Code of Virginia

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Chapter 8.
Regulation of Traffic
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  • Article 1.
    General and Miscellaneous
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  • § 46.2-800
    Riding bicycles, electric personal assistive mobility devices, electric power-assisted bicycles, mopeds, or motorized skateboards or scooters; riding or driving animals
    § 46.2-800.1
    Riding animals on highways after sunset
    § 46.2-800.2
    Operation of off-road recreational vehicles in localities embraced by the Southwest Regional Recreation Authority
    § 46.2-800.3
    Driving in flooded areas prohibited
    § 46.2-801
    Chapter applicable to drivers of all vehicles regardless of ownership
    § 46.2-802
    Drive on right side of highways; penalty
    § 46.2-803
    Keep to the right in crossing intersections or railroads
    § 46.2-803.1
    Commercial motor vehicles limited to use of certain lanes of certain interstate highways
    § 46.2-804
    Special regulations applicable on highways laned for traffic; penalty
    § 46.2-805
    Lane-use control signals
    § 46.2-806
    One-way roadways and highways
    § 46.2-807
    Path of travel at circular intersections
    § 46.2-808
    Commonwealth Transportation Board may prohibit certain uses of controlled access highways; penalty
    § 46.2-808.1
    Use of crossovers on controlled access highways; penalty
    § 46.2-808.2
    Violations committed within highway safety corridor; report on benefits
    § 46.2-809
    Regulation of truck traffic on primary and secondary highways
    § 46.2-809.1
    Regulation of residential cut-through traffic by Board
    § 46.2-810
    Age limits for drivers of public passenger-carrying vehicles
    § 46.2-810.1
    Smoking in vehicle with a minor present; civil penalty
    § 46.2-811
    Coasting prohibited
    § 46.2-812
    Driving more than thirteen hours in twenty-four prohibited
    § 46.2-813
    Occupation of trailer being towed on highways
    § 46.2-814
    Driving through safety zone prohibited
    § 46.2-815
    Hauling certain cargoes through tunnels in violation of posted signs; penalty
    § 46.2-816
    Following too closely
    § 46.2-816.1
    Careless driving and infliction of injury or death on vulnerable road users; penalty
    § 46.2-817
    Disregarding signal by law-enforcement officer to stop; eluding police; penalties
    § 46.2-818
    Stopping vehicle of another; blocking access to premises; damaging or threatening commercial vehicle or operator thereof; penalties
    § 46.2-818.1
    Opening and closing motor vehicle doors; penalty
    § 46.2-818.2
    Use of handheld personal communications devices in certain motor vehicles; exceptions; penalty
  • Article 1.1.
    Toll Violations and Enforcement
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  • § 46.2-819
    Use of toll facility without payment of toll; circumstances to be considered in assessing penalty
    § 46.2-819.1
    Installation and use of photo-monitoring system or automatic vehicle identification system in conjunction with electronic or manual toll facilities; penalty
    § 46.2-819.2
    Driving a motor vehicle from establishment where motor fuel offered for sale; penalty
    § 46.2-819.3
    Use of toll facility without payment of toll; enforcement; penalty
    § 46.2-819.3:1
    Installation and use of video-monitoring system and automatic vehicle identification system in conjunction with all-electronic toll facilities; penalty
    § 46.2-819.4
    Smoking in proximity to gas pumps; penalty
    § 46.2-819.5
    Enforcement through use of photo-monitoring system or automatic vehicle identification system in conjunction with usage of Dulles Access Highway
    § 46.2-819.6
    Invoice for unpaid toll
    § 46.2-819.7
    § 46.2-819.8
    Toll grace period
    § 46.2-819.9
    Agreements for enforcement of tolling violations against nonresidents
    § 46.2-819.10
    Withholding of vehicle registration for enforcement of out-of-state toll violations
  • Article 2.
    Read all
  • § 46.2-820
    Right-of-way at uncontrolled intersections, generally
    § 46.2-821
    Vehicles before entering certain highways shall stop or yield right-of-way
    § 46.2-822
    Right-of-way at circular intersections
    § 46.2-823
    Unlawful speed forfeits right-of-way
    § 46.2-824
    Right-of-way at uncontrolled "T" intersections
    § 46.2-825
    Left turn traffic to yield right-of-way
    § 46.2-826
    Stop before entering public highway or sidewalk from private road, etc.; yielding right-of-way
    § 46.2-827
    Right-of-way of United States forces, troops, National Guard, etc.
