar days following the expiration of the public comment period the board shall grant a public hearing if it finds that one or both of the following apply:

a. There is significant public interest in the demonstration in question.

b. There are substantial, disputed issues relevant to the demonstration in question.

6. The board shall notify by mail the owner making the demonstration and each requester, at his last known address, of the decision to convene or deny a public hearing. The notice shall contain a description of the procedures for the public hearing and for the final determination under this section.

7. If the board decides to hold a public hearing, the hearing shall be scheduled at a time between 30 and 60 days after mailing the notification required by subdivision 6 of this section. The public hearing shall be held in the affected air quality control region.

8. The procedures for notification to the public and availability of information used for the public comment period and provided in subdivisions 2 and 3 of this section shall also be followed for the public hearing.

NOTE: In adopting amendments to this article to be effective May 1, 2002, the board renumbered the sections. In the interest of economy and efficiency, the board did not make the corresponding change at each place the old section numbers occur throughout the Regulations for the Control and Abatement of Air Pollution. However, it is the intent of the board to make that change in other parts of the regulations as the opportunity presents itself. Until such changes are made, the old section numbers (9VAC5-40-160 through 9VAC5-40-230) shall be construed to mean the new section numbers (9VAC5-60-200 through 9VAC5-60-270) throughout the regulations of the board.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 2002.

Article 5
Emission Standards for Toxic Pollutants from New and Modified Sources (Rule 6-5)

9VAC5-60-300. Applicability and designation of affected facility.

A. Except as provided in subsections C, D, and E of this section, the affected facility to which the provisions of this article apply is each stationary source that emits or may emit any toxic pollutant and that either (i) is subject to the new source review program or (ii) has a permit containing emission limits and other requirements pursuant to this article.

B. The provisions of this article apply throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia.

C. This article shall not apply to the following:

1. A stationary source that has a potential to emit a toxic pollutant with a TLV® at a level equal to or less than the exemption emission rate calculated using the exemption formulas set forth below for the applicable TLV®. If more than one exemption formula applies to a toxic pollutant emitted by a source, the potential to emit for that pollutant shall be equal to or less than both applicable exemption formulas in order for the source to be exempted for that pollutant. The exemption formulas apply on an individual basis to each toxic pollutant for which a TLV® has been established.

a. For toxic pollutants with a TLV-C®, the following exemption formula applies, provided the potential to emit does not exceed 22.8 pounds per hour:

Exempt Emission Rate (pounds per hour) = TLV-C®(mg/m3) X 0.033

b. For toxic pollutants with both a TLV-STEL® and a TLV-TWA®, the following exemption formulas apply, provided the potential to emit does not exceed 22.8 pounds per hour or 100 tons per year:

Exempt Emission Rate (pounds per hour) = TLV-STEL®(mg/m3) X 0.033

Exempt Emission Rate (tons per year) = TLV-TWA®(mg/m3) X 0.145

c. For toxic pollutants with only a TLV-TWA®, the following exemption formulas apply, provided the potential to emit does not exceed 22.8 pounds per hour or 100 tons per year:

Exempt Emission Rate (pounds per hour) = TLV-TWA®(mg/m3) X 0.066

Exempt Emission Rate (tons per year) = TLV-TWA®(mg/m3) X 0.145

2. A stationary source that has a potential to emit any toxic pollutant without a TLV® if, upon the owner's request, the board determines to exempt that toxic pollutant from the provisions of this article using available health effects information.

The exemption determination shall be made by the board using information submitted by the owner at the request of the board as set out in 9VAC5-60-340.

3. A stationary source subject to an emission standard or other requirement set forth in Article 2 (9VAC5-60-10 et seq.) of this part. If less than all of the stationary source is regulated by such an emission standard or other requirement, then only that part of the stationary source regulated by the emission standard or other requirement is exempted.

4. A stationary source in a source category that is regulated by an emission standard or other requirement established pursuant to § 112 of the federal Clean Air Act and subject to the source category schedule for standards. If less than all of the stationary source is in a source category that is regulated by such an emission standard or other requirement, then only that part of the stationary source in the source category regulated by the emission standard or other requirement is exempted.

