Code of Virginia

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Code of Virginia
Title 45.1. Mines and Mining
Chapter 14.4. Requirements Applicable to Surface Coal Mines

§ 45.1-161.287. (Repealed effective October 1, 2021) Ground control.

A. All surface coal mining operations shall establish and follow a ground control plan approved by the Chief to ensure the safety of workers and others affected by the operations. The ground control plan shall be consistent with prudent engineering design. Mining methods shall ensure wall and bank stability, including benching, to obtain a safe overall slope. The ground control plan shall also ensure the safety of persons (i) in residences or other occupied buildings, (ii) working or traveling on any roadway, and (iii) in any other area where persons congregate, work, or travel that may be affected by blasting or falling, sliding, or other uncontrolled movement of material. The plan shall identify how residents or occupants of other buildings located down the slope from active workings will be notified when ground disturbing activities will take place above them and what actions will be taken to protect such residents or occupants from ground control failures during the work.

B. Scaling and removal of loose hazardous material from the tops of pits and highwalls, banks, walls and benches shall be completed to assure a safe work area.

C. Employees and other persons, except those involved in correction of the condition, shall be restricted from areas where hazardous highwall or pit conditions exist.

D. Unless required for the purpose of repairs, all persons shall be restricted from areas between equipment and walls, benches, or banks if the equipment may hinder their escape from falling or sliding material. Special precautions shall be taken when persons are required to perform such repairs.

1994, c. 28; 2005, c. 3.

The chapters of the acts of assembly referenced in the historical citation at the end of this section may not constitute a comprehensive list of such chapters and may exclude chapters whose provisions have expired.