    § 46.2-828
    Right-of-way for funeral processions under police or sheriff's escort; improper joining of, passing through, or interfering with processions prohibited; use of high beam headlights and hazard lights by vehicles traveling in funeral processions
    § 46.2-828.1
    Impeding or disrupting certain funeral processions; penalty
    § 46.2-828.2
    Impeding or disrupting vehicles operating under a valid highway hauling permit
    § 46.2-829
    Approach of law-enforcement or fire-fighting vehicles, rescue vehicles, or ambulances; violation as failure to yield right-of-way
  • Article 3.
    Traffic Signs, Lights, and Markings
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  • § 46.2-830
    Uniform traffic control devices on highways; drivers to obey traffic control devices; enforcement of section
    § 46.2-830.1
    Failure to obey highway sign where driver sleeping or resting
    § 46.2-830.2
    Pedestrians with disabilities; traffic signs
    § 46.2-831
    Unofficial traffic control devices prohibited; penalties
    § 46.2-832
    Damaging or removing traffic control devices or street address signs
    § 46.2-833
    Traffic lights; penalty
    § 46.2-833.01
    § 46.2-833.1
    Evasion of traffic control devices
    § 46.2-834
    Signals by law-enforcement officers, crossing guards, and flaggers
    § 46.2-835
    Right turn on steady red light after stopping
    § 46.2-836
    Left turn on steady red after stopping
  • Article 4.
    Read all
  • § 46.2-837
    Passing vehicles proceeding in opposite directions
    § 46.2-838
    Passing when overtaking a vehicle
    § 46.2-839
    Passing bicycle, electric personal assistive mobility device, electric power-assisted bicycle, moped, animal, or animal-drawn vehicle
    § 46.2-840
    § 46.2-841
    When overtaking vehicle may pass on right
    § 46.2-842
    Driver to give way to overtaking vehicle
    § 46.2-842.1
    Drivers to give way to certain overtaking vehicles on divided highways
    § 46.2-843
    Limitations on overtaking and passing
    § 46.2-844
    Passing stopped school buses; penalty; prima facie evidence; penalty
  • Article 5.
    Read all
  • § 46.2-845
    Limitation on U-turns
    § 46.2-846
    Required position and method of turning at intersections; local regulations
    § 46.2-847
    Left turns by bicycles, electric personal assistive mobility devices, electric power-assisted bicycles, and mopeds
  • Article 8.
    Read all
  • § 46.2-870
    Maximum speed limits generally
    § 46.2-871
    Maximum speed limit for school buses
    § 46.2-872
    Maximum speed limits for vehicles operating under special permits
    § 46.2-873
    Maximum speed limits at school crossings; penalty
    § 46.2-873.1
    Maximum speed limit on nonsurface-treated highways
    § 46.2-873.2
    Maximum speed limit on rural rustic roads
    § 46.2-874
    Maximum speed limit in business and residence districts
    § 46.2-874.1
    Exceptions to maximum speed limits in residence districts; penalty
    § 46.2-875
    Maximum speed limit on certain other highways in cities and towns
    § 46.2-876
    Maximum speed limit for passenger vehicles towing certain trailers
    § 46.2-877
    Minimum speed limits
    § 46.2-878
    Authority to change speed limits
    § 46.2-878.1
    Maximum speed limits in highway work zones; penalty
    § 46.2-878.2
    Maximum speed limits in certain residence districts of counties, cities, and towns; penalty
    § 46.2-878.2:1
    Maximum speed limits on certain roads
    § 46.2-878.3
    Prepayment of fines for violations of speed limits
    § 46.2-879
    No conviction for speeding in certain areas unless markers installed
    § 46.2-880
    Tables of speed and stopping distances
    § 46.2-881
    Special speed limitation on bridges, tunnels and interstates
    § 46.2-882
    Determining speed with various devices; certificate as to accuracy of device; arrest without warrant
    § 46.2-882.1
    Use of photo speed monitoring devices in highway work zones and school crossing zones; civil penalty
    § 46.2-883
    Signs indicating legal rate of speed and measurement of speed by radar
  • Article 9.