5. A stationary source in a source category for which the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has made a formal determination that no regulations or other requirements need to be established pursuant to § 112 of the federal Clean Air Act and has published the determination in the source category schedule for standards.

6. A boiler, incinerator, or industrial furnace as defined in 40 CFR 260.10 and subject to 9VAC20 Chapter 60 (9VAC20-60), provided it (i) meets the 99.99% destruction and removal efficiency standard required by 9VAC20 Chapter 60 (9VAC20-60), and (ii) has received a permit or has qualified for interim status in accordance with 9VAC20 Chapter 60 (9VAC20-60). The board shall be furnished with an acceptable certification that such boiler, incinerator, or industrial furnace is in compliance with the standards of its permit or interim status and applicable provisions of 9VAC20 Chapter 60 (9VAC20-60). Unless exempted under 9VAC5-60-300 C 4, facilities that burn hazardous waste for energy recovery are subject to this article.

7. A generator or boiler that burns only natural gas, #2 fuel oil, #4 fuel oil, #6 fuel oil, propane, or kerosene.

D. Provisions of this article do not apply to any consumer product used in the same manner as normal consumer use, provided the use results in a duration and frequency of exposure which is not greater than exposures experienced by consumers. This may include, but not be limited to, personal use items, janitorial cleaning supplies, and facility grounds maintenance products, such as fertilizers, pesticides, and paints for structural components.

E. With regard to the application of pesticides, the provisions of this article shall apply only to the air quality impact from emissions from application inside the premises of the following affected facilities:

1. Industrial and manufacturing operations, including warehouse and storage operations related to the operation of these facilities.

2. Warehouse and storage operations at transportation terminals.

The provisions of this article shall not apply to the air quality impact from emissions from the application of any pesticide outside.

F. No provision of this article shall limit the power of the board to apply the provisions of this article to any affected facility in order to prevent or remedy a condition that may cause or contribute to the endangerment of human health.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 2002; Errata, 18:17 VA.R. 2183 May 6, 2002.

9VAC5-60-310. Definitions.

A. For the purpose of the Regulations for the Control and Abatement of Air Pollution and subsequent amendments or any orders issued by the board, the words or terms shall have the meanings given them in subsection C of this section.

B. As used in this article, all terms not defined here shall have the meanings given them in 9VAC5 Chapter 10 (9VAC5-10), unless otherwise required by context.

C. Terms defined.

"Best available control technology" means an emissions limitation (including a visible emissions standard) based on the maximum degree of reduction for each toxic pollutant which the board, on a case-by-case basis, taking into account energy, environmental, and economic impacts and other costs, determines is achievable for such source or modification through application of production processes or available methods, systems, and techniques, including fuel cleaning or treatment or innovative fuel combustion techniques for control of such pollutant. If the board determines that technological or economic limitations on the application of measurement methodology to a particular emissions unit would make the imposition of an emissions standard infeasible, a design, equipment, work practice, operational standard, or combination of them, may be prescribed instead to satisfy the requirement for the application of best available control technology. Such standard shall, to the degree possible, set forth the emissions reduction achievable by implementation of such design, equipment, work practice or operation, and shall provide for compliance by means which achieve equivalent results.

"Fugitive emissions" means those emissions that could not reasonably pass through a stack, chimney, vent, or other functionally equivalent opening.

"Pesticide" means the same as the definition given in § 3.1-249.27 of the Virginia Pesticide Control Act.

"Potential to emit" means an emission rate based on the maximum capacity of a stationary source to emit a toxic pollutant under its physical and operational design. Any physical or operational limitation on the capacity of the source to emit a toxic pollutant, including air pollution control equipment, and restrictions on hours of operation or on the type or amount of material combusted, stored, or processed, shall be treated as part of its design only if the limitation or its effect on emissions is state or federally enforceable. Fugitive emissions shall be included in determining a stationary source's potential to emit.

"Significant ambient air concentration" means the concentration of a toxic pollutant in the ambient air that if exceeded may have the potential to injure human health.

"Source category schedule for standards" means the schedule issued pursuant to § 112(e) of the federal Clean Air Act for promulgating MACT standards issued pursuant to § 112(d) of the federal Clean Air Act and published in the Federal Register at 67 FR 6521, February 12, 2002.

