Code of Virginia

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Chapter 2.
Disease Prevention and Control
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  • Article 1.
    Reporting of Diseases
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  • § 32.1-35
    List and reports of diseases and dangerous microbes and pathogens
    § 32.1-35.1
    Information on health care-associated infections
    § 32.1-36
    Reports by physicians and laboratory directors
    § 32.1-36.1
    Confidentiality of test for human immunodeficiency virus; civil penalty; individual action for damages or penalty
    § 32.1-37
    Reports by persons other than physicians
    § 32.1-37.1
    Report of diseases infecting dead human bodies
    § 32.1-37.01
    (Effective March 1, 2021) Posting of information about cases of communicable disease of public health threat
    § 32.1-37.2
    Consent for testing for human immunodeficiency virus; condition on disclosure of test results; counseling required; exceptions
    § 32.1-38
    Immunity from liability
  • Article 2.
    Investigation of Diseases
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  • § 32.1-39
    Surveillance and investigation
    § 32.1-40
    Authority of Commissioner to examine medical records
    § 32.1-41
    Anonymity of patients and practitioners to be preserved in use of medical records
  • Article 3.
    Disease Control Measures
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  • § 32.1-42
    Emergency rules and regulations
    § 32.1-42.1
    Administration and dispensing of necessary drugs, devices and vaccines during a declared disaster or emergency
    § 32.1-42.2
    Declared emergency; priority for personal protective equipment and immunization; funeral service licensees and funeral service establishment employees
    § 32.1-43
    Authority of State Health Commissioner to require quarantine, etc.
    § 32.1-44
    Isolated or quarantined persons
    § 32.1-45
    Expense of treatment
    § 32.1-45.1
    Deemed consent to testing and release of test results related to infection with human immunodeficiency virus or hepatitis B or C viruses
    § 32.1-45.2
    Public safety employees; testing for blood-borne pathogens; procedure available for certain citizens; definitions
    § 32.1-45.3
    Repealed
    § 32.1-45.4
    Comprehensive harm reduction programs
    § 32.1-46
    Immunization of patients against certain diseases
    § 32.1-46.01
    Virginia Immunization Information System
    § 32.1-46.02
    Administration of influenza vaccine to minors
    § 32.1-46.1
    Board to establish protocol for identification of children with elevated blood-lead levels
    § 32.1-46.2
    Certain testing or determination of low risk for elevated blood-lead levels required
    § 32.1-47
    Exclusion from school of children not immunized
    § 32.1-47.1
    Vaccination of children; plan enhancements
    § 32.1-48
    Powers of Commissioner in epidemic
    § 32.1-48.001
    (For contingent effective date, see Acts 2021, Sp. Sess. I, c. 472, cl. 2) Real-time information sharing for emergency medical services agencies
  • Article 3.01.
    Isolation of Certain Persons with Communicable Diseases of Public Health Significance
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  • § 32.1-48.01
    Definitions
    § 32.1-48.02
    Investigations of verified reports or medical evidence; counseling; outpatient and emergency treatment orders; custody upon emergency order; application of article
    § 32.1-48.03
    Petition for hearing; temporary detention
    § 32.1-48.04
    Isolation hearing; conditions; order for isolation; right to appeal
  • Article 3.1.
    Control of Rabies
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  • § 32.1-48.1
    Regulation of State Health Commissioner declaring existence of rabies; display and publication
    § 32.1-48.2
    Regulation of Commissioner requiring vaccination or inoculation of dogs
    § 32.1-48.3
    Regulations of Commissioner covering local ordinances and requirements
    § 32.1-48.4
    Commissioner to cooperate with local governing bodies and agencies
  • Article 4.
    Tuberculosis
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  • § 32.1-49
    Tuberculosis required to be reported
    § 32.1-49.1
    Definitions
    § 32.1-50
    Examination of persons suspected of having active tuberculosis disease; reporting; report forms; report schedule; laboratory reports and required samples
    § 32.1-50.1
    Treatment plan; submission of plan and mediation of disagreements; determination of cure
    § 32.1-50.2
    Administration of tuberculin purified protein derivative by nurses; policies and guidelines
    § 32.1-51
    Repealed
    § 32.1-53
    Facilities and contracts for treatment of tuberculosis patients
    § 32.1-54
    Commissioner authorized to charge patients for care
  • Article 5.