    Railroad Crossings
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  • § 46.2-884
    Railroad warning signals must be obeyed
    § 46.2-885
    When vehicles to stop at railroad grade crossings
    § 46.2-886
    When drivers of certain vehicles to stop, look, and listen at railroad crossings; crossing tracks without shifting gears
    § 46.2-887
    Moving crawler-type tractors, steam shovels, derricks, rollers, etc., over railroad grade crossings
  • Article 10.
    Stopping on Highways
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  • § 46.2-888
    Stopping on highways; removing motor vehicle from roadway
    § 46.2-889
    Location of parked vehicles
    § 46.2-890
    Stopping in vicinity of fire or emergency
    § 46.2-891
    Exemption for highway construction and maintenance vehicles
    § 46.2-892
    Rural mail carriers stopping on highways
    § 46.2-893
    Stopping on highways to discharge cargo or passengers; school buses
  • Article 11.
    Read all
  • § 46.2-894
    Duty of driver to stop, etc., in event of accident involving injury or death or damage to attended property; penalty
    § 46.2-895
    Duty of certain persons accompanying driver to report accidents involving injury, death, or damage to attended property
    § 46.2-896
    Duties of driver in event of accident involving damage only to unattended property
    § 46.2-897
    Duty of certain persons accompanying driver to report accidents involving damage only to unattended property
    § 46.2-898
    Reports are in addition to others
    § 46.2-899
    Article applies to accidents on private or public property
    § 46.2-900
    Penalty for violation of §§ 46.2-895 through 46.2-897
    § 46.2-901
    Suspension of driver's license for failure to report certain accidents
    § 46.2-902
    Leaving scene of accident when directed to do so by officer
    § 46.2-902.1
    Officer may require certain motorists to furnish proof of insurance or payment of fee for registration of an uninsured motor vehicle; penalty
  • Article 12.
    Read all
  • § 46.2-903
    Riding or driving vehicles on sidewalks; exceptions
    § 46.2-904
    Use of roller skates and skateboards on sidewalks and shared-use paths; operation of bicycles and certain motorized and electric items and devices on sidewalks, crosswalks, and shared-use paths; local ordinances
    § 46.2-904.1
    Electric power-assisted bicycles
    § 46.2-905
    Riding bicycles, electric personal assistive mobility devices, electric power-assisted bicycles, motorized skateboards or scooters, and mopeds on roadways and bicycle paths
    § 46.2-906
    Carrying articles or passengers on bicycles, electric personal assistive mobility devices, electric power-assisted bicycles, and mopeds
    § 46.2-906.1
    Local ordinances may require riders of bicycles, electric personal assistive mobility devices, and electric power-assisted bicycles to wear helmets
    § 46.2-907
    Overtaking and passing vehicles
    § 46.2-908
    Registration of bicycle, electric personal assistive mobility device, electric personal delivery device, and electric power-assisted bicycle serial numbers
    § 46.2-908.1
    Electric personal assistive mobility devices, electrically powered toy vehicles, electric power-assisted bicycles, and motorized skateboards or scooters
    § 46.2-908.1:1
    Personal delivery devices
  • Article 12.1.
    Low-Speed Vehicles
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  • § 46.2-908.2
    Low-speed vehicles; required equipment
    § 46.2-908.3
    Low-speed vehicles; operation on highways; license required; registration required; safety and emissions inspections not required
  • Article 13.
    Motorcycles and Mopeds and All-Terrain Vehicles
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  • § 46.2-909
    Riding on motorcycles, generally
    § 46.2-910
    Motorcycle and autocycle operators to wear helmets, etc.; certain sales prohibited; penalty
    § 46.2-911
    § 46.2-911.1
    Operation of motor-driven cycles on public highways prohibited
    § 46.2-912
    Operating motorcycle without headlight, horn or rearview mirror
    § 46.2-913
    Vendors of certain motorcycles to furnish statements of registration and licensing requirements
    § 46.2-914
    Limitations on operation of mopeds
    § 46.2-915
    Stickers required on mopeds
    § 46.2-915.1
    All-terrain vehicles and off-road motorcycles; penalty
    § 46.2-915.2
    Safety equipment for mopeds; effect of violation; penalty
    § 46.2-916
    Ordinances providing for the disposition of unregistered or unlicensed motorcycles
  • Article 13.1.