"Threshold limit value (TLV®)" means the maximum airborne concentration of a substance to which the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) believes that nearly all workers may be repeatedly exposed day after day without adverse effects and which is published in the ACGIH Handbook (see 9VAC5-20-21). The TLV® is divided into three categories: TLV-Time-Weighted Average® (TLV-TWA®), TLV-Short-Term Exposure Limit® (TLV-STEL®), and TLV-Ceiling® (TLV-C®).

"TLV-TWA®" means the time-weighted average concentration for a normal eight-hour workday and a 40-hour workweek, to which nearly all workers may be repeatedly exposed, day after day, without adverse effect (as defined in the ACGIH Handbook).

"TLV-STEL®" means the concentration to which workers may be exposed continuously for a short period of time without suffering from irritation, chronic or irreversible tissue damage, or narcosis of sufficient degree to increase the likelihood of accidental injury, impair self-rescue or materially reduce work efficiency. The TLV-STEL supplements the TLV-TWA® where there are recognized acute effects from a substance whose toxic effects are primarily of a chronic nature.

"TLV-C®" means the concentration that should not be exceeded during any part of the working exposure.

"Toxic pollutant" means any air pollutant listed in § 112(b) of the federal Clean Air Act, as revised by 40 CFR 63.60, or any other air pollutant that the board determines, through adoption of regulation, to present a significant risk to public health. This term excludes asbestos, fine mineral fibers, radionuclides, and any glycol ether that does not have a TLV®.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 2002.

9VAC5-60-320. Standard for toxic pollutants.

If a stationary source is not exempt under 9VAC5-60-300 C, D, or E, then the following standards shall be met:

1. Regardless of any provision of any other regulation of the board, no owner or other person shall cause or permit to be discharged into the atmosphere from any affected facility any emissions of toxic pollutants in such quantities as to cause, or contribute to, any significant ambient air concentration that may cause, or contribute to, the endangerment of human health.

2. The owner of new or modified sources shall employ best available control technology as may be approved by the board for the control of toxic pollutants.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 2002.

9VAC5-60-330. Significant ambient air concentration guidelines.

For the purpose of case-by-case consideration between the board and the owner, significant ambient air concentrations are any of the following:

1. For pollutants with a TLV-C®, any one-hour concentration of a toxic pollutant in excess of 1/40 of the TLV-C®.

2. For pollutants with both a TLV-STEL® and a TLV-TWA®, any one-hour concentration of a toxic pollutant in excess of 1/40 of the TLV-STEL® and any annual concentration of a toxic pollutant in excess of 1/500 of the TLV-TWA®.

3. For pollutants with only a TLV-TWA®, any annual concentration of a toxic pollutant in excess of 1/500 of the TLV-TWA® and any one-hour concentration of a toxic pollutant in excess of 1/20 of the TLV-TWA®.

4. Any concentration resulting from the emissions of a toxic pollutant from an affected facility which the owner knows, or reasonably should be expected to know, may cause, or contribute to, the endangerment of human health.

5. Any concentration, other than those specified in subdivision 1, 2, 3, or 4 of this section, including those resulting from toxic pollutants not having a TLV®, which the board determines to cause, to have the potential to cause, or to contribute to, the endangerment of human health. This determination will be made by considering information by recognized authorities on the specific health effects of such toxic pollutants.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 2002.

9VAC5-60-340. Submittal of information.

The owner of an affected facility shall upon the request of the board submit such information as may be needed to determine the applicability of, or compliance with, this article. The board may determine the schedule, manner and form for the submittal of the information.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 2002.

9VAC5-60-350. Determination of ambient air concentrations.

A. The owner shall, upon the request of the board, provide an assessment as to whether his facility emits, or may emit, any toxic pollutant in such quantities as to cause, or contribute to, any concentration exceeding, or which may exceed, any significant ambient air concentration.

B. Ambient air concentrations shall be determined using air quality analysis techniques (modeling) based on emission rates equal to the facility's potential to emit for the applicable averaging time or any other method acceptable to the board.

C. Ambient air concentrations shall include all emissions from the stationary source, including those from sources exempted under 9VAC5-60-300 C.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 2002.

9VAC5-60-360. Compliance.