    Venereal Diseases
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  • § 32.1-55
    Definition
    § 32.1-55.1
    Anonymous testing sites for human immunodeficiency virus
    § 32.1-56
    Information to be provided patients
    § 32.1-57
    Examination, testing and treatment; failure to comply with order of examination
    § 32.1-58
    Persons convicted of certain crimes to be examined, tested and treated
    § 32.1-59
    Examination and treatment in certain institutions
    § 32.1-60
    Prenatal tests required
  • Article 6.
    Prevention of Blindness from Ophthalmia Neonatorum
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  • § 32.1-61
    Definition
    § 32.1-62
    Procedure upon infant's birth
    § 32.1-63
    Duty of physician, midwife or nurse noting ophthalmia neonatorum
    § 32.1-64
    Duty of Board to provide for treatment
  • Article 6.1.
    Virginia Hearing Loss Identification and Monitoring System
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  • § 32.1-64.1
    Virginia Hearing Loss Identification and Monitoring System
    § 32.1-64.2
    Confidentiality of records; publication; Commissioner required to contact parents, physicians, and relevant local early intervention program
  • Article 7.
    Newborn Screening
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  • § 32.1-65
    Certain newborn screening required
    § 32.1-65.1
    Critical congenital heart defect screening test required
    § 32.1-66
    Commissioner to notify physicians; reports to Commissioner
    § 32.1-67
    Duty of Board for follow-up and referral protocols; regulations
    § 32.1-67.1
    Confidentiality of records; prohibition of discrimination
  • Article 8.
    Voluntary Program for Control of Genetic and Metabolic Diseases
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  • § 32.1-68
    Commissioner to establish screening and treatment program; review by Board; program to include education and post-screening counseling; laboratory tests
    § 32.1-69
    Records confidential; disclosure of results of screening
  • Article 8.1.
    Virginia Congenital Anomalies Reporting and Education System
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  • § 32.1-69.1
    Virginia Congenital Anomalies Reporting and Education System
    § 32.1-69.1:1
    Dissemination of information regarding birth defects
    § 32.1-69.2
    Confidentiality of records; publication; authority of Commissioner to contact parents and physicians
  • Article 8.2.
    Virginia Cord Blood Bank Initiative
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  • § 32.1-69.3
    Virginia Cord Blood Bank Initiative established
    § 32.1-69.4
    Publication of information regarding cord blood education
  • Article 9.
    Statewide Cancer Registry
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  • § 32.1-70
    Information from hospitals, clinics, certain laboratories and physicians supplied to Commissioner; statewide cancer registry
    § 32.1-70.1
    Repealed
    § 32.1-70.2
    Collection of cancer case information by the Commissioner
    § 32.1-71
    Confidential nature of information supplied; publication; reciprocal data-sharing agreements
    § 32.1-71.01
    Penalties for unauthorized use of statewide cancer registry
    § 32.1-71.02
    Notification of cancer patients of statewide cancer registry reporting
  • Article 11.
    Penalty
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  • § 32.1-73
    Failure to comply with provisions; grounds for revocation of license or permit
  • Article 13.
    Statewide Asthma Management
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  • § 32.1-73.5
    Comprehensive statewide asthma management plan
    § 32.1-73.6
    Implementation of state asthma management programs
  • Article 14.
    Youth Suicide Prevention
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  • § 32.1-73.7
    Department to be lead agency for youth suicide prevention
  • Article 16.
    Advisory Council on Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections and Pediatric Acute-Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome
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  • § 32.1-73.9
    Advisory Council on Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections and Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome; membership
    § 32.1-73.10
    Advisory Council; report
    § 32.1-73.11
    (Continued pursuant to Acts 2022, Sp. S. I, c. 2, item 299 D) Sunset
  • Article 17.
    Substance-Exposed Infants
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  • § 32.1-73.12
    Department to be lead agency for services for substance-exposed infants
  • Article 18.
    Alzheimer's Disease
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  • § 32.1-73.13
    Alzheimer's disease and related dementias; early detection and diagnosis; risk reduction and care planning