    Golf Cart and Utility Vehicle Operation
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  • § 46.2-916.1
    Golf cart and utility vehicle operations on public highways not otherwise designated for such operation
    § 46.2-916.2
    Designation of public highways for golf cart and utility vehicle operations
    § 46.2-916.3
    Limitations on golf cart and utility vehicle operations on designated public highways
  • Article 14.
    School Buses
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  • § 46.2-917
    Operation of yellow motor vehicles of certain seating capacity on state highways prohibited; exceptions; penalty
    § 46.2-917.1
    School buses hired to transport children
    § 46.2-917.2
    School buses operating under State Corporation Commission or Department certificate
    § 46.2-918
    School buses to be routed so as to avoid necessity of pupils' crossing divided highways
    § 46.2-919
    Age limit for drivers of school buses
    § 46.2-919.1
    Use of wireless telecommunications devices by persons driving school buses
  • Article 15.
    Emergency Vehicles
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  • § 46.2-920
    Certain vehicles exempt from regulations in certain situations; exceptions and additional requirements
    § 46.2-920.1
    Operation of tow trucks or vehicles owned or controlled by the Department of Transportation under certain circumstances; incident management
    § 46.2-920.2
    Operation of vehicles owned or controlled by the Wildlife Center of Virginia
    § 46.2-921
    Following or parking near fire apparatus or emergency medical services vehicle
    § 46.2-921.1
    § 46.2-922
    Driving over fire hose
  • Article 16.
    Read all
  • § 46.2-923
    How and where pedestrians to cross highways
    § 46.2-924
    Drivers to stop for pedestrians; installation of certain signs; penalty
    § 46.2-925
    Pedestrian control signals
    § 46.2-926
    Pedestrians stepping into highway where they cannot be seen
    § 46.2-927
    Boarding or alighting from buses
    § 46.2-928
    Pedestrians not to use roadway except when necessary; keeping to left
    § 46.2-929
    Pedestrians soliciting rides
    § 46.2-930
    Loitering on bridges or highway rights-of-way
    § 46.2-931
    Localities may prohibit or regulate distribution of handbills, etc., solicitation of contributions, and sale of merchandise or services on highways within their boundaries or on public roadways and medians
    § 46.2-932
    Playing on highways; use of toy vehicle on highways, persons riding bicycles, electric personal assistive mobility devices, electric power-assisted bicycles, mopeds, etc., not to attach to vehicles; exception
    § 46.2-932.1
    Duty of driver approaching blind pedestrian; effect of failure of blind person to carry white cane or use dog guide
    § 46.2-933
    When vehicles to stop for pedestrian guided by dog or carrying white, red-tipped white, or metallic cane
    § 46.2-934
    Failure to use cane or guide dog not contributory negligence
    § 46.2-935
    Regulation by ordinance in counties, cities, and towns
  • Article 17.
    Legal Procedures and Requirements
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  • § 46.2-936
    Arrest for misdemeanor; release on summons; right to demand hearing immediately or within 24 hours; issuance of warrant on request of officer for violations of §§ 46.2-301 and 46.2-302; violations
    § 46.2-937
    Traffic infractions treated as misdemeanors for arrest purposes
    § 46.2-938
    Issuance of warrant upon failure to comply with summons; penalties; suspension of licenses for failure to appear
    § 46.2-939
    Authority of law-enforcement officers to issue subpoenas
    § 46.2-940
    When arresting officer shall take person before issuing authority
    § 46.2-941
    Conditions precedent to issuance of summons for violation of parking ordinance; notice
    § 46.2-942
    Admissibility of results of speedometer test in prosecution for exceeding speed limit
    § 46.2-943
    Court or jury may consider defendant's prior traffic record before sentencing