If the board has reason to believe that the emissions from an affected facility are, or may be, discharged in such quantities so as to cause, or contribute to, any ambient air concentration that is (i) in excess of any significant ambient air concentration specified in 9VAC5-60-330 or (ii) has the potential to cause or contribute to substantial and imminent endangerment of human health, a permit shall not be issued until the owner complies with one or more of the following:

1. Demonstrate that the emissions from the facility do not, and will not, cause, or contribute to, any of the significant ambient air concentrations in 9VAC5-60-330 being exceeded.

2. Demonstrate that the applicable significant ambient air concentration in 9VAC5-60-330 is inappropriate for the toxic pollutant in question by showing that the emissions from the affected facility produce no endangerment of human health.

3. Control the emissions from the affected facility to a level resulting in ambient air concentrations that are below the significant ambient air concentrations or resulting in such other ambient air concentrations acceptable to the board.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 2002.

9VAC5-60-370. Public participation.

If the owner of an affected facility chooses the demonstration under subdivision 2 of 9VAC5-60-360, the provisions of this section shall apply.

1. Prior to the decision of the board on the acceptability of the demonstration, the demonstration shall be subject to a public comment period of at least 30 days.

2. The board shall notify the public of the opportunity for public comment on the information available for public inspection under the provisions of subdivision 3 of this section. The notification shall be made by advertisement in one newspaper of general circulation in the affected air quality control region and, if available, one newspaper that circulates in the area where the affected facility is located. A copy of the notice shall be sent to the governing body of the locality where the affected facility is located and to the governing bodies of the localities where ambient air quality impacts from the affected facility exceed the significant ambient air concentration guidelines in 9VAC5-60-330. The notice shall include a brief description of the pollutants of concern and their possible health impacts, the demonstration, a statement listing the requirements in subdivisions 4 and 5 of this section, and the name and telephone number of a department staff person from whom detailed information on the demonstration and the pollutants may be obtained.

3. Information relevant to the demonstration, including (i) information produced by the owner showing that the emissions from the affected facility do not endanger human health and (ii) the preliminary review, analysis and tentative determination of the board, shall be available for public inspection during the entire comment period in at least one location in the affected air quality control region.

4. Following the initial publication of notice of a public comment period, the board will receive written requests for a public hearing to consider the source's demonstration under subdivision 2 of 9VAC5-60-360. The request shall be submitted within 30 days of the appearance of the notice in the newspaper. Request for a public hearing shall contain the following information:

a. The name, mailing address and telephone number of the requester;

b. The names and addresses of all persons for whom the requester is acting as a representative;

c. The reason why a hearing is requested; and

d. A brief, informal statement setting forth the factual nature and the extent of the interest of the requester or of the persons for whom the requester is acting as representative, including an explanation of how and to what extent such interest would be directly and adversely affected by the demonstration in question.

5. The board shall review all timely requests for public hearing filed during the 30 days following the appearance of the public comment notice in the newspaper. Within 30 calendar days following the expiration of the public comment period the board shall grant a public hearing if it finds that one or both of the following apply:

a. There is significant public interest in the demonstration in question.

b. There are substantial, disputed issues relevant to the demonstration in question.

6. The board shall notify by mail the owner making the demonstration and each requester, at his last known address, of the decision to convene or deny a public hearing. The notice shall contain a description of the procedures for the public hearing and for the final determination under this section.

7. If the board determines to hold a public hearing, the hearing shall be scheduled at a time between 30 and 60 days after mailing the notification required by subdivision 6 of this section. The public hearing shall be held in the affected air quality control region.

8. The procedures for notification to the public and availability of information used for the public comment period and provided in subdivisions 2 and 3 of this section shall also be followed for the public hearing.

NOTE: In adopting amendments to this article to be effective May 1, 2002, the board renumbered the sections. In the interest of economy and efficiency, the board did not make the corresponding change at each place the old section numbers occur throughout the Regulations for the Control and Abatement of Air Pollution. However, it is the intent of the board to make that change in other parts of the regulations as the opportunity presents itself. Until such changes are made, the old section numbers (9VAC5-50-160 through 9VAC5-50-230) shall be construed to mean the new section numbers (9VAC5-60-300 through 9VAC5-60-370) throughout the regulations of the board.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 2002.



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