Code of Virginia

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Code of Virginia
Title 45.1. Mines and Mining
Chapter 14.4. Requirements Applicable to Surface Coal Mines

§ 45.1-161.273. (Repealed effective October 1, 2021) Shop and other equipment.

A. The following shall be guarded and maintained adequately:

1. Gears, sprockets, pulleys, fan blades or propellers, friction devices and couplings with protruding bolts or nuts.

2. Shafting and projecting shaft ends that are within seven feet of floor or platform level.

3. Belt, chain or rope drives that are within seven feet of floor or platform.

4. Fly wheels. Where fly wheels extend more than seven feet above the floor, they shall be guarded to a height of at least seven feet.

5. Circular and band saws and planers.

6. Repair pits. Guards shall be kept in place when the pits are not in use.

7. Counterweights.

8. Mine fans. The approach shall be guarded.

9. Lighting and other electrical equipment that may cause shock hazards or personal injury.

B. Machinery shall not be repaired or oiled while in motion; provided, however, that this shall not apply where safe remote oiling devices are used.

C. A guard or safety device removed from any machine shall be replaced before the machine is put in operation.

D. Mechanically operated grinding wheels shall be equipped with:

1. Safety washers and tool rests.

2. Substantial retaining hoods, the hood opening of which shall not expose more than a 90 degree sector of the wheel. Such hoods shall include a device to control and collect excess rock, metal or dust particles, or equivalent protection shall be provided to the employees operating such machinery.

3. Eyeshields, unless goggles are worn by the operators.

E. The operator or his agent shall develop procedures for examining for potential hazards, completing proper maintenance, and properly operating each type of centrifugal pump. The procedures shall, at a minimum, address the manufacturers' recommendations for start-up and shutdown of the pumps, proper actions to be taken when a pump is suspected of overheating, safe location of start and stop switches, and actions to be taken when signs of structural metal fatigue such as cracks in the frame, damaged cover mounting brackets, or missing bolts or other components are detected. All miners who repair, maintain, or operate such pumps shall be trained in these procedures.

Code 1950, § 45-85.3; 1954, c. 191; 1966, c. 594, § 45.1-88; 1978, c. 118; 1994, c. 28; 2005, c. 3.

The chapters of the acts of assembly referenced in the historical citation at the end of this section may not constitute a comprehensive list of such chapters and may exclude chapters whose provisions have